Randolph Turpin

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Randolph Turpin
Real name Randolph Adolphus Turpin
Nickname(s) The Leamington Licker
Weight(s) Middleweight
Light heavyweight
Height 5 ft 9 12 in (1.77 m)
Reach 74 12 in (189 cm)
Nationality English
Born (1928-06-07)7 June 1928
Leamington, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom
Died 17 May 1966(1966-05-17) (aged 37)
Leamington, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom
Stance Orthodox
Boxing record
Total fights 75
Wins 66
Wins by KO 45
Losses 8
Draws 1
No contests 0

Randolph Adolphus Turpin (7 June 1928 – 17 May 1966), better known as Randolph Turpin, and in the United States also as Randy Turpin, was the undisputed Middleweight Champion of the World. Turpin was an English boxer who was considered by some to be Europe's best middleweight boxer of the 1940s and 1950s. In 1951 he became world middleweight champion when he defeated Sugar Ray Robinson. Turpin was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 2001.

Statue of Randolph Turpin in Market Square, Warwick, Warwickshire, England


Born in Leamington Spa, Warwickshire, to a black father Lionel who was born in British Guyana in 1886, and died within a year of Randolph's birth, having never recovered from injuries suffered in a gas attack during the battle of the Somme, leaving his mother Beatrice (née Whitehouse, 1904–1974), to raise four children.[1] He started, like his brother Dick, to be trained in the art of boxing at Leamington Boys' Club.[2]

Turpin turned professional in London in 1946, soon after his 18th birthday. Trained by his elder brother Dick, who himself was a successful middleweight, Randolph knocked out Gordon Griffiths in his first bout. Turpin put together a string of 16 wins in a row, all over the United Kingdom, until drawing with Mark Hart over six rounds in his last bout of 1947.

Three wins later, he found himself facing Albert Finch who inflicted on Turpin his first defeat, an 8-round-decision loss. After one more win he lost again, knocked out in five rounds by Jean Stock in London.

Turpin was determined not to lose again after the Stock defeat, and put together another string of wins which reached 12 (including a four-round disqualification win against William Poli). Rematched with Finch, this time with the British middleweight title on the line, Turpin avenged his first loss and won his first championship by knocking out Finch in five rounds on 17 October 1950 at Harringay Arena.

Three more wins followed, including a disqualification win in eight rounds against important challenger Tommy Yarosz. He then met European middleweight champion Luc Van Dam in London, whom he knocked out in the first round to seize the European championship.

Four wins followed after that, including a rematch with Stock, against whom he avenged his second defeat, knocking him out in five rounds. Then World Middleweight champion Sugar Ray Robinson travelled to London and, on 10 July 1951, risked his title against Turpin, who won the world title by beating Robinson on a 15-round decision.[3]

Turpin became an instant national hero.[4] His win over Robinson gave him such celebrity that even many people who were not boxing fans knew who he was. When he signed for a rematch with Robinson and chose Gwrych Castle near Abergele in North Wales to train, the castle was constantly hounded by fans and tourists.[2]

His days as a world champion did not last long, however, and when he made his first trip outside his homeland for a fight, he lost his crown to Robinson by a tenth-round TKO with eight seconds left in the round at the Polo Grounds in New York on 12 September 1951.[citation needed]

He tried to regain his former status and, three fights later, beat Don Cockell in 11 rounds by a knockout to win the British Commonwealth light-heavyweight title.[citation needed]

Retirement and suicide[edit]

According to articles, reports and a biography, Turpin couldn't deal with the obscurity resulting from the loss of his crown. In Llandudno in Wales, he bought a public house on the Great Orme, which today retains several genuine artefacts from his career. Between 1952 and 1961, he was the registered licensee.[5]

After being declared bankrupt and attempting to murder his 17 month old daughter, Turpin committed suicide by shooting himself in May 1966.[6]

On 17 May 1966 he was found dead in his home Gwen's Transport Cafe in Leamington Spa, where he lived with his wife and four daughters. One of his daughters, Carmen aged four, was taken to hospital in Birmingham with two gun shot wounds and survived.[7]


Turpin was inducted as a member of the International Boxing Hall Of Fame in Canastota, New York in 2001. There is a statue of him in Market Square, Warwick.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Frith, David (2001). Silence of the Heart - Cricket Suicides. Edinburgh, Scotland: Mainstream Publishing. p. 18. ISBN 184018406X.
  2. ^ a b "Glove signed by Leamington boxer Randolph Turpin to be auctioned". leamingtoncourier.co.uk. 2009-06-24. Retrieved 2009-06-30.
  3. ^ "The Lineal Middleweight Champions". The Cyber Boxing Zone Encyclopedia.
  4. ^ Clayton Goodwin, "The Legend Of Sugar Ray Robinson", New African Magazine, 5 October 2011.
  5. ^ Welcome to Llandudno
  6. ^ "Randy Turpin". Retrieved 21 April 2009.
  7. ^ "Randolph Turpin found dead". News. The Times (56634). London. 18 May 1966. col D, p. 1.

Further reading[edit]

  • James Morton Fighters: The Sad Lives and Deaths of Freddie Mills and Randolph Turpin, Time Warner Paperbacks, 2005. ISBN 0-7515-3321-1
  • Kirk Lake The Last Night of the Leamington Licker, Rough Trade Books, 2018.

External links[edit]

Title last held by
Tiberio Mitri
EBU Middleweight Champion
27 February 1951 – 2 May 1954
Succeeded by
Tiberio Mitri
Preceded by
Sugar Ray Robinson
World Middleweight Champion
10 July 1951 – 12 September 1951
Succeeded by
Sugar Ray Robinson
Titles in pretence
Vacant World Middleweight Champion
BBBC recognition

9 June 1953 – 21 October 1953
Lost bid for undisputed title