Randal Quarles

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Randy Quarles
Randal Quarles official photo.jpg
Vice Chair of the Federal Reserve for Supervision
Assumed office
October 13, 2017
President Donald Trump
Preceded by Position established
Member of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors
Assumed office
October 13, 2017
President Donald Trump
Preceded by Jeremy C. Stein
15th Under Secretary of the Treasury for Domestic Finance
In office
August 8, 2005 – October 13, 2006
President George W. Bush
Preceded by Brian Roseboro
Succeeded by Robert K. Steel
Personal details
Born Randal Keith Quarles
(1957-09-05) September 5, 1957 (age 61)
San Francisco, California, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Hope Eccles
Children 3
Education Columbia University (BA)
Yale University (JD)

Randal Keith Quarles (born September 5, 1957)[1] is an American private equity investor and government official who has served as a member and vice chair for supervision of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors since October 2017. Previously he was founder and head of The Cynosure Group, a private investment firm, and a former partner of The Carlyle Group,[2] one of the world's largest private equity firms.[3] From August 2001 until October 2006, he held several financial policy posts in the George W. Bush administration, ultimately serving as Under Secretary of the Treasury for Domestic Finance.

In July 2017, Quarles was nominated by President Donald Trump to be board member and vice chair for supervision of the Federal Reserve. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 5, 2017,[4] by a 65–32 vote on the board seat and by voice vote on the vice chair position. The bank supervision position had been created under the 2010 Dodd-Frank financial law but had never before 2017 been filled.[5] In 2012, Quarles was widely mentioned as a possible Treasury Secretary or senior White House adviser in future Republican administrations.[6]

Early life[edit]

Born in San Francisco, Quarles was raised in Roy, Utah, graduating from Roy High School in 1975. After graduating from Columbia University with a BA summa cum laude in philosophy and economics in 1981, he entered Yale Law School, graduating with a JD in 1984.

Early career[edit]

Upon graduation from Yale, Quarles was hired as an associate at the Wall Street law firm of Davis Polk & Wardwell. He spent most of his career there in the New York office but also worked in the London office from 1987 to 1989. He specialized in financial institutions law, eventually becoming co-head of the firm's Financial Institutions Group and advising on transactions that included a number of the largest financial sector mergers ever completed.[7][8]

George H.W. Bush administration[edit]

In 1990, Nicholas Brady, Treasury Secretary under George H. W. Bush, asked Quarles to join a team working to develop the governmental response to the savings and loan crisis in the financial sector and to propose improvements for the financial regulatory system going forward. Quarles served in the first Bush administration as Special Assistant to the Secretary of the Treasury for Banking Legislation and as Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Financial Institutions Policy, returning to the law firm of Davis Polk & Wardwell in January 1993.[9]

George W. Bush administration[edit]

In 2001, Secretary Paul O'Neill asked Quarles to return to the Treasury, where he served until the mid-term elections in 2006. At the Treasury, Quarles was a senior official under all three of George W. Bush's Treasury Secretaries and developed policy on an unusually broad range of matters in both domestic and international financial affairs.[10]

As Under Secretary, Quarles led the Department's activities in financial sector and capital markets policy,[11] including coordination of the President’s Working Group on Financial Markets,[12] development of administration policy on hedge funds and derivatives,[13] regulatory reform of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac,[14] and proposing fundamental reform of the U.S. financial regulatory structure.[15]

Quarles also was the lead advocate for imposing greater regulation on Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, arguing that they posed significant risk to the financial sector, and argued for fundamental reform of the entire financial regulatory system—extending broader and more uniform federal regulation to investment banks and insurance companies—because the current system restricted regulators' ability to observe and limit risk in the system.[16]

From April 2002 until August 2005, Quarles was Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs.[17] Quarles had a leading role in issues ranging from Chinese currency policy to the Argentine debt default, and from Iraqi and Afghan economic reconstruction to the reform of collective action in sovereign debt agreements.[10] In addition, Quarles was the policy chair of the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States, which reviews potential investments that raise national security issues,[18] and negotiated the historic debt relief agreement for the world's poorest countries reached at the G7 meetings in London in 2005.[19]

From August 2001 until April 2002, Quarles was the U.S. Executive Director of the International Monetary Fund, where he represented the United States in negotiations over the IMF's response to financial crises in Argentina and Turkey.[20]

In his earlier positions in the administration he had a key role in response to several international crises—the Argentine debt default, as well as near defaults in Brazil, Turkey and Uruguay—and chaired the international working group that led to changes in the terms of sovereign debt finance that now permit collective action by creditors in such crises.[21] He also argued strongly for improving international coordination of financial regulation, initiating a regular dialogue with the European Union on financial regulatory matters and representing the United States at the Financial Stability Forum.[22] He negotiated the historic debt relief agreement for the world's poorest countries reached at the G7 Meetings in London during 2005.[19]

At the time of his departure from government, Hank Paulson, the Treasury Secretary, noted that he had played a role in an unusually large range of matters in the history of the Treasury – "from the Argentine debt default to terrorism risk insurance, and from Chinese currency flexibility to GSE reform",[10] and awarded him the Alexander Hamilton Medal, the Treasury Department's highest honor.[23]

Carlyle Group[edit]

After his departure from the Treasury, Quarles joined the Carlyle Group, a leading private equity firm, to help the firm develop a focus on transactions in the financial services sector.

Cynosure Group[edit]

After his departure from Carlisle, Quarles led the Cynosure Group which manages the money of the Eccles family among others. The family forbears included David Eccles (1849–1912), who emigrated from Scotland sailing on the Cynosure[24] who subsequently became a successful businessman and Utah's first multimillionaire, and his son Marriner Stoddard Eccles (1890–1977), who was a U.S. banker, economist, and Chairman of the Federal Reserve. The Eccles Building that houses the headquarters of the Federal Reserve in Washington, D.C. is named after Marriner Eccles.

Federal Reserve Board[edit]

Quarles testifies in 2018 before the House Committee on Financial Services as Vice Chairman for Supervision

On July 10, 2017, Quarles was nominated by President Donald Trump to fill a vacant position on the Federal Reserve Board of Governors expiring January 31, 2018, a new 14 year term expiring January 31, 2032, and also the position of Vice Chairman for Supervision. The position of Vice Chairman for Supervision had previously remained unfilled since its creation under the Dodd-Frank Act in 2010.[25]

Quarles was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 5, 2017 for the vacant seat expiring early in 2018 by a vote of 65-32, [26] as well as for the position of Vice Chairman for Supervision by a voice vote.[27] [4] However, the Senate did not vote on his nomination to the seat expiring in 2032, but instead returned his nomination to the President at the end of the first session of the 115th Congress, per Senate rule XXXI, Section 6.[28] He continued to serve on the Board as an acting member pending his renomination January 8, 2018, and ultimate confirmation July 17, 2018, by a vote of 66-33.[29]

Personal life[edit]

Randal and Hope Quarles shake hands with Chair Janet Yellen in 2017 shortly after Quarles is sworn in

Quarles's wife, Hope, is related to Marriner Stoddard Eccles[30] – her grandfather was Marriner's brother.[31]

In November 2017, an investigation conducted by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists cited his name in the list of politicians named in the "Paradise Papers" documents.[32][33][34]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ System Timed Out (Library of Congress Online Catalog)
  2. ^ "The Carlyle Group : Quarles, Randal K". Retrieved November 8, 2017. 
  3. ^ Dan Briody, The Iron Triangle: Inside the Secret World of the Carlyle Group, John Wiley & Sons, 2003, ISBN 0-471-28108-5
  4. ^ a b Cox, Jeff (October 5, 2017). "Senate votes to confirm Randal Quarles as Fed board member". CNBC. Retrieved October 5, 2017. 
  5. ^ Tracy, Ryan, "Randal Quarles, Trump’s First Fed Nominee, Wins Senate Approval" (subscription required), Wall Street Journal, October 5, 2017. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
  6. ^ "what-mitt-romney-economic-team-might-loik-like", Boston Globe, October 3, 2012; "-romney-administration", Washington Post, October 3, 2012; Salman, Felix, Reuters, May 23, 2012; "obamas-potential-cabinet", Washington Post, October 3, 2012; Politico
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved January 7, 2014.  ISS=11988&SID=509280&SM=&SearchStr=
  8. ^ Lattman, Peter, "Quarles to Leave Treasury — Will He Return to the Law?" (subscription required), Wall Street Journal Law Blog, August 11, 2006.
  9. ^ "U.S. Treasury – Biography of Randal K. Quarles, Under Secretary for Domestic Finance". Archived from the original on September 17, 2006. Retrieved September 9, 2006. 
  10. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 8, 2008. Retrieved March 3, 2008. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Treasury – Duties & Functions of the Under Secretary of Domestic Finance". Archived from the original on February 15, 2006. Retrieved September 9, 2006. 
  12. ^ "FIA". www.futuresindustry.org. Retrieved November 8, 2017. [not in citation given]
  13. ^ "U.S. Senate: 404 Error Page" (PDF). banking.senate.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 28, 2008. Retrieved November 8, 2017. 
  14. ^ "FT.com / Search". Retrieved November 8, 2017. 
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 12, 2008. Retrieved March 3, 2008. 
  16. ^ http://www.agents4change.net/page.asp?g=FSRAC&content=CD_AM_7-19-06&parent=FSRAC "Top Treasury official to step down", AFX News, August 10, 2006.
  17. ^ "President Bush to Nominate Two Individuals to Serve in His Administration". georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov. Retrieved November 8, 2017. 
  18. ^ "JS-1007: Asst. Secretary Quarles' Remarks to Organization for International Investment". Archived from the original on July 19, 2008. Retrieved November 8, 2017. 
  19. ^ a b Development Aid Expected To Be Focus of Group of Eight Meeting Archived May 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  20. ^ "IMF Survey Supplement on the Fund, September 2001". www.imf.org. Retrieved November 8, 2017. 
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 31, 2008. Retrieved December 21, 2008. 
  22. ^ "US-EU Regulatory Dialogue and Its Future". Commdocs.house.gov. Retrieved October 5, 2017. 
  23. ^ http://www.carlyle.com/about-carlyle/team/randal-k-quarles Restricted access.
  24. ^ "Eccles Family Backs New Investment Firm, The Cynosure Group", PRWEB, June 5, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2017.
  25. ^ Washington Post https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/whitehouse/trump-taps-randal-quarles-for-federal-reserve-board/2017/07/10/b8028400-65db-11e7-94ab-5b1f0ff459df_story.html. Retrieved November 8, 2017.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  26. ^ "PN 734 — Randal Quarles — Federal Reserve Board" Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  27. ^ "PN736 — Randal Quarles – Federal Reserve Board" Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  28. ^ "PN735 — Randal Quarles — Federal Reserve Board" Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  29. ^ "PN1354 — Randal Quarles – Federal Reserve Board" Retrieved July 21, 2018.
  30. ^ "A new approach to financial regulation". The Economist. July 13, 2017. Retrieved July 14, 2017. 
  31. ^ Boyd, Hal, "Trump picks Mormon and Utahn Randal Quarles for Fed", Deseret News, June 3, 2017. Retrieved November 2, 2017.
  32. ^ "Explore The Politicians in the Paradise Papers". ICIJ. Retrieved December 6, 2017. 
  33. ^ Swaine, Jon; Pilkington, Ed (November 5, 2017). "The wealthy men in Trump's inner circle with links to tax havens". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved December 7, 2017. 
  34. ^ Dixon, Hayley; Allen, Nick (November 5, 2017). "Paradise Papers: Queen's private estate invested millions in offshore funds, leaked files reveal". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved December 7, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Brian C. Roseboro
Under Secretary of the Treasury for Domestic Finance
2005–2006
Succeeded by
Robert K. Steel
Government offices
Preceded by
Jeremy C. Stein
Member of the Federal Reserve Board of Governors
2017–present
Incumbent
New office Vice Chairman for Supervision of the Federal Reserve
2017–present