Ranganath Misra

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Ranganath Misra
Ranganath Mishra.png
21st Chief Justice of India
In office
25 September 1990 – 24 November 1991
Appointed by Ramaswamy Venkataraman
Preceded by Sabyasachi Mukharji
Succeeded by Kamal Narain Singh
1st chairman National Human Rights Commission
In office
12 October 1993 – 24 November 1996
Governor of Odisha
In office
25 June 1982 - 31 August 1982
Preceded by Cheppudira Muthana Poonacha
Succeeded by Cheppudira Muthana Poonacha
Personal details
Born (1926-11-25)25 November 1926
Banapur, Odisha
Died 13 September 2012(2012-09-13) (aged 85)
Bhubaneswar, Odisha
Alma mater Ravenshaw College
Allahabad University

Ranganath Misra (25 November 1926 – 13 September 2012) was as the 21st Chief Justice of India, serving from 25 September 1990 to 24 November 1991. He was also the first chairman of the National Human Rights Commission of India.[1] He also served as Member of Parliament in Rajya Sabha from the Congress Party between 1998-2004.

Background and family[edit]

Ranganath Misra was born on 25 November 1926 in Banapur, Odisha into an Odia Brahmin family. His father, Godavaris Mishra (sometimes spelt Godabarish Misra), was an Odia litterateur and congress politician who became education minister of Orissa state in 1941 while India was still under British rule. In this capacity, Godavaris was instrumental in the founding of Utkal University.

Ranganath was the youngest of three sons. His eldest brother, Lokanath Misra, was a prominent politician belonging to Swatantra Party (led by Rajaji) and later the Janata Party. He served for several terms as a member of the Rajya Sabha (upper house of Indian parliament) and also as governor of Assam and Nagaland. Loknath Misra's son, Pinaki Misra, is a Lok Sabha MP belonging to the Biju Janata Dal. Ranganath's second brother, Raghunath Misra, was a politician belonging to the Congress party who was elected to the Orissa Legislative Assembly from the Banpur constituency. Raghunath's son, Dipak Misra is the current and 45th Chief Justice of India; he took office in August 2017.

Ranganath studied in Banpur High School and P.M. Academy and later at Ravenshaw College and Allahabad University. At a young age, he was married to Sumitra Misra, a lady of his own community and similar background. In 1950, they were blessed with a son, Devananda Misra, who became a lawyer and a senior advocate in the Supreme Court and the Orissa High Court. Devananda died in 2009, aged 59, leaving both his parents bereft with grief.

Legal career[edit]

On 18 September 1950 he got enrolled as advocate of Orissa High Court, Cuttack where he practiced law until 1969 when he was appointed as a Permanent Judge of the Orissa High Court. From 6 November 1980 to 16 January 1981 he was appointed as the acting Chief Justice of Orissa High Court, and from 16 January 1981 he was appointed as the permanent Chief Justice of the Orissa High court. He was then appointed Judge of the Supreme Court of India in 1983. He became the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India on 25 September 1990 and retired on 24 November 1991.

Retirement and death[edit]

He served as the Chief Scout of the All India Boy Scouts Association since 1992.[2] He became the first Chairman of the National Human Rights Commission of India in 1993. He was member of Rajya Sabha from 1998 to 2004 from the Congress Party headed by Sonia Gandhi.[3]

After prolonged illness, Rangnath Misra died on 13 September 2012 at a private hospital in Bhubaneswar. He was survived by his wife Sumitra Misra and grandson Anand Misra.


  1. ^ "Curtain Raiser for Foundation Day on October. 12, 2006". National Human Rights Commission (India). Retrieved 27 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "Law Book Shop". 
  3. ^ "Alphabetical List Of All Members Of Rajya Sabha Since 1952". Retrieved 30 December 2012. Misra Shri Ranganath Odisha INC 02/07/1998 01/07/2004 

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Sabyasachi Mukharji
Chief Justice of India
Succeeded by
Kamal Narain Singh
Preceded by
Cheppudira Muthanna Poonacha
Governor of Odisha
25 June 1982 - 31 August 1982
Succeeded by
Cheppudira Muthanna Poonacha