Rancho Guajome Adobe
Guajome Ranch House
Rancho Guajome Adobe
|Nearest city||Vista, Southern California|
|Architectural style||Spanish—Mexican Colonial adobe, Other|
|NRHP Reference #||70000145|
|Added to NRHP||April 15, 1970|
|Designated NHL||April 15, 1970|
The adobe was built in 1852 and served as the headquarters of Rancho Guajome, a Mexican land grant. Abel Stearns had given the rancho to Ysidora Bandini (sister of his wife Arcadia Bandini), as a wedding gift when she married Lieutenant Cave Johnson Couts in 1851.
It is a large, rambling, 20-room, Spanish Colonial-style hacienda with two courtyards, an arcaded veranda, and other structures, including a chapel in a former small house. It was built with the profits from the cattle boom of the 1850s, when many California ranchos supplied the Gold Rush miners and associated new American immigrants with meat and leather.
Couts was appointed sub-agent for the native Luiseño people (San Luis Rey Mission Indians) in 1853. He used their enslaved labor to improve his properties in the area, including this one and nearby Rancho Buena Vista and Rancho Vallecitos de San Marcos.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in San Diego County, California — federal.
- California Historical Landmarks in San Diego County, California — state.
- Index — Ranchos of San Diego County, California
- List of Ranchos of California
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Guajome Ranch House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-11-18.
- Historyandculture.com: Guajome adobe . accessed 9.6.2012
- Patricia Heintzelman and Charles Snell (January 23, 1979). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Guajome Ranchhouse" (pdf). National Park Service. and Accompanying 8 photos, exterior, from 1975 and undated. (2.37 MB)
- Slavery in the Golden State
- Michael Magliari, 2004, Free Soil, Unfree Labor: Cave Johnson Couts and the Binding of Indian Workers in California, 1850-1867; August 2004; Pacific Historical Review
- 2210 N. Santa Fe Ave, Vista, CA 92083
- County of San Diego: Guajome County Park . accessed 9.6.2012
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rancho Guajome Adobe.|
- Official website
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. CA-43, "Casa de Rancho Guajome, San Luis Rey, San Diego County, CA", 14 photos, 12 measured drawings, 2 data pages, supplemental material