Randsfjorden Line

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Randsfjorden Line
Randsfjordbanen 1868.jpg
The opening of Randsfjordbanen in 1868
Overview
Type Railway
System Rail transport in Norway
Termini Drammen Station
Randsfjord Station
Operation
Opening 1866 (to Vikersund)
1868 (to Randsfjorden)
Owner Norwegian National Rail Administration
Operator(s) Norwegian State Railways
Character Long-haul passenger traffic
Rolling stock BM 73
Technical
Line length 87 kilometres (54 mi)
No. of tracks 1
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 15 kV 16 23 Hz AC
Route map
142.41 km Randsfjord Station(1868) 141.4 m asl
Styggdal(1931)
140.15 km Hen end point
branch line to Norema
138.40 km Eggemoen(1944)
136.98 km Marigård(1931)
Vågård(1930)
branch line to Østlandske Spennbetong
Geiteryggen(1944)
branch line to Østlandske Spennbetong
Skytebanen(1931)
branch line to Østlandske Spennbetong
Tabliczka E16.svg
branch line to Hensmoen
branch line to Hen grustak
Sperillbanen
branch line
130.92 km Hen Station(1868) 156,7 m asl
Ådalselva(151 m)
Ådalen(1931)
Begna(1931)
Tabliczka E16.svg
Hofsfoss(1931)
Norske Skog Follum
Frydenlund(1931)
SoknedalsveienRv35 (ca. 15 m)
Bergensbanen
124.21 km Hønefoss Station(1868) 96.8 m asl
Roa-Hønefossbanen
Nyveien underpass(1931)
Tolpinrud(1953)
Tabliczka E16.svg (ca. 100 m)
Pålsgård broovergang(1931)
Bjerke Bridgeover Sogna and Rv35 (173.8 m)
118.03 km Ask(1868) 68.6 m asl
Muggerud(1932)
Egge(1931)
Veholt(1931)
Maurerud(1932)
112.31 km Tangen(1946)
Støa(1931)
Skjærdalen(56 m)
110.68 km Tyristrand(1867) 78.9 m asl
109.66 km Hagabru(1931)
Haugstangen(1931)
Mitten(1931)
105.19 km Nakkerud(1874) 74.2 m asl
Henoa(ca. 20 m)
Fjellstangen(1931)
Lerskallen(1950)
Ås(1931)
101,37 km Drolsum(1903) 83.7 m asl
Tørhaug(1931)
Hervik(1931)
Krøderbanen (Heritage railway)
95.91 km Vikersund Station(1866) 67.1 m asl
Rv284
91.45 km Geithus(1875) 66.2 m asl
Rv35
Kattfoss bruover Drammenselva (132.5 m)
90.35 km Kattfoss(1956)
88.60 km Linnerud(1953)
Rv287
85.37 km Åmot(1866) 22.7 m asl
Døvikfoss bruover Drammenselva (103 m)
81.89 km Hassel(1961)
79.78 km Skotselv(1866) 17.1 m asl
Bingselva(129 m)
75.20 km Burud(1875) 4.6 m asl
Hellefoss(1932)
Hoenselva(112,5 m)
to Sørlandsbanen
Vestre BrugateRv35 (ca. 20 m)
70.22 km Hokksund Station(1866) 8.0 m asl
Vestfosselva(25 m)
industrial line
Loselva(20 m)
67.00 km Steinberg Station(1906) 5.4 m asl
Tabliczka E134.svg (85 m)
64,03 km Mjøndalen Station(1866) 5.2 m asl
Tabliczka E134.svg (26 m)
branch line to Rygkollen grustak
DalerovergangenFv35
59.89 km Daler(1966)
57.13 km Pukerud(1915) 7.2 m asl
55.27 km Gulskogen Station(1868) 8.0 m asl
54.00 km Sundland skiftestasjon
Vestfoldbanen
Nybyen freight terminal
Kreftings gateRv282 (ca. 40 m)
52.86 km Drammen Station(1866) 2.2 m asl
Drammenbanen

The Randsfjorden Line (Norwegian: Randsfjordbanen) is a 87-kilometer (54 mi) long railway located in Buskerud in Norway connecting Drammen to Hønefoss and Hadeland in Oppland. The railway is primarily used for passenger trains, and the only scheduled trains on the stretch are Norwegian State Railways express trains on the Bergen Line between Oslo and Bergen. Freight trains to Bergen go to Hønefoss via the Gjøvik Line. The railway is owned by the Norwegian National Rail Administration.

The entire line is standard gauge, and the 71 kilometers (44 mi) from Drammen to Hønefoss is electrified at 15 kV 16 23 Hz AC. The remaining 16 kilometers (9.9 mi) from Hønefoss to Randsfjorden is not electrified and currently disused.[1] The line gets its name from the lake Randsfjorden.

History[edit]

On 11 June 1857, railway director Carl Abraham Pihl was demanded by a Royal Decree to instruct a terrain investigation of the area along the river Drammenselva from Drammen to Randsfjorden.[2] He presented the results of the investigation on 31 May 1858, which concluded that the terrain between Drammen and Randsfjorden was favorable for a rail line.

Pihl thereupon proposed a rail line from Randsfjorden with a branch line to Hen. He argued with forester Thorvald Meiddell, who wanted to construct a channel rather than a rail line. In a meeting on 12 September 1859 in the Drammen chairmanship, the rail line solution was decided upon.[3] On 6 March 1863, the final decision was made, with six against three votes. It was also decided to make a government loan of NOK 2,32 million. Parliament passed the construction of the rail line on 11 June 1863, with 65 against 44 votes.[4]

The construction of the Randsfjord Line was begun on 4 December 1863, and, on 1 September 1866, the line was finished to Vikersund.[4] Two years later, the entire line to Randsfjord Station was opened. A celebration took place at the station, where King Charles XV with his family took part.[4]

On 1 December 1867 Skjærdalen and Tyristrand were connected to the line and finally on 12 October 1868 Hønefoss Station opened and the line could stretch all the way to Randsfjorden. The line was the fifth railway line to be built in Norway. When the Bergen Line was built a new line between Roa on Gjøvikbanen and Hønefoss was opened in 1909, providing two different lines between Hønefoss and Oslo.

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