Rancho Santa Fe, California

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Rancho Santa Fe
Census-designated place
Rancho Santa Fe street view 2013.jpg
Nickname(s): The Ranch, Rancho
Location of Rancho Santa Fe within San Diego County, California.
Location of Rancho Santa Fe within San Diego County, California.
Rancho Santa Fe is located in USA
Rancho Santa Fe
Rancho Santa Fe
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°1′26″N 117°12′0″W / 33.02389°N 117.20000°W / 33.02389; -117.20000Coordinates: 33°1′26″N 117°12′0″W / 33.02389°N 117.20000°W / 33.02389; -117.20000
Country  United States
State  California
County San Diego
Area[1]
 • Total 6.788 sq mi (17.581 km2)
 • Land 6.715 sq mi (17.392 km2)
 • Water 0.073 sq mi (0.189 km2)  1.07%
Elevation[2] 246 ft (75 m)
Population (April 1, 2010)
 • Total 3,117
 • Density 460/sq mi (180/km2)
Time zone Pacific Time Zone (UTC−8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)
ZIP codes 92067, 92091
Area code 858
FIPS code 06-59584
GNIS feature IDs 247968, 2409138
Reference no. 982[3]

Rancho Santa Fe (Spanish: santa—holy, fe—faith) is a census-designated place (CDP) in San Diego County, California, United States, within the San Diego metropolitan area. With an estimated (2010) median income of $188,859,[4] it is on the list of highest income communities in the United States with a population of at least 1,000.[citation needed] The population was 3,117 at the 2010 census. The CDP is primarily residential with a few shopping blocks, a middle and elementary school, and several restaurants.

History[edit]

In 1841, Rancho San Dieguito, as it was originally named, was a Mexican land grant of 8,824 acres (35.71 km2) from Governor Pío Pico of Alta California to Juan Maria Osuna, the first alcalde (mayor) of the Pueblo of San Diego.[citation needed]

In 1906, the Santa Fe Railway, a subsidiary of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway, purchased the entire land grant from the Osuna family descendants to plant a Blue gum eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus) tree plantation for railroad ties, though eucalyptus wood proved too soft to hold railroad spikes. The railroad then formed the Santa Fe Land Improvement Company to develop a planned community of country estates.[citation needed]

In 1917 and 1918, the Santa Fe Land & Improvement Company, under the supervision of its president W.E. Hodges, constructed a dam designed by John S. Eastwood to capture the waters of the San Dieguito River to form Lake Hodges reservoir, which would provide water for the new community. A plan was adopted, roads were laid out, and properties were plotted. The 6,200 acres developed from the original Rancho San Dieguito land grant was renamed "Rancho Santa Fe" in 1922.[citation needed]

In 1921, Lilian Rice, working under the architectural firm of Requa and Jackson, was chosen to develop the community's master plan. Rice worked through to 1927, designing, supervising, and constructing the village center, as well as several homes.[5]

In 1923, the Santa Fe Land Company constructed a guest house called "La Morada" to house potential land purchasers. It was renamed in 1941, as "The Inn", when it was purchased by a private owner.[6]

From 1937 to 1947, Bing Crosby hosted a golf tournament known as the "Bing Crosby Clambake" at the Rancho Santa Fe Country Club. Crosby's golf tournaments, which included Hollywood celebrities matched against professionals, drew great crowds to the area. After 1947, the tournament was moved to Monterey Peninsula, just outside San Francisco.[7]

In 1989, "The Covenant" of Rancho Santa Fe was registered as California Historical Landmark #982 for its status as a historic planned community.[3]

In 1997, the religious cult Heaven's Gate committed mass suicide in a rented mansion here.[8]

In 2007, the Witch Fire caused significant damage to Rancho Santa Fe, damaging or destroying over 80 homes.[9]

Geography[edit]

Rancho Santa Fe is located at 33°1′26″N 117°12′0″W / 33.02389°N 117.20000°W / 33.02389; -117.20000 (33.023943, -117.200110).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.8 square miles (18 km2). 6.7 square miles (17 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (1.07%) is water.

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Rancho Santa Fe has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csa" on climate maps.[11]

The climate of Rancho Santa Fe is, for the most part, typical of the San Diego metropolitan area though its higher elevation and inland location lends itself to larger temperature variations. Notably, Rancho Santa Fe is one of only a few places in suburban San Diego to receive snowfall, the last of which occurred on February 26–27, 2011.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[4] reported that Rancho Santa Fe had a population of 3,117. The population density was 459.2 people per square mile (177.3/km²). The racial makeup of Rancho Santa Fe was 2,910 (93.4%) White, 10 (0.3%) African American, 1 (0.0%) Native American, 87 (2.8%) Asian, 4 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 45 (1.4%) from other races, and 60 (1.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 176 persons (5.6%).

The Census reported that 3,117 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 1,195 households, out of which 364 (30.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 848 (71.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 62 (5.2%) had a female householder with no husband present, 33 (2.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 23 (1.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 9 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 213 households (17.8%) were made up of individuals and 124 (10.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61. There were 943 families (78.9% of all households); the average family size was 2.93.

The population was spread out with 724 people (23.2%) under the age of 18, 142 people (4.6%) aged 18 to 24, 332 people (10.7%) aged 25 to 44, 1,178 people (37.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 741 people (23.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 51.3 years. For every 100 females there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.

There were 1,391 housing units at an average density of 204.9 per square mile (79.1/km²), of which 1,010 (84.5%) were owner-occupied, and 185 (15.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 12.3%. 2,674 people (85.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 443 people (14.2%) lived in rental housing units.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $188,859. Males had a median income of over $153,512 versus $71,667 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $125,367. 3.2% of the population and 2.1% of families were below the poverty line. 2.3% under the age of 18 and 9.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

2000[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 3,252 people, 1,204 households, and 947 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 476.2 inhabitants per square mile (183.8/km²). There were 1,339 housing units at an average density of 196.1 per square mile (75.7/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 93.33% White, 0.46% African American, 0.15% Native American, 2.77% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.15% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.32% of the population.

There were 1,204 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.4% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.3% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 2.9% from 18 to 24, 17.7% from 25 to 44, 33.0% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was in excess of $200,000, as was the median income for a family. Males had a median income of over $150,000 versus $86,933 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $113,132; and was the second wealthiest community in the United States.[13] 3.5% of the population and 2.0% of families were below the poverty line. 4.4% under the age of 18 and 5.5% of those 65 and older was living below the poverty line.

Politics[edit]

Rancho Santa Fe is a stronghold of the Republican Party in San Diego County;[14] however in terms of political donations it gives overwhelmingly to the Democratic Party.[15] In the 2008 Presidential Election, its voters chose John McCain over Barack Obama with 66.61%, significantly higher than the county-wide average of 43.79%.[16] The community approved of California Proposition 8 with 57.57%,[17] while Proposition 4 passed with 53.06% of the vote.[18]

In the California State Legislature, Rancho Santa Fe is in the 38th Senate District, represented by Republican Joel Anderson, and in the 77th Assembly District, represented by Republican Brian Maienschein.[19]

In the United States House of Representatives, Rancho Santa Fe is located in California's 49th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +4[20] and is represented by Republican Darrell Issa.[21]

Education[edit]

Rancho Santa Fe is serviced by the following school districts:

The public library in Rancho Santa Fe is a branch of the San Diego County Library system,[22] and is open to all California residents. The Rancho Santa Fe Library Guild owns the building and land that house the Rancho Santa Fe Library, as well as providing the staff for the children's room.

Notable people[edit]

Notable former residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau. 
  2. ^ "Rancho Santa Fe". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved February 11, 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Rancho Santa Fe". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  4. ^ a b "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Rancho Santa Fe CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  5. ^ Ray Brandes (August 1990). "Lilian Rice Designed Buildings in Rancho Santa Fe MPS" (PDF). 
  6. ^ "THE INN AT RANCHO SANTA FE'S BEGINNINGS ARE WOVEN INTO THE HISTORY OF OLD CALIFORNIA" (PDF). 
  7. ^ "How the Bing Crosby Clambake, Now the AT&T Pro-Am Golf Tournament, Changed Golf". 
  8. ^ "Mass suicide involved sedatives, vodka and careful planning". 
  9. ^ "Witch Creek Fire Rancho Santa Fe Fire Protection District Damage Assesment by Area" (PDF). 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Rancho Santa Fe, California
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ Sam Roberts (October 1, 2004). Who We Are Now: The Changing Face of America in the 21st Century. Henry Holt and Company. p. 186. ISBN 978-0-8050-7080-4. 
    Yves Gerem (March 2004). A Marmac Guide to Dallas. Pelican Publishing. p. 53. ISBN 978-1-58980-199-8. 
  14. ^ Orlovsky, Christina; Blair, Graham; Radack, Lauren (March 2006). "The Best Places to Live (In San Diego)". San Diego Magazine. Retrieved February 8, 2015. 
  15. ^ David Callahan (June 22, 2010). Fortunes of Change: The Rise of the Liberal Rich and the Remaking of America. John Wiley & Sons. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-470-60654-4. 
  16. ^ http://www.jamesewelch.com/2008/12/09/san-diego-county-presidential-results-by-community/
  17. ^ http://www.jamesewelch.com/2008/12/19/san-diego-county-proposition-8-results-by-community/#more-724
  18. ^ http://www.jamesewelch.com/2008/12/15/san-diego-county-proposition-4-results-by-community/#more-711
  19. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved December 10, 2014. 
  20. ^ http://www.cookpolitical.com/sites/default/files/pvistate.pdf
  21. ^ "California's 49th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  22. ^ San Diego Country Library
  23. ^ http://virtualglobetrotting.com/map/warren-bartons-house/view/bing/
  24. ^ Associated Press. "Padres hire Angels coach Bud Black as manager", ESPN, November 9, 2006.
  25. ^ Wedemeyer, Jessica (April 30, 2010). "Jenny Craig's Horse Racing in the Kentucky Derby". People Magazine. Retrieved March 15, 2015. 
  26. ^ http://virtualglobetrotting.com/map/steve-finleys-house-1/view/bing/
  27. ^ http://www.atpworldtour.com/en/players/taylor-fritz/fb98/overview
  28. ^ http://virtualglobetrotting.com/map/bill-gates-house-5/view/google/
  29. ^ http://virtualglobetrotting.com/map/jelena-jankovics-house/view/google/
  30. ^ [1]
  31. ^ SignsonSanDiego.com
  32. ^ Taipei Times
  33. ^ http://virtualglobetrotting.com/map/janet-jacksons-house-former-1/view/bing/
  34. ^ http://virtualglobetrotting.com/map/jewels-house-former-1/view/bing/
  35. ^ NPR.org
  36. ^ Laffer Center page
  37. ^ Western Clippings Serial Report 21