Rancho San Miguel (Noe)

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Rancho San Miguel was a 4,443-acre (17.98 km2) Mexican land grant in present-day San Francisco County, California, given in 1845 by Governor Pío Pico to José de Jesús Noé.[1] The grant included what is now known as Eureka Valley and extended past Mount Davidson almost to present-day Daly City. The grant encompassed the present-day San Francisco neighborhoods of Noe Valley, the Castro, Glen Park, Diamond Heights, and St. Francis Wood.[2]


José de Jesús Noé (1805-1862) was born in Puebla, Mexico, and came to California with his wife, Guadalupe Garduno, in 1834 with the Hijar-Padres Colony. During the last years of Mexican rule in California, José Noé held several administrative posts in San Francisco. He was alcalde in 1842 and in part of 1846. José Noé received the one square league Rancho San Miguel grant in 1845.[3]

With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican-American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo provided that the land grants would be honored. As required by the Land Act of 1851, a claim for Rancho San Miguel was filed with the Public Land Commission in 1852,[4] and the grant was patented to José de Jesús Noé in 1857.[5]

After his wife died in 1848, leaving three sons, Noé began selling Rancho San Miguel. In 1854, Noé sold a large part of Rancho San Miguel to John Meirs Horner[6] and his brother William J. Horner. By that time Noé obtained a US land patent to Rancho San Miguel in 1857, he had already sold much of it. José Noé died in 1862 and passed what remained of the rancho to his children. By 1862, French financier, François Louis Alfred Pioche, owned most of the Rancho San Miguel, but then lost it in a foreclosure sale in 1878. In 1880, former Mayor of San Francisco Adolph Sutro bought the northwesterly portion of the rancho.[7]

In 1895, heirs of José Noé contended that his sale to Horner was illegal and unsuccessfully sued to have half of the rancho land—their mother's share—restored to them.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ogden Hoffman, 1862, Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, Numa Hubert, San Francisco
  2. ^ Diseño del Rancho San Miguel
  3. ^ Hoover, Mildred B.; Rensch, Hero; Rensch, Ethel; Abeloe, William N. (1966). Historic Spots in California. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-4482-9.
  4. ^ United States. District Court (California : Northern District) Land Case 6 ND
  5. ^ Report of the Surveyor General 1844 - 1886 Archived 2009-05-04 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ John Meirs Horner
  7. ^ Mae Silver (2001). Rancho San Miguel: A San Francisco neighborhood history. Ord Street Press, San Francisco.
  8. ^ Noe Valley Land Suit

Coordinates: 37°46′12″N 122°26′24″W / 37.770°N 122.440°W / 37.770; -122.440