Rancho Guajome Adobe

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Coordinates: 33°13′59.59″N 117°15′14.42″W / 33.2332194°N 117.2540056°W / 33.2332194; -117.2540056

Guajome Ranch House
Rancho Guajome Adobe
Rancho Guajome 1-2.jpg
Hacienda with arcaded veranda
view from southeast (1936).
Rancho Guajome Adobe is located in San Diego County, California
Rancho Guajome Adobe
Rancho Guajome Adobe is located in California
Rancho Guajome Adobe
Rancho Guajome Adobe is located in the US
Rancho Guajome Adobe
Nearest city Vista, Southern California
Built 1852-1853
Architect Unknown
Architectural style Spanish—Mexican Colonial adobe, Other
NRHP Reference # 70000145
Significant dates
Added to NRHP April 15, 1970[1]
Designated NHL April 15, 1970[2]

Rancho Guajome Adobe, listed in the National Register of Historic Places as Guajome Ranch House, is an 1850s adobe hacienda (house) in Vista, northern San Diego County, Southern California.


The adobe was built in 1852 and served as the headquarters of Rancho Guajome, a Mexican land grant. Abel Stearns had given the rancho to Ysidora Bandini (sister of his wife Arcadia Bandini), as a wedding gift when she married Lieutenant Cave Johnson Couts in 1851.

It is a large, rambling, 20-room, Spanish Colonial-style hacienda with two courtyards, an arcaded veranda, and other structures, including a chapel in a former small house.[3][4] It was built with the profits from the cattle boom of the 1850s, when many California ranchos supplied the Gold Rush miners and associated new American immigrants with meat and leather.[3]

Couts was appointed sub-agent for the native Luiseño people (San Luis Rey Mission Indians) in 1853. He used their enslaved labor to improve his properties in the area, including this one and nearby Rancho Buena Vista and Rancho Vallecitos de San Marcos.[5][6]


The hacienda and associated structures was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1970.[2][4] It is also a California Historical Landmark and on the National Register of Historic Places.


Rancho Guajome Adobe is now a Historic house museum within the protected landscape of a park. It is located within the northernmost limits of Vista,[7] in northern San Diego County, California.

It is set within Guajome County Park, which also has "a rich riparian area, marshes, and spring-fed lakes; and offers picnicking, hiking, horseback riding, fishing, and camping."[3][8]

Northwestern view of Rancho Guajome landscape and adobes (1936).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "Guajome Ranch House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-11-18. 
  3. ^ a b c Historyandculture.com: Guajome adobe . accessed 9.6.2012
  4. ^ a b Patricia Heintzelman and Charles Snell (January 23, 1979). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Guajome Ranchhouse" (pdf). National Park Service.  and Accompanying 8 photos, exterior, from 1975 and undated. (2.37 MB)
  5. ^ Slavery in the Golden State
  6. ^ Michael Magliari, 2004, Free Soil, Unfree Labor: Cave Johnson Couts and the Binding of Indian Workers in California, 1850-1867; August 2004; Pacific Historical Review
  7. ^ 2210 N. Santa Fe Ave, Vista, CA 92083
  8. ^ County of San Diego: Guajome County Park . accessed 9.6.2012

External links[edit]