Randsfjorden Line

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Randsfjorden Line
Randsfjordbanen 1868.jpg
The opening of Randsfjordbanen in 1868
Overview
Native nameRandsfjordbanen
TypeRailway
SystemRail transport in Norway
TerminiDrammen Station
Randsfjord Station
Operation
Opened1866 (to Vikersund)
1868 (to Randsfjorden)
OwnerNorwegian National Rail Administration
Operator(s)Norwegian State Railways
CharacterLong-haul passenger traffic
Rolling stockBM 73
Technical
Line length87 kilometres (54 mi)
Number of tracks1
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification15 kV 16.7 Hz AC
Operating speedMax. 130 km/h (81 mph)
Route map
-
142.41 km Randsfjord Station
(1868)
141.4 m asl
Styggdal
(1931)
140.15 km Hen end point
branch line to Norema
138.40 km Eggemoen
(1944)
136.98 km Marigård
(1931)
Vågård
(1930)
Geiteryggen
(1944)
branch line to Østlandske Spennbetong
Skytebanen
(1931)
branch line to Østlandske Spennbetong
Tabliczka E16.svg
branch line to Hensmoen
branch line to Hen grustak
branch line
130.92 km Hen Station
(1868)
156,7 m asl
Ådalselva
(151 m)
Ådalen
(1931)
Begna
(1931)
Tabliczka E16.svg
Hofsfoss
(1931)
Norske Skog Follum
Frydenlund
(1931)
Soknedalsveien
Rv35 (ca. 15 m)
124.21 km Hønefoss Station
(1868)
96.8 m asl
Nyveien underpass
(1931)
Tolpinrud
(1953)
Tabliczka E16.svg (ca. 100 m)
Pålsgård broovergang
(1931)
Bjerke Bridge
over Sogna and Rv35 (173.8 m)
118.03 km Ask
(1868)
68.6 m asl
Muggerud
(1932)
Egge
(1931)
Veholt
(1931)
Maurerud
(1932)
112.31 km Tangen
(1946)
Støa
(1931)
Skjærdalen
(56 m)
110.68 km Tyristrand
(1867)
78.9 m asl
109.66 km Hagabru
(1931)
Haugstangen
(1931)
Mitten
(1931)
105.19 km Nakkerud
(1874)
74.2 m asl
Henoa
(ca. 20 m)
Fjellstangen
(1931)
Lerskallen
(1950)
Ås
(1931)
101,37 km Drolsum
(1903)
83.7 m asl
Tørhaug
(1931)
Hervik
(1931)
Krøderbanen (Heritage railway)
95.91 km Vikersund Station
(1866)
67.1 m asl
91.45 km Geithus
(1875)
66.2 m asl
Kattfoss bru
over Drammenselva (132.5 m)
90.35 km Kattfoss
(1956)
88.60 km Linnerud
(1953)
85.37 km Åmot
(1866)
22.7 m asl
Døvikfoss bru
over Drammenselva (103 m)
81.89 km Hassel
(1961)
79.78 km Skotselv
(1866)
17.1 m asl
Bingselva
(129 m)
75.20 km Burud
(1875)
4.6 m asl
Hellefoss
(1932)
Hoenselva
(112,5 m)
Vestre Brugate
Rv35 (ca. 20 m)
70.22 km Hokksund Station
(1866)
8.0 m asl
Vestfosselva
(25 m)
industrial line
Loselva
(20 m)
67.00 km Steinberg Station
(1906)
5.4 m asl
Tabliczka E134.svg (85 m)
64,03 km Mjøndalen Station
(1866)
5.2 m asl
Tabliczka E134.svg (26 m)
branch line to Rygkollen grustak
Dalerovergangen
Fv35
59.89 km Daler
(1966)
57.13 km Pukerud
(1915)
7.2 m asl
55.27 km Gulskogen Station
(1868)
8.0 m asl
54.00 km Sundland skiftestasjon
Nybyen freight terminal
Kreftings gate
Rv282 (ca. 40 m)
52.86 km Drammen Station
(1866)
2.2 m asl
Drammenbanen

The Randsfjorden Line (Norwegian: Randsfjordbanen) is an 87-kilometre-long (54 mi) railway located in Buskerud in Norway connecting Drammen to Hønefoss and Hadeland in Oppland. The railway is primarily used for passenger trains, and the only scheduled trains on the stretch are Norwegian State Railways express trains on the Bergen Line between Oslo and Bergen. Freight trains to Bergen go to Hønefoss via the Gjøvik Line. The railway is owned by the Norwegian National Rail Administration.

The entire line is standard gauge, and the 71 kilometres (44 mi) from Drammen to Hønefoss is electrified at 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC. The remaining 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) from Hønefoss to Randsfjorden is not electrified and currently disused.[1] The line gets its name from the lake Randsfjorden.

History[edit]

On 11 June 1857, railway director Carl Abraham Pihl was demanded by a Royal Decree to instruct a terrain investigation of the area along the river Drammenselva from Drammen to Randsfjorden.[2] He presented the results of the investigation on 31 May 1858, which concluded that the terrain between Drammen and Randsfjorden was favorable for a rail line.

Pihl thereupon proposed a rail line from Randsfjorden with a branch line to Hen. He argued with forester Thorvald Meiddell, who wanted to construct a canal rather than a rail line. In a meeting on 12 September 1859 in the Drammen chairmanship, the rail line solution was decided upon.[3] On 6 March 1863, the final decision was made, with six against three votes. It was also decided to make a government loan of 2,32 million kr. Parliament passed the construction of the rail line on 11 June 1863, with 65 against 44 votes.[4]

The construction of the Randsfjord Line was begun on 4 December 1863, and, on 1 September 1866, the line was finished to Vikersund.[4] Two years later, the entire line to Randsfjord Station was opened. A celebration took place at the station, where King Charles XV with his family took part.[4]

On 1 December 1867 Skjærdalen and Tyristrand were connected to the line and finally on 12 October 1868 Hønefoss Station opened and the line could stretch all the way to Randsfjorden. The line was the fifth railway line to be built in Norway. When the Bergen Line was built a new line between Roa on Gjøvikbanen and Hønefoss was opened in 1909, providing two different lines between Hønefoss and Oslo.

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jernbaneverket. "Nøkkeltall for norske baner" (in Norwegian).
  2. ^ Berntsen, Lund & Lunner 1997, p. 25.
  3. ^ Berntsen, Lund & Lunner 1997, p. 26.
  4. ^ a b c Berntsen, Lund & Lunner 1997, p. 27.

Bibliography[edit]