Randolph family of Virginia

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The Randolph family is a prominent Virginia political family, whose members contributed to the politics of Colonial Virginia and Virginia after it gained its statehood. They are descended from the Randolphs of Morton Morrell, Warwickshire, England. The first Randolph to come to America was Henry Randolph in 1643.[1] His nephew, William Randolph later came to Virginia as an orphan in 1669. He made his home at Turkey Island along the James River. Because of their numerous progeny, William Randolph and his wife, Mary Isham Randolph, have been referred to as "the Adam and Eve of Virginia." The Randolph family was the wealthiest and most powerful family in 18th Century Virginia.


History[edit]

Colonial Virginia[edit]

In 1663, Henry Randolph I built Swift Creek Mill (widely believed to be one of the first grist mills in the United States]][2][3] )

William Randolph was a Virginia Burgess for Henrico County and later Speaker of the Virginia House of Burgesses. He was a founding trustee of The College of William and Mary.

Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe and William Randolph II, sons of William Randolph, were Virginia Burgesses for Henrico County in 1720 and 1722.[4]

Sir John Randolph, son of William Randolph, was a Speaker of the House of Burgesses, and later Deputy Attorney General for Charles City County, Prince George County, and Henrico County.[5]

Revolutionary War era[edit]

Peyton Randolph, son of Sir John Randolph, was a speaker of the Virginia House of Burgesses, chairman of the Virginia Conventions, and the first President of the Continental Congress.[6][7]

Beverley Randolph, grandson of William Randolph, was a Virginia Delegate for Henrico County from 1777 to 1780 and the 8th Governor of Virginia, the first after the US Constitution was ratified.[8]

Edmund Randolph, grandson of Sir John Randolph, was an aid-de-camp to George Washington in the American Revolutionary War. He was afterward seventh Governor of Virginia, the second Secretary of State, and the first United States Attorney General.

Thomas Jefferson, great-grandson of William Randolph, was a Virginia Burgess for Albemarle County and the principal author of the Declaration of Independence. At the beginning of the American Revolution he was a delegate to the Continental Congress for Virginia, also serving as a wartime Governor of Virginia. Just after the war ended, from mid-1784 Jefferson served as a diplomat to Paris and became the United States Minister to France. He was the first United States Secretary of State (1790–1793) serving under President George Washington. He was the 2nd Vice President, under John Adams, and 3rd President of the United States, during which he oversaw the Louisiana Purchase, leading the United States to double in size during his presidency. In later years he founded the University of Virginia.

John Marshall, great-grandson of Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe, was the 4th Chief Justice of the United States. His court opinions helped lay the basis for United States constitutional law and made the Supreme Court of the United States a coequal branch of government along with the legislative and executive branches. Previously, he had been a leader of the Federalist Party in Virginia and served as a US Representative. He was Secretary of State under President John Adams from 1800 to 1801.[9]

"Light Horse Harry" Lee, great-grandson of William Randolph was an early American patriot who served as the ninth Governor of Virginia and as the Virginia Representative to the United States Congress. During the American Revolution, Lee served as a cavalry officer in the Continental Army.[10][11]

Antebellum era[edit]

Thomas Mann Randolph Jr., 2nd great grandson of William Randolph, was a member of both houses of the Virginia General Assembly, a Representative in the U.S. Congress, and as the 21st Governor of Virginia, from 1819 to 1822.

Civil War era[edit]

Robert E. Lee, 2nd great grandson of William Randolph, was an American career military officer best known for having commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War. In postbellum years he was president of Washington College (later Washington and Lee University).

George W. Randolph, 3rd great grandson of William Randolph, was a general officer in the American Civil War and a Confederate States Secretary of War. He was most well known for his strengthening the Confederacy's western and southern defenses, but came into conflict with Confederate President Jefferson Davis over this.[12]

Plantations[edit]

The family’s wealth was based on four large plantations on the James River, acquired by William Randolph: Turkey Island (which he began assembling after his arrival around 1668), Curles (purchased from the colonial government), Tuckahoe and Dungeness (the result of two large land grants around 1700).

Turkey Island was given its name by the first explorers of the James River, who noted that it contained a large population of wild turkeys. The term can refer to the surrounding area as well as the island. William Randolph's residence overlooked Turkey Island, and he is buried near the site of the house.[13]

Curles (Curles Neck) Plantation is west of Turkey Island. It was owned by Nathaniel Bacon, who rebelled against the governor in 1676. The property was forfeited to the colonial government and William Randolph purchased it.

Tuckahoe was the Native American name for an edible water plant. It became a pejorative reference for members of elite Tidewater society. It is likely that the cultural term tuckahoe derives from Tuckahoe Plantation, established by William Randolph's son, Thomas. Tuckahoe is the only remaining intact plantation of William's sons.

Dungeness is the headland of a shingle beach in Kent, England, which must be rounded to approach the Thames Estuary. The founder of Dungeness Plantation, Isham Randolph, spent several years of his adult life as a ship's captain, and therefore was familiar with the feature. The name may have been chosen to evoke the drama of a turning point in a long voyage. The similar headland at the western tip of Cornwall, Land's End, has inspired the names of several enterprises, including two plantations.

Bremo was the name for a tract between Turkey Island and Curles plantations The name comes from a Germanic word meaning "edge", in this case the edge of a river. The root also occurs in the English word "brim". The extant Bremo Plantation was established in the early 19th century in Fluvanna County, far to the west.

These plantations are shown on the 1751 Fry-Jefferson map.

Historic homes[edit]

Historic homes associated with the family include Tuckahoe in Goochland and Henrico counties, the Peyton Randolph House in Williamsburg, the Wilton House Museum and the John Marshall House in Richmond, Monticello near Charlottesville, Stratford Hall in Westmoreland, Brandon Plantation in Prince George and Burgh Westra in Gloucester, Virginia .

Freed slaves[edit]

Randolphs who freed slaves and fought Virginia's growing dependence on the "peculiar institution" in the early Republic are less known, but include Richard Randolph of Bizarre and Anne Cary Randolph Morris, who later married founding father (and anti-slavery advocate) Gouverneur Morris of New York)[14] Jacob Randolph of Isle of Wight County, Virginia, freed 13 slaves in 1783.[15]

John Randolph of Roanoke freed nearly 400 slaves in his will, probated in 1833 and upheld more than a decade later.[16][17][18]

Other connections[edit]

Members of the Randolph family also intermarried with other prominent Virginia families, including the Blands, Byrds, Carters, Beverleys, Fitzhughs, and Harrisons. Native American princess Pocahontas was directly related to members of the Randolph family through marriages of Robert Bolling's two granddaughters, Lucille and Jane Bolling. Some evidence suggests[citation needed] that the famous legendary hero, BGray Randolph, and famous American frontiersman, politician and hero Davy Crockett were in fact of Randolph descent. Actor Lee Marvin and actress and producer Kimberley Kates are also Randolph descendants, in her case through her paternal grandmother. World War I fighter ace Hamilton Coolidge was a direct descendant of the marriage of a Randolph and the daughter of U.S. President Thomas Jefferson.

In 1926, Jessie Harlan Lincoln, the granddaughter of Abraham Lincoln married her third husband, Robert John Randolph of this Randolph family.[19] Her later two marriages did not produce any more children.

Today, many Randolph descendants continue the family's political tradition in the United States.[citation needed]

Family connection (listed by ancestry/generation)[edit]

  • William Randolph (1650–1711), ∞ 1675 : Mary Isham (1659–1735)
    • William Randolph II (1681–1741), ∞ 1705 : Elizabeth Beverley (1691–1723)
    • Thomas Randolph (1683–1729), ∞ 1710 : Judith Churchill (died 1712); ∞ 1712 : Judith Fleming
      • William Randolph (1712–1746), ∞ 1735 : Maria Judith Page (died 1743)
        • Thomas Mann Randolph (1741–1793), ∞ 1761 : Anne Cary (1745–1789)
          • Mary Randolph (1762–1828), ∞ 1780 : David Meade Randolph (1758–1830)
          • Elizabeth Randolph (1765-1791) ∞ 1784 : Robert Pleasants, Jr. (1767-1796)
          • Thomas Mann Randolph, Jr., 21st Governor of Virginia (1768–1828), ∞ 1790 : Martha Jefferson (1772–1836)
            • Anne Cary Randolph (1791-1826) ∞ 1808 : Charles Lewis Bankhead (1788-1835)
              • John Warner Bankhead (1810-1896)
              • Thomas Mann Randolph Bankhead (1811-1857)
              • Ellen Wayles Randolph Bankhead (1813-1838)
              • William Stuart Bankhead (1826-1898)
            • Thomas Jefferson Randolph I (1792–1875), ∞ 1815 : Jane Hollins Nicholas (1798-1871)
              • Margaret Smith Randolph (1816–1842), ∞ 1839 : William Mann Randolph (1815–1850)
              • Thomas Jefferson Randolph II (1829-1872), ∞ 1865 : Charlotte Nelson Meriwether (1834-1877)
                • Mary Walker Randolph (1866–1957), ∞ 1894 : William Mann Randolph (1869–1944)
              • Jane Nicholas Randolph (1831–1868), ∞ 1854 : Robert Garlick Hill Kean (1828–1898)
                • Lancelot Minor Kean (1856-1931), ∞ 1880 : Elizabeth Tucker "Lizzie" Prescott (1854-1902); ∞ 1911 : Martha Foster Murphy (1879-1966)
                  • Jane Randolph Kean (1881-1948) ∞ 1903 : John Samuel Butler, Jr. (1861-1916)
                  • Mary Evalina Sanfrosa Prescott Kean (1891-1988) ∞ 1927 : Constant Southworth (1894-1984)
                  • Elizabeth Caroline Hill Kean (1896-1969) ∞ 1920 : Raymond Henry Campbell (1893-1969)
                  • James Louis Randolph Kean (1913-1988) ∞ 1940 : Mary Louise McCarter (1914-1984)
                • Martha Cary (Pattie) Kean (1858-1939) ∞ 1882 : John Speed Morris (1855-1928)
                • Gen. Jefferson Randolph Kean MD (1860-1950) ∞ 1894 : Louise Hurlbut Young (1877-1915)
                • Robert Garlick Hill Kean (1862-1883)
            • Ellen Wayles Randolph (1796–1876), ∞ 1825 : Joseph Coolidge (1798–1879)
            • Cornelia Jefferson Randolph (1799-1871)
            • Virginia Jefferson Randolph (1801–1882), ∞ 1824 : Nicholas Philip Trist (1800–1874)
              • Martha Jefferson Trist (1826-1915)
              • Thomas Jefferson Trist (1828-1890)
              • Dr. Hore Browse Trist (1832-1896) ∞ 1861 : Anna Mary Waring
            • Mary Jefferson Randolph (1803-1876)
            • James Madison Randolph (1806-1834)
            • Dr. Benjamin Franklin Randolph (1808-1871) ∞ 1834 : Sarah (Sally) Carter (1810-1896)
              • Isaetta Carter Randolph (1836-1888)
              • Lewis Carter Randolph (1838-1887)
              • Robert Mann Randolph (1851-1927)
            • Meriwether Lewis Randolph (1810-1837)
            • Septimia Anne Randolph (1814-1887)
            • George Wythe Randolph (1816–1867), ∞ 1852 : Mary Elizabeth Adams Pope (1830–1871)
          • William Randolph (1770–1848), ∞ 1792 : Lucy Bolling Randolph (1774–1841)
            • Thomas Beverley Randolph (1792-1867), ∞ : Maria Barbara Mayer (1794-1859)
            • William Fitzhugh Randolph (1796–1859), ∞ 1817 : Jane Cary Harrison (1797–1883)
              • William Eston Randolph (1820–1898), ∞ 1853 : Sarah Lavinia Epes (1833–1860)
                • Epes Randolph (1856–1921), ∞ : Eleanor Taylor (1886–1921)
              • Beverley Randolph (1823–1903), ∞ : Mary Conway Randolph (1825–1905)
                • William Fitzhugh Randolph (1856–1915), ∞ 1881 : Rebecca Rosalie O'Fallon (1861–1935)
                  • Percy Charrington Randolph (1898–1958), ∞ 1921 : Jean McNeill Carson (1903–1989)
          • Anne Cary Randolph (1774–1837), ∞ 1809 : Gouverneur Morris (1752–1816)
            • Gouverneur Morris Jr. (1813–1883), ∞ 1842 : Martha Jefferson Cary (1820–1873); ∞ 1876 : Anna Elliot Morris (1829–1884)
              • Gouverneur Morris III (1844–1897), ∞ 1873 : Henrietta Hine Baldwin (died 1924)
              • Anne Cary Morris (1847-1926), ∞ 1892 : Alfred Percival Maudslay (1850-1931)
          • John Mann Randolph (1779–1834), ∞ 1804 : Judith Archer Lewis (1781–1868)
            • William Mann Randolph (1815–1850), ∞ 1839 : Margaret Smith Randolph (1816–1842)
              • Jane Margaret Randolph (1840-1914), ∞ : Edward Clifford Anderson (1839-1876)
              • William Lewis Randolph (1842–1892), ∞ 1866 : Agnes Dillon (1846–1880); ∞ : Margaret Randolph Taylor (1843–1898)
                • William Mann Randolph (1869–1944), ∞ 1894 : Mary Walker Randolph (1866–1957)
          • Harriet Randolph (1783–1859), ∞ 1803 : Richard Shippey Hackley (1770–1843)
            • Harriet Randolph Hackley (1810–1880), ∞ 1832 : Andrew Talcott (1797–1883)
              • Charles Gratiot Talcott (1834–1867), ∞ 1858 : Theodosia Lawrence Barnard (1838–1923)
                • Lucia Beverly Talcott (1865–1944), ∞ 1890 : Herman Hollerith (1860–1929)
            • Martha Jefferson Hackley (born 1824), ∞ : Richard Dominicus Cutts (1817-1883)
          • Virginia Randolph (1786–1852), ∞ 1805 : Wilson Jefferson Cary (1783–1823)
      • Judith Randolph (born 1724), ∞ 1744 : William John Stith (1707–1755)
      • Mary Isham Randolph (1718–1772), ∞ 1733 : James Keith (1696–1752)
        • Mary Randolph Keith (1737–1809), ∞ 1754 : Thomas Marshall (1730–1802)
          • John Curtis Marshall (1755–1835), ∞ 1783 : Mary Willis Ambler (1766–1831)
            • Thomas Marshall (1784–1835), ∞ 1809 : Margaret Wardrop Lewis (1792–1829)
              • Fielding Lewis Marshall (1819–1902), ∞ 1843 : Rebecca Frances Coke (1824–1862); ∞ 1867 : Mary Newton (1842–1928)
                • Richard Coke Marshall (1844–1914), ∞ 1865 : Mary Catherine Wilson (1843–1891)
                  • Rebecca Coke Marshall (1868–1963), ∞ 1893 : Marion Lewis Marshall (1867–1925)
            • Jaquelin Ambler Marshall (1787–1852), ∞ 1819 : Eliza Letitia Steptoe Clarkson (1798–1868)
              • Eliza Clarkson Marshall (1827-1868), ∞ 1850 : Harrison Robertson (1822-1908)
                • Harrison Robertson (1865-1938), ∞ : Mary Longley Vawter (1867-1944)
                  • Harrison Marshall Robertson (1892-1958), ∞ 1917 : Mary MacKenzie (born 1897)
                    • Mary Bowie Robertson (1929-2016), ∞ 1953 : Chapin Carpenter (1928-2011)
              • Jaquelin Ambler Marshall (1829–1909), ∞ 1856 : Rebecca Peyton Marshall (1833–1895)
                • Marion Lewis Marshall (1867–1925), ∞ 1893 : Rebecca Coke Marshall (1868–1963)
            • Edward Carrington Marshall (1805–1882), ∞ 1829 : Rebecca Courtenay Peyton (1810–1888)
              • Rebecca Peyton Marshall (1833–1895), ∞ 1856 : Jaquelin Ambler Marshall (1829–1909)
              • James Keith Marshall (1839–1863)
          • Anna Maria Marshall (1757–1824), ∞ 1784 : Humphrey Marshall (1760–1841)
          • Thomas Marshall (1761–1830), ∞ 1783 : Susannah Adams (died 1788); ∞ 1790 : Frances Maitland Kennon (1772–1833)
          • James Markham Marshall (1764–1848), ∞ : Hester Morris (1774–1816)
          • Charles Fleming Marshall (1767–1805), ∞ 1787 : Lucy Pickett (1767–1825)
            • Anna Maria Marshall (1788–1823), ∞ 1806 : William Strother Jones II (1743–1845)
              • Frances Lucy Mary Ann Margaret Jones (1808–1890), ∞ 1828 : David Walker Barton (1801–1863)
                • Randolph Jones Barton (1844–1921), ∞ 1870 : Agnes Priscilla Kirkland (1849–1930)
                  • Randolph Jones Barton (1871–1955), ∞ 1902 : Eleanor Addison Morison (1881–1956)
            • Alexander John Marshall (1803–1882), ∞ 1827 : Maria Rose Taylor (1808–1844)
          • Louis Marshall (1773–1866), ∞ 1800 : Agatha Smith (1780–1844)
          • Nancy Marshall (1781–1860), ∞ 1803 : Joseph Hamilton Daveiss (1774–1811)
        • Elizabeth Keith (1745–1821), ∞ 1766 : Edward Ford (1738–1814)
    • Isham Randolph (1684–1742), ∞ 1717 : Jane Lilburne Susan Rogers (1698–1761)
      • Jane Randolph (1721–1776), ∞ 1739 : Peter Jefferson (1708–1757)
      • Mary Randolph (1723–1803), ∞ 1746 : Charles Lewis (1721–1782)
      • William Randolph (1727–1791), ∞ 1761 : Elizabeth Little
      • Thomas Isham Randolph (1728–1768), ∞ 1768 : Jane Cary (1751–1774)
        • Archibald Cary Randolph (1769–1813), ∞ 1797 : Lucy Burwell (1777–1810)
          • Phillip Grymes Randolph (1801–1836), ∞ 1824 : Mary O'Neale
            • Mary Conway Randolph (1825–1905), ∞ 1847 : Beverley Randolph (1823–1903)
          • Susan Grymes Randolph (1803-1858), ∞ : Robert Powell Page (1794-1849)
          • Robert Carter Randolph (1807–1887), ∞ 1830 : Lucy Nelson Wellford (1810–1882)
        • Mary Isham Randolph (1773–1835), ∞ 1790 : Randolph Harrison (1769–1839)
      • Dorothea Randolph (1732–1794), ∞ 1751 : John Woodson (1730–1789)
        • Josiah Woodson (1758–1817), ∞ 1778 : Elizabeth Woodson (1759–1797)
      • Ann Randolph (1732–1824), ∞ 1765 : James Pleasants (1738–1824)
      • Susannah Randolph (1738–1806), ∞ 1760 : Carter Henry Harrison I (1736–1793)
        • Robert Carter Harrison (1765–1840), ∞ 1788 : Ann Cabell (1770–1840)
          • Carter Henry Harrison II (1796–1825), ∞ 1822 : Caroline Evaline Russell (1797–1875)
        • Randolph Harrison (1769–1839), ∞ 1790 : Mary Isham Randolph (1773–1835)
          • Thomas Harrison (1791-1833), ∞ : Eliza Cunningham (1795-1869)
            • Randolph Harrison (1831-1896), ∞ : Eliza Rootes Thompson (1841-1900)
          • Carter Henry Harrison (1792–1843), ∞ 1819 : Janetta Ravenscroft Fisher (1802–1886)
            • Carter Henry Harrison (1831–1861), ∞ 1852 : Alice Burwell Williams (1827–1896)
              • John Williams Harrison (1857–1918), ∞ 1891 : Mary Kennedy Willson (1863–1929)
                • Randolph Carter Harrison (1894–1984), ∞ 1923 : Mary McCaw Hawes (1898–1970)
          • Jane Cary Harrison (1797–1883), ∞ 1817 : William Fitzhugh Randolph (1796–1859)
    • Richard Randolph (1686–1741), ∞ : Jane Bolling (1703–1766), owner of Curles Neck Plantation
      • Richard Randolph II (1725–1786), ∞ 1750 : Anne Meade (1725–1814)
        • David Meade Randolph (1758–1830), ∞ 1780 : Mary Randolph (1762–1828)
          • William Beverley Randolph (1790–1868), ∞ 1816 : Sarah Lingan (1794–1877)
        • Susanna Randolph (1738–1806), ∞ 1776 : Benjamin Harrison VI (1755–1799), owner of Berkeley Plantation
      • Mary Randolph (1727–1781), ∞ 1744 : Archibald Cary (1721–1787)
        • Anne Cary (1745–1789), ∞ 1761 : Thomas Mann Randolph (1741–1793)
        • Jane Cary (1751–1774), ∞ 1768 : Thomas Isham Randolph (1728–1768)
        • Elizabeth Cary (1760-1775), ∞ : Robert Kincaid (1751-1801)
          • Frances Cary Kincaid, ∞ : William Howard
            • Jane Elizabeth Howard, ∞ : Elijah Greene
              • Frances Cary Greene (1831-1897), ∞ : Robert Newton Sledd (1833-1899)
      • Elizabeth Randolph (1736–1773), ∞ 1765 : Richard Kidder Meade (1746–1805)
      • John Randolph (1742–1775), ∞ 1769 : Frances Bland (1752–1788)
    • Henry Randolph (born 1687)
    • John Randolph (1693–1737), ∞ 1718 : Susanna Beverley (1692–1754)
      • Peyton Randolph (1721–1775), ∞ 1746 : Elizabeth Harrison (1723–1783)
      • John Randolph (1727–1784), ∞ 1750 : Ariana Jennings (1730–1801)
      • Mary Randolph (1729–1768), ∞ 1741 : Philip Grymes (1720–1762)
        • Lucy Grymes (1743–1830), ∞ 1762 : Thomas Nelson, Jr., 4th Governor of Virginia (1738–1789)
          • Francis Nelson (1767–1832), ∞ 1792 : Lucy Page (1770–1834)
            • Jane Byrd Nelson (1795–1834), ∞ 1819 : John Page (1792–1853)
          • Hugh Nelson (1768–1836), ∞ 1799 : Elizabeth Kinloch (1781–1834)
            • Keating Lewis Simmons Nelson (1819–1898), ∞ 1841 : Julia Ann Rogers (born 1825)
          • Mary Nelson (born 1774), ∞ : Robert Carter (1771–1805)
            • Thomas Nelson Carter (1800–1883), ∞ : Juliet Muse Gaines (1806–1836)
          • Judith Nelson (1782–1869), ∞ 1804 : Thomas Nelson (1770–1859)
            • Elizabeth Burwell Nelson (1821–1912), ∞ : John Page (1821–1901)
          • Susanna Nelson (1785–1850), ∞ 1806 : Francis Page (1781–1831)
            • John Page (1821–1901), ∞ : Elizabeth Burwell Nelson (1821–1912)
        • John Randolph Grymes (1745–1805), ∞ 1778 : Susannah Beverley Randolph (1755–1791)
          • Mary Beverley Grymes (1782–1859), ∞ 1809 : Robert West (1780–1817); ∞ 1823 : Peter Francisco (1760–1831)
            • Anna Maria West (1814–1887), ∞ 1836 : Joseph Carper (1812–1864)
              • Willie Ariana Carper (1845–1906), ∞ 1866 : William Bennett Bean (1835–1915)
    • Edward Randolph (1690–1756), ∞ 1715 : Elizabeth Grosvenor (1697–1729)
      • Edward Randolph (1718–1757), ∞ 1745 : Lucy Harrison (1728–1793)
        • Harrison Randolph (1758–1833), ∞ 1779 : Elizabeth Starke (1766–1786)
          • Edward Randolph (1780–1827), ∞ 1805 : Margaret Stephenson Turnbull
            • John Feild Randolph (1825–1880), ∞ : Virginia Dashiell Bayard
      • Elizabeth Randolph (1724–1783), ∞ 1745 : William Yates (1720–1764); ∞ 1783 : Theodorick Bland (1708–1784)
      • Mary Randolph (born 1729), ∞ : Robert Yates (1715–1761)
        • Catherine Randolph Yates (1760–1831), ∞ 1777 : John Thornton (1740–1780); ∞ 1781 : Robert Wellford (1753–1823)
          • John Spotswood Wellford (1783–1846), ∞ 1807 : Frances Page Nelson (1787–1815); ∞ : Janet Henderson (died 1860)
          • Beverley Randolph Wellford (1797–1870)
    • Mary Randolph (born 1663), ∞ 1685 : John Stith (1658–1724)
      • John Stith (1698–1758), ∞ 1715 : Elizabeth Anderson (born 1700)
        • Anderson Stith (1724–1768), ∞ 1764 : Joanna Bassett (1739–1817)
          • Bassett Stith (1765–1816), ∞ 1790 : Mary Long (born 1768)
      • William John Stith (1707–1755), ∞ 1744 : Judith Randolph (born 1724)
      • Mary Randolph Stith (born 1727), ∞ : William Dawson (1704–1752)
    • Elizabeth Randolph (1685–1719), ∞ : Richard Bland (1665–1720)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Randolph, Grady Lee (1990). The Randolph's of Virginia. Atlanta, GA: G.L. Randolph. 
  2. ^ "Chesterfield Monthly : Looking Back". Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  3. ^ "History". Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  4. ^ Sorley, Merrow Egerton (2000) [1935]. "Chapter 33: Families Related to the Lewis Family". Lewis of Warner Hall: The History of a Family. Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co. p. 832. ISBN 9780806308319. 
  5. ^ "Sir John Randolph". Williamsburg, Virginia: The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Retrieved November 13, 2010. 
  6. ^ Clines, Francis X. (17 May 2002). "Williamsburg Journal; Where the Past Lives, Undisturbed by the Present". Retrieved 31 July 2016 – via NYTimes.com. 
  7. ^ "Travel". Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  8. ^ Randolph, Robert Isham (1936). The Randolphs of Virginia: A Compilation of the Descendants of William Randolph of Turkey Island and His Wife Mary Isham Of Bermuda Hundred (PDF). 
  9. ^ "Federal Judicial Center: John Marshall". 2009-12-12. Retrieved 2009-12-12. 
  10. ^ In the military parlance of the time, the term "Light-horse" had a hyphen between the two words "light" and "horse". See the title page of "The Discipline of the Light-Horse" by Captain Robert Hinde of the Royal Regiment of Foresters (Light-Dragoons) published in London in 1778.
  11. ^ Hinde, Captain Robert (1778), Discipline of the Light-Horse, London: W.Owen, retrieved 20 August 2010 
  12. ^ Goldberg, David E. "George Wythe Randolph (1818–1867).", Encyclopedia Virginia, Ed. Brendan Wolfe. 6 Apr. 2011. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, accessed 6 April 2011
  13. ^ Sankey, Margaret D. “Randolph, William (1650–1711), colonist in America”
  14. ^ http://www.humanitiesweb.org/spa/slc/ID/1374/o/blank
  15. ^ "Virginia Slaves Freed in Virginia after 1782". Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  16. ^ "婚活最前線". Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  17. ^ F.N. Watkins, "The Randolph Emancipated Slaves," DeBow's Review, XXIV, 285–290
  18. ^ "Shelby County Historical Society - Black History - Randolph Slaves Come to Ohio". Retrieved 31 July 2016. 
  19. ^ Staff (December 30, 1926). "MRS. LINCOLN JOHNSON MARRIES A THIRD TIME". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 March 2016. 

External links[edit]