Rancho Tomales y Baulines

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Rancho Tomales y Baulines was a 9,468-acre (38.32 km2) Mexican land grant in present day Marin County, California, given in 1836 by Governor Nicolás Gutiérrez to Rafael Garcia.[1] The grant extended south from Point Reyes Station along the Olema Valley and encompassed present day Olema and Garcia.[2][3] [4]


Rafael Garcia (1799-1866) married Maria Loreto Altamirano in 1827. Garcia was a corporal stationed at Mission San Rafael and was the first settler to occupy the area around Bolinas Lagoon in 1834. To allow his brother-in-law, Gregorio Briones, to have Rancho Las Baulines, Garcia moved north up the Olema Valley to Olema, and was granted the two square league Rancho Tomales y Baulines in 1836. Garcia gained “juridical possession” of this land from the authorities in Sonoma.[5] In 1843, Garcia moved his livestock onto neighboring James Berry’s Rancho Punta de los Reyes.[6][7] His widow, Loretta, was murdered in Olema in 1873.

With the cession of California to the United States following the Mexican-American War, the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo provided that the land grants would be honored. As required by the Land Act of 1851, a claim for Rancho Tomales y Baulines was filed with the Public Land Commission in 1852,[8] and the grant was patented to Rafael Garcia in 1883.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ogden Hoffman, 1862, Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, Numa Hubert, San Francisco
  2. ^ Diseño del Rancho Tomales y Baulines
  3. ^ Map of Marin County Ranchos
  4. ^ Original Mexican Land Grants in Marin County
  5. ^ Livingston, Dewey (1995). A Good Life: Dairy Farming in the Olema Valley. San Francisco: National Park Service. p. 419. 
  6. ^ Dairy and Beef Ranches on the Point Reyes Peninsula 1834-1945 D.S. Livingston, National Park Service
  7. ^ Robert H. Becker, "Historical Survey of Point Reyes," Land Use Survey. Proposed Point Reyes National Seashore (San Francisco: Region Four Office, National Park Service, February, 1961)
  8. ^ United States. District Court (California : Northern District) Land Case 68 ND
  9. ^ Report of the Surveyor General 1844 - 1886

Coordinates: 38°03′00″N 122°45′36″W / 38.050°N 122.760°W / 38.050; -122.760