Randolph M. Nesse
Randolph M. Nesse (born 1948) is an American physician, scientist and author who is notable for his role as a founder of the field of evolutionary medicine and evolutionary psychiatry. He is professor of life sciences and ASU Foundation Professor at Arizona State University, where he became the Founding Director of the Center for Evolution and Medicine in 2014. He was previously a professor of psychiatry, professor of psychology and research professor at the University of Michigan where he led the Evolution and Human Adaptation Program and helped to establish one of the world’s first anxiety disorders clinics and conducted research on neuroendocrine responses to fear.
His research on the evolution of aging led to a long collaboration with the evolutionary biologist George C. Williams. Their co-authored book, Why We Get Sick: The New Science of Darwinian Medicine, inspired fast growth of the field of evolutionary medicine. His subsequent research has focused on how natural selection shapes mechanisms that regulate pain, fever, anxiety, low mood, and why emotional disorders are so common. He also has written extensively about the evolutionary origins of moral emotions, and strategies for establishing evolutionary biology as a basic science for medicine. Good Reasons for Bad Feelings: Insights from the Frontier of Evolutionary Psychiatry applies the principles of evolutionary medicine to mental disorders.
He was the initial organizer and second president of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society, and is currently the president of the International Society for Evolution, Medicine & Public Health. He is a Distinguished Life Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association, a Fellow of the Association for Psychological Sciences, and an elected Fellow of the AAAS.
- "Randolph Nesse". Research Center for Group Dynamics – Primary Research Staff. University of Michigan. Archived from the original on 11 May 2011. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- Experts List - University of Michigan
- "Depression Debunking", by MICHAEL M. GINDI, New York Times, February 8, 2000
- "Viewing Depression As Tool for Survival", By ERICA GOODE, New York Times, February 1, 2000
- Marks I. M., Nesse R. M. (1994). "Fear and fitness: An evolutionary analysis of anxiety disorders". Ethology and Sociobiology. 15 (5–6): 247–261. doi:10.1016/0162-3095(94)90002-7. hdl:2027.42/31354.
Nesse, R. M., Bhatnagar, S., & Ellis, B. (2016). Evolutionary origins and functions of the stress response system. Stress: Concepts, Cognition, Emotion, and Behavior: Handbook of Stress Series, 1, 95–101. Retrieved from *https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/6048/41ef91b63ad62a7bb05110e971c65caaea9b.pdf
- Nesse Randolph M (1990). "Evolutionary explanations of emotions". Human Nature. 1 (3): 261–289. doi:10.1007/bf02733986. PMID 24222085. S2CID 6521715.
- Nesse Randolph M (2000). "Is depression an adaptation?". Archives of General Psychiatry. 57 (1): 14–20. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.57.1.14. PMID 10632228.
- Nesse, Randolph M (Ed.). (2001). Evolution and the capacity for commitment. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
- Nesse Randolph M (2004). "Natural selection and the elusiveness of happiness". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences. 359 (1449): 1333–1347. doi:10.1098/rstb.2004.1511. PMC 1693419. PMID 15347525.
- Nesse Randolph M (2005). "Natural Selection and the Regulation of Defenses: A Signal Detection Analysis of the Smoke Detector Principle". Evolution and Human Behavior. 26: 88–105. doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2004.08.002.
- Nesse Randolph M (2013). "Tinbergen's four questions, organized: a response to Bateson and Laland". Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 28 (12): 681–682. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2013.10.008. PMID 24216179.
- Nesse Randolph M, Berridge (1997). "Psychoactive drug use in evolutionary perspective". Science. 278 (5335): 63–66. doi:10.1126/science.278.5335.63. PMID 9311928.
- Nesse, Randolph M, & Dawkins, R. (2010). Evolution: Medicine’s most basic science. In D. A. Warrell, T. M. Cox, J. D. Firth, & E. J. J. Benz (Eds.), Oxford Textbook of Medicine, 5th edition (pp. 12–15). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Nesse Randolph M., Finch C. E., Nunn C. L. (2017). "Does selection for short sleep duration explain human vulnerability to Alzheimer's disease?". Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health. 2017 (1): 39–46. doi:10.1093/emph/eow035. PMC 5381352. PMID 28096295.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Nesse Randolph M., Stearns S. C. (2008). "The great opportunity: Evolutionary applications to medicine and public health: Evolutionary applications to medicine and public health". Evolutionary Applications. 1 (1): 28–48. doi:10.1111/j.1752-4571.2007.00006.x. PMC 3352398. PMID 25567489.
- Williams G. C., Nesse R. M. (1991). "The dawn of Darwinian medicine". Quarterly Review of Biology. 66 (1): 1–22. doi:10.1086/417048. JSTOR 2830330. PMID 2052670. S2CID 40357032.
- Nesse, R. M. (1999). "Testing evolutionary hypotheses about mental disorders." In S. Stearns (Ed.), Evolution in Health and Disease (pp. 260–266). New York: Oxford University Press.
- Nesse, R. M., & Williams, G. C. (1995). Why We Get Sick. New York: Times Books.
- Nesse R (1997), "An evolutionary perspective on panic disorder and agoraphobia", in Baron-Cohen S (ed.), The maladapted mind: classic readings in evolutionary psychopathology, East Sussex: Psychology Press, pp. 73–83, ISBN 0-86377-460-1, retrieved 21 January 2011
- Nesse R; Williams, G.C (1997), "Are mental disorders diseases?", in Baron-Cohen S (ed.), The maladapted mind: classic readings in evolutionary psychopathology, East Sussex: Psychology Press, pp. 1–22, ISBN 0-86377-460-1, retrieved 21 January 2011
- Nesse, R. M., & Williams, G. C. (1999). "Research designs that address evolutionary questions about medical disorders." In S. Stearns (Ed.), Evolution in Health and Disease (pp. 16–26). New York: Oxford University Press.
- "Is the market on Prozac?", February 28, 2000 Stanford University Press
- Nesse R. M. (2000). "Is Depression an Adaptation?" (PDF). Arch Gen Psychiatry. 57 (1): 14–20. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.57.1.14. PMID 10632228.
- Keller M.C., Nesse R.M. (2005). "Is low mood an adaptation? Evidence for subtypes with symptoms that match precipitants" (PDF). Journal of Affective Disorders. 86 (1): 27–35. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2004.12.005. PMID 15820268.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Randolph Nesse.|