Ranger's Apprentice

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Ranger's Apprentice

AuthorJohn Flanagan
Country Australia
LanguageEnglish
GenreFantasy, Adventure
Publisher
Published1 November 2004 – 3 October 2011
Media type
  • Print (paperback and hardcover)
  • e-book
No. of books16
Preceded byThe Battle of Hackham Heath (Ranger's Apprentice: The Early Years)
Followed byThe Outcasts (Brotherband)
A New Beginning (Ranger's Apprentice: The Royal Ranger)

Ranger's Apprentice is a series written by Australian author John Flanagan.[1] The first novel in the series, The Ruins of Gorlan, was released in Australia on 1 November 2004. The books were initially released in Australia and New Zealand, though have since been released in 14 other countries. The series follows the adventures of Will, an orphan who is chosen as an apprentice Ranger, skilled trackers, archers and warriors in the service of the King of Araluen. Will strives to keep the Kingdom of Araluen safe from invaders, traitors, and threats. He is joined on his adventures by his mentor Halt and his best friend Horace.

The series originally consisted of twelve books, with the eleventh book being a collection of short stories and the twelfth being a follow-up novel set 16 years later. A prequel series, Ranger's Apprentice: The Early Years,[2] has released two titles, the first in 2015 and the second in 2016. A spin-off series, Brotherband, which is set in the same universe, though with new characters, started in 2011. The eighth book in the Brotherband series came out in October 2019. In 2018 the twelfth book of the Ranger's Apprentice series was renamed and made the first book in a sequel series, Ranger's Apprentice: The Royal Ranger.

The series has sold over three million copies. The series was originally twenty short stories Flanagan wrote for his son to get him interested in reading. Ten years later, Flanagan found the stories again and decided to turn them into a book. BookPeople, a bookstore in Texas, helped promote the book through a five-day camp in 2010. The series is well praised by critics.

Plot[edit]

Apprenticeship[edit]

The Ruins of Gorlan[edit]

Orphan Will, and four other teens (Jenny, Alyss, Horace, and George), are Wards of Castle Redmont. At age 15, the orphans are expected to either become chosen as an apprentice of one of the Craftmasters at Redmont Fief or to work in the fields surrounding the castle. Will is denied apprenticeship by the Battlemaster and other various Craftsmasters, and, instead, Will is selected by Halt to become a Ranger. Rangers are the intelligence force and the unofficial "spies" of Araluen. Halt, a legendary Ranger, trains Will in the skills needed to pass his assessment at the annual Rangers' Gathering, including obtaining a special Ranger horse, named Tug. However, the Gathering is cut short with rumors of Morgarath, a traitor to the kingdom, becoming active. His underlings, the Kalkara, have been sighted. Will, Halt's former apprentice Gilan, and Halt pursue the Kalkara, two monstrous creatures with a transfixing gaze. Will travels back to Castle Redmont to fetch help, returning just in time, and both Kalkara are killed.

The Burning Bridge[edit]

A war with Morgarath is approaching and Will, Gilan, and Horace, Will's friend and a knight in training, are sent to Celtica, a nearby country, to ask for reinforcements. Every town they find is deserted. A survivor named Evanlyn explains that Wargals, mindless minions of Morgarath, have caused the destruction. Gilan travels to Araluen to report to the king. Meanwhile, Will, Horace, and Evanlyn encounter Wargals. They follow them to the Fissure, a deep gorge, to discover that the miners were captured to complete a bridge across the Fissure, and a tunnel through the cliffs above up to Morgarath's lair. This would allow Morgarath's army to attack the King's army from behind. It is revealed that Evanlyn is in truth the missing Crown Princess Cassandra.

Horace and Gilan manage to warn the king and his advisers of Morgarath's plan. The king dispatches an auxiliary force, led by Halt, to stop a force of Skandian warriors that have come up from the coast to outflank the king's army. This is done successfully, and Halt and his troops disguise themselves as Skandians, tricking Morgarath into ordering the Wargals to charge into the open plain. A cavalry charge demolishes the advancing Wargals, who are afraid only of horses. His army destroyed, Morgarath offers a flag of truce and prepares to challenge Halt to single combat to avenge his own defeat. Horace challenges Morgarath instead. Horace is outmatched by Morgarath, however, Horace manages to dismount him, killing Morgarath. Meanwhile, Will and Cassandra are captured by the Skandians, and held as hostages to go to Skandia.

The Icebound Land[edit]

Will and Cassandra are enslaved in Skandia, a country north-east across the Stormwhite Sea at the Araluen border. In Hallasholm, the Skandian capital, Will is forced to work outside in the bitter cold, while Cassandra is taken into the kitchens. Will quickly becomes addicted to warmweed, a drug that destroys the mind and body. The Skandian who captured Will and Cassandra, Erak, helps Cassandra escape with Will, and the two take refuge in a small log cabin for winter. Following Erak's advice, Cassandra weans Will off the warmweed and Will overcomes his addiction. Meanwhile, Horace and Halt set off to rescue Will and Cassandra, by crossing into Gallica and making their way north along the coast. Horace becomes known as "The Oakleaf Knight" as he defeats many Gallican knights in combat, thereby attracting the attention of Deparnieux, a famed knight. Deparnieux attempts to capture Halt and Horace but is tricked by Halt and killed.

Oakleaf Bearers/The Battle for Skandia[edit]

While foraging for food, Cassandra is captured by a Temujai warrior. The Temujai are a fierce, nomadic tribe of horse warriors from the east and are masters of the recurve bow. Will struggles to rescue her until Horace and Halt arrive. Halt captures a Temujai and realizes the Temujai are attempting to take over the western world. Twenty years earlier, they almost succeeded. Halt agrees to help Skandia drive off the Temujai since they pose a threat to Araluen as well. The Skandians make use of Halt's knowledge of the Temujai tactics, and Will trains a force of archers for the upcoming battle against the Temujai. During the battle, the Skandians surprise the Temujai with their archers, and the Temujai are forced to withdraw. The Skandia Oberjarl Ragnak is killed in the battle, and Erak is elected to succeed him. Cassandra and Erak sign the Treaty of Hallasholm, which means the end of constant Skandian raids against the Araluen coast.

Erak's Ransom[edit]

Erak's Ransom takes place in between books 4 and 5, several months before Will receives his Silver Oakleaf. Skandia Oberjarl (leader) Erak Starfollower goes on one final raid. However, he is and held for ransom while attempting to raid Al Shabah, a province of Arrida. Because Erak's first mate Svengal believes that he was betrayed by Toshak, a rival Skandian, the raiding party goes to Araluen, instead of Skandia, for the ransom money. Princess Cassandra goes to Arrida in her father's place to negotiate prices with Selethen, the Wakir (leader) of Al Shabah. Will, Gilan, Halt, Horace, and thirty of Erak's men go along for protection and to deliver the ransom. After the negotiation is over, Selethen reveals that Erak was being held in Mararoc, a fort in the desert, but as they are traveling there, Will loses Tug during a sandstorm and goes off to find him. Will runs out of water and is saved by the Bedullin Tribe. Meanwhile, Erak is stolen by the Tualaghi, a merciless nomadic tribe of devil worshipers. The rescue party, with the help of the Bedullin tribe, defeat the leader of the Tualaghi and free Erak. Finally, Will is promoted to full Ranger and is awarded a Silver Oakleaf.

First mission as a Ranger[edit]

After receiving his Silver Oakleaf and being given Seacliff Fief to take care of, Will takes on his first mission as a full-fledged Ranger throughout the books of The Sorcerer in the North and The Siege of Macindaw. A few weeks after arriving in the fief, a disguised Will is sent north to Castle Macindaw to investigate claims of sorcery. The lord of Castle Macindaw, Syron, is ill and many believe a sorcerer caused the illness. Alyss, also in disguise, is sent to help Will, but is captured by the rogue knight Keren, responsible for poisoning Syron. Will escapes with allies of Syron, and enlists the help of the “sorcerer” who is a gifted healer called Malcolm. Horace is also sent by Halt to provide back-up.

Horace and Will devise a plan to rescue the castle and Alyss with the help of some Skandians. They infiltrate the castle and Will reaches the tower where Alyss is held, but Keren hypnotises her to believe Will is the enemy, and orders her to kill him. At the last moment, Will tells Alyss that he loves her, and the hypnosis is broken. As Keren attacks Will, Alyss defeats him while the Skandians, led by Horace, take control of the castle. Will returns to Seacliff Fief and receives a letter from Alyss with her own love confession.

The Outsiders[edit]

In The Kings of Clonmel, Will, Halt and Horace are on a mission to stop a cult called the Outsiders from taking power. The cult offers protection to villages from “bandits” who are Outsiders in exchange for gold. In this fashion, they have taken over five of the six kingdoms of Hibernia. Halt, Will and Horace are sent to Clonmel, the last kingdom, to try to prevent the cult from expanding into Araluen. Halt, a Hibernian native, is a member of the royal family, and so he tries to persuade his twin brother, King Ferris of Clonmel, to use his troops to drive the cult out. The cult loses power in Clonmel, but the leader, Tennyson, escapes. At the same time, King Ferris is killed by a Genovesan assassin, and Halt's nephew Sean becomes king. Will, Halt and Horace leave Clonmel to chase the false prophet, Tennyson.

In Halt's Peril, after reaching a smuggler's port and managing to get information on Tennyson's whereabouts, the trio hire a ship to take them to Picta. The chase is on as the three pursue Tennyson through a drowned forest, and finally, at an encounter with Tennyson's hired assassins, Halt is shot with a poisoned arrow and is incapacitated. Picta is located near Macindaw, so Will rides to fetch Malcolm, the best healer in Araluen. They discover that Halt was poisoned with a toxin that has another toxin extremely similar to it. They both have antidotes, but to use the wrong one is fatal. Will captures the assassin that fired the arrow and forces him to reveal the toxin he used, and Malcolm cures Halt. The group finds Tennyson, who is trying to swindle more countryfolk. Using Halt's similarity to King Ferris, whom Tennyson murdered, they manage to discredit Tennyson. Will causes a cave-in that kills Tennyson and his followers. Halt, Horace, and Will are given a heroes' welcome when they return to Araluen.

The Emperor of Nihon-Ja[edit]

Horace and George are in Nihon-Ja, guests of the Emperor, Shigeru. Meanwhile, Will, Halt, Selethen, and Alyss observe a Toscan general’s demonstration of military tactics while at a treaty signing between the Toscans and the Arridi, both allies of Araluen. The Emperor of Nihon-Ja is told by his cousin Shukin that there’s been a coup against the Emperor by Arisaka, a noble. A Senshi (skilled swordsman) ambush nearly succeeds in killing the Emperor, but Horace intervenes. He decides to help the Emperor find the legendary, impenetrable fortress of Ran-Koshi while George contacts the famous Ranger duo. Later, the Crown Princess of Araluen, Cassandra, appears and enlists the help of the two Rangers, Alyss, and Selethen to go after Horace. En route to Ran-Koshi, Horace's party befriends the local woodworkers known as Kikori, and they join Horace's group on the trek to Ran-Koshi. Halt's group arrives in Nihon-Ja and learn of Horace's whereabouts. While Shukin and other Senshi sacrifice themselves to delay Arisaka's enormous Senshi party, Horace's group reaches Ran-Koshi and settle in. Halt's group arrives at Ran-Koshi and are apprehended by a Kikori scouting patrol, and presented to Horace, who recognises them.

The group sets up defenses to stop Arisaka's army, successfully repelling them. Cassandra and Alyss set out to recruit a tribe of warriors allied with the Emperor: the Hasanu. Will, noting how the Kikori work together excellently, utilizes the tactics of the Toscan general to train them. Arisaka's main party arrives near Ran-Koshi. The final battle begins, and the armies seem evenly matched until Arisaka's reinforcements arrive. As the Kikori forces regroup, Alyss and Cassandra arrive with the Hasanu. Before the battle can continue, the Emperor calls a truce and convinces Arisaka's army that Arisaka is a power-hungry fool. Arisaka is enraged and Will directly confronts him and kills him. On the return trip to Araluen, Horace and Cassandra announce their engagement. Will makes a poor attempt at proposing to Alyss, and she marches off in mock indignation.

The Lost Stories[edit]

The Lost Stories consists of ten different short stories. The foreword is set in future of July 1896 in Redman County, of the Republic of Aralan States where Professor Giles MacFarlane has set up a digging expedition to uncover any important pieces of history. A granite plaque, carved with the likeness of a tusked boar, signifying that the area was once Castle Redmont, was unearthed, but nothing as important has been discovered since. Until now... when a young volunteer discovers the remains of a Ranger cabin. A secret compartment in the floor contains an ancient wood and brass chest, with the Lost Stories of Araluen, which speak of the stories of the Rangers and their friends after the return from Nihon-Ja. Included is a blurb from The Outcasts.

The Royal Ranger[edit]

Will Treaty tries to cope with the death of Alyss, who died in a inn set on fire by the gang leader Jory Ruhl. When his friends begin to notice the change in his personality, Gilan, the new Ranger Commandant calls on Halt, Pauline, Cassandra, and Horace to discuss the situation. Halt suggests that Will take on an apprentice to take his mind off his quest for revenge. Meanwhile, Princess Madelyn, the daughter of Horace and Cassandra, sneaks out at night to use her sling to hunt, against the will of her parents. Halt suggests that Maddie be taken on by Will, which would make Maddie the first female apprentice in Ranger history. At the beginning of her apprenticeship, Will gives Maddie a letter from her parents, which says she has been disinherited as a princess of Araluen, in a desperate last resort by her parents to get her under control. Will proceeds to train Maddie, and his quest for revenge is slowly forgotten. When Gilan suggests Will take Maddie on a mission, Will accepts.

Gilan assigns Will and Maddie to investigate the death of Liam, a Ranger in Trelleth Fief, a northwestern fief. They soon discover a plot by an illicit slave ring who kidnaps children. Will learns that the leader of the slave ring is actually Jory Ruhl, but he manages to set aside his desire for revenge to save the children Ruhl has kidnapped. Maddie is injured in the process, and Will kills Ruhl to save her. Six months later, Maddie is awarded her Bronze Oakleaf, and Cassandra offers her reinstatement as a princess. However, Maddie declines, saying she wishes to complete her apprenticeship instead.

The Ranger's Apprentice Series
Number Title
1 The Ruins of Gorlan
2 The Burning Bridge
3 The Icebound Land
4 The Oakleaf Bearers/The Battle for Skandia
5 The Sorcerer of the North
6 The Siege of Macindaw
7 Erak's Ransom
8 The Kings of Clonmel
9 Halt's Peril
10 The Emperor of Nihon-Ja
11 The Lost Stories

Main characters[edit]

  • Will
His parents deceased, Will grows up as an orphan in the Ward of Castle Redmont along with Alyss, Horace, George and Jenny. After being turned away from Battleschool by Sir Rodney for his small stature, he is taken on as an apprentice by the Ranger Halt. Will is intelligent, inquisitive and athletic, with a natural aptitude for climbing and stealth. He has brown hair that hangs unkempt around his face and deep brown eyes, sometimes mistaken for black.
  • Alyss
A longtime friend of Will and Horace, she is tall and slender with fair skin, light eyes, and long blonde hair. She has a diplomatic nature and carries herself with poise and grace. She displays sharp wit and cunning and, despite her gentle nature, holds herself well among her sometimes rough and impulsively passionate friends.
  • Horace
As a child, Horace had a tendency to pick on Will. He is accepted as an apprentice in Battleschool and shows an uncanny aptitude with the sword. As they age, the spats of their youth fade away and Horace and Will become best friends. He is a straightforward young man both in thought and attitude, favoring honor and displaying the strong ethics brought on by Battleschool training. He has an unparalleled appetite, pointed out on numerous occasions by his friends and much appreciated by Jenny.
  • Evanlyn/Cassandra
Cassandra, often known by the pseudonym Evanlyn when she wants her identity to remain secret, is the Crown Princess of Araluen and daughter of King Duncan. She is short in comparison to Alyss and has honey-colored hair and large green eyes. She quickly befriends Will and Horace, though develops a rivalry with Alyss. She is a natural leader, with an authoritative and often stubborn nature. She is dignified and quick-thinking and never one to shy away from an adventure. She is fiercely loyal to her friends and places great stock in trust and the value of her companions.
  • Halt
The object of many legends in the Kingdom, Halt prefers to keep to himself. These legends have preceded him and have been exaggerated, as is often so, such that many who meet him are surprised by his short and deceptively unassuming nature. While he is often viewed as standoffish and even dangerous, he enjoys the company of his cheerful and eager apprentice. Halt lives in a cottage at the edge of the fief, cutting his own dark hair with his knife and never seen out of his mottled green Ranger's cloak. His dark beard is flecked with grey. He is sharp and perceptive, maintaining an air of constant vigilance and seriousness.
  • Gilan
Gilan is Halt's previous apprentice and now a qualified Ranger. He is the son of a well known knight in the kingdom. He was chosen from birth as a candidate for Battleschool and trained as a swordsman, though instead chose to become a Ranger. Accordingly, unlike most Rangers, he is an expert swordsman in addition to the bow. He has exceptional skills in stealth. He is very charismatic and known to tease his companions with good-natured humor.
  • Crowley
Crowley is the commandant of the Ranger Corps and bears many of the same characteristics as Halt. However he does display openly a sense of humor and fondness for his Rangers. He is a master strategist and is the master in the Corps at silent movement.
  • Jenny
One of the children who lived at the Ward in Redmont Fief, she is a full-figured, pretty-faced blonde with a bubbly personality and a love for cooking. She becomes an apprentice to the chef Master Chubb and later starts her own restaurant.
  • Tug
Tug is Will's horse. He is shaggy grey and only slightly larger than a pony, though had been bred for incredible strength, stamina, and intelligence. He is trained to respond to an endless list of commands from his master and the bond between rider and horse is clear in the way that Tug never leaves Will's side.
  • Madelyn (Maddie)
She is the daughter of Horace and Cassandra, and becomes the first female ranger. She is Will's apprentice, and uses a sling in addition to traditional ranger weapons.

Publishing history and origins[edit]

John Flanagan stated that he first wrote the series as short stories for his son to get him interested in reading. This continued for about 20 weeks.[3] Ten years later, John Flanagan found the stories again and decided to turn them into the first book, The Ruins of Gorlan. However, he never knew that the one book would be able to turn into so many volumes. In 2010 Flanagan was unsure how many volumes in the series he would release, saying "I haven't set a limit. If I have an idea that will progress the characters, I'll write it. But I don't want to find myself jumping up and down on the same spot, as it were."[4]

The inspiration for the series comes from many sources, including family, friends, and European times. Rangers are based on two groups of people, the Texas Rangers and the US Army Rangers of World War II. Although the US Rangers were based on British Commandos, Flanagan felt it would be better to use Rangers because of the medieval setting of the book.[4] The mythical world of the story is based on England, Europe, and Scandinavia because Flanagan was inspired by "English and European culture and history". Besides this, John Flanagan is also interested in military subjects, which helped him write the battle scenes.[4] Celtica's mining culture is like Wales while Gallica takes its name and language from medieval France in its chivalric age around the year 1300.[5]

Some of the books' characters were based on Flanagan's family and friends. Will was based on Flanagan's son Michael; both are agile, quick and quite short.[6] John Flanagan also made Will small in size because he wanted to show his son that there's an advantage to being small.[3] The exchanges between Halt and Will are taken from conversations between Flanagan and his son as a teenager. Horace was inspired by Michael's best friend Jeremey.[6] In the original story however, Flanagan made Horace a villain at first, but then in the first book, Morgarath became the real villain and Horace was "rehabilitated" as a main character.[7] Skandians were taken from Norse culture and Vikings, which Flanagan found interesting as a child.[7] The gods and deities of the Skandians were taken from Norse mythology and Greek mythology. The god Loka mentioned a few times is based on Loki, the god of deceit.[7] The Vallas, the trio of gods, are based on the Moirai.[7]

Sales[edit]

Rights to sell Ranger's Apprentice have gone to 16 countries including North America (where Oakleaf Bearers is better known as The Battle for Skandia), the United Kingdom, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy, Denmark and Sweden.[8] In Australia, the seventh book, Erak's Ransom, reached number two on Australian children's charts.[8] The series has been on The New York Times Best Seller list for 77 weeks as of 13 December 2013.[9] By 2010, over 2 million copies had been sold.[10]

Themes[edit]

John Flanagan states in an interview that the main theme is, "the eventual triumph of good over evil." He feels that although it does not always happen in real life, it should.[4] Another theme especially prominent throughout Oakleaf Bearers is "the primacy of personal relationships over loyalties to one's country or duty."[11] This is shown when Erak's friendship helps Will and Evanlyn escape which allows the Araluens and Skandians to drive away the Temujai. Other themes include courage, loyalty, and that a person can do anything if they tried hard enough.[4] One review noted that "themes of loyalty, bravery, endurance and friendship leave young readers in safe hands as they learn to navigate dangerous waters on their own."[5]

Camp[edit]

In 2010, BookPeople, which also created Camp Half-Blood from Percy Jackson & the Olympians, created a Ranger's Apprentice Corps Training Camp based on the books. A total of 75 kids from the ages of 9–12 were chosen from 1,300 entries.[10] A letter was sent to the kids from the voice of Will, actually written by John Flanagan, which stated they would learn "all the skills I was taught by Halt [Will's Ranger mentor] in the woods around Castle Redmont", including "archery, tracking, and the art of concealment and unseen movement."[10] The 75 campers were divided into 12 fiefdoms where they were taught the skills and at the end, every kid received a T-shirt, a silver oak leaf pin, and a gold-embossed Ranger's Apprentice bookmark. This was the first literary camp that has sold out and has a waiting list besides Camp Half-Blood.[10]

Reception[edit]

Ranger's Apprentice has been well received by many reviewers. One part many reviewers praised was the vivid details during battles.[12] Another review also praised the imagery and stated, "vivid imagery and detail make the medieval-like elements believable"[13] A review for The Ruins of Gorlan stated, "filled with rich detail and plenty of edge-of-your-seat thrills" again praising the details.

Another aspect commonly praised is the fact that Will, the main protagonist still asks for the help of others.[12] A review for The Icebound Land stated the same thing writing, "Though talented and intelligent, [Will] makes mistakes and he often needs help from those around him – making him a very realistic and appealing protagonist."[14]

One reviewer from Booklist noted that although in The Burning Bridge the point of view constantly shifted, it is not confusing and also stated, "Will's vivid world will entice fantasy readers who are drawn by the lure of high adventure carried out by believable, down-to-earth heroes."[15] In another review by School Library Journal, the review was on Oakleaf Bearers and praised the book on the high tensions raised and recommended it to people who enjoy action and adventure.[16]

However, not all reviews were completely positive. One reviewer thought that the Wargals sounded and were too alike to Urgals in the Inheritance Cycle. The same reviewer also felt that the story was not very original stating, "from the very beginning, it was a story I'd heard before."[17] At the end the reviewer stated, "The books aren't horrible. They're just nothing new."

In a review for The Ruins of Gorlan, the reviewer stated "the pace is a good balance between character development and action, and the rivalry between Horace and Will is developed in a satisfactory way." It also praised how the writing is very descriptive without being dry or slow.[18]

Awards[edit]

The Ranger's Apprentice series has won numerous awards. The series was one of the honour books for the Koala Winners in 2009.[19] The seventh book, Erak's Ransom, was chosen as the Books of the Year for Older Children and the International Success Award.[20] The first and fourth books won the Aurealis Awards while the third book was highly commended.[21] Then, the first, second and fifth book each earned the Children's Book Council of Australia Notable Book.[21] The first book was also the Longlisted for the Ottakar's Book Prize for 2006–2007 and the first book also was nominated for the Grand Canyon Reader Award in 2008.[21]

Film adaptation[edit]

As of 7 January 2008, Warner Bros. Pictures has optioned the film rights for The Ruins of Gorlan and is in talks with Oscar-winning filmmaker Paul Haggis to adapt and direct the film.[22] When John Flanagan first heard the news he said:

It's just so overwhelming to see that the Ranger's series is set to head off in yet another exciting direction. When I think how this all started as a series of twenty short stories written for my son Michael, it sets my head spinning to think there's the distinct possibility that it will now be translated into movies and seen by millions of people around the world.[8]

John Flanagan stated in a Facebook Q&A that the funds for the film have been acquired and auditions would be held in the summer of 2015, in either Ireland or England.[23] In March 2016 it was announced production would start late that year.[24] Film Carnival decided to fund the company with 500 million USD, but later pulled out therefore ending the production.

As of October 2019, it was announced that Dick Cook Studios (DCS), an independent production company helmed by former Walt Disney Studios chairman Dick Cook, will receive $20,473,020 from the Australian government to produce two fantasy features in the country, the first of which will be Ranger's Apprentice. Production is said to start July 2020.[25]

Flanagan later stated that the producers had opted for a TV series instead of a movie, and that production was delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chandler, Ben. "John Flanagan – Author Interview". The Australian Literature Review. Retrieved 6 October 2010.
  2. ^ Ehrlich, Brenna (26 March 2015). "Got 'Insurgent' Withdrawal? John Flanagan's New Series Will Totally Help". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  3. ^ a b "We Interview: John Flanagan". Washington Post. 23 July 2006. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d e "RangersApprenticeGUIDE" (PDF). Pengin Group. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
  5. ^ a b "Kids Read Review The Burning Bridge". Retrieved 1 July 2010.
  6. ^ a b "John Flanagan – Penguin Group". Penguin Group. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
  7. ^ a b c d "Kidsread.com – John Flanagan Interview". Kidsread.com. June 2007. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
  8. ^ a b c "Ranger's Apprentice Film Rights Sell". Random House. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
  9. ^ "Children's Books – List – NYTimes.com". NYTimes.com. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 24 September 2013.
  10. ^ a b c d Kirch, Claire (24 June 2010). "Bookpeople Launches New Literary Camp". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  11. ^ "Oakleaf Bearers Review". Retrieved 27 June 2010.
  12. ^ a b "Infoplease Review". Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  13. ^ Reutter, Vicki (1 December 2007). "The Icebound Land: The Ranger's Apprentice, Book 3 (unabr.). (Brief article) (Audiobook review) (Children's review)". School Library Journal. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
  14. ^ Raklovits, Amanda (1 August 2007). "Flanagan, John. The Icebound Land. (The Icebound Land: Ranger's Apprentice Series, vol. 3) (Brief article) (Children's review) (Book review)". School Library Journal. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
  15. ^ Phelan, Carolyn (15 May 2006). "Flanagan, John. The Burning Bridge. (Book review)". Booklist. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
  16. ^ Collier, Ginny (1 June 2008). "Flanagan, John. The Battle for Skandia. (Brief article) (Children's review) (Book review)". School Library Journal. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
  17. ^ "The Spotted Mushroom Review". Retrieved 29 June 2010.
  18. ^ "Tweens Reading Blogspot Review". Retrieved 1 July 2010.
  19. ^ "Koala Winners 2009". Retrieved 30 June 2010.
  20. ^ "Brooks wins Book of the Year". The Sydney Morning Herald. 16 June 2008. Retrieved 30 June 2010.
  21. ^ a b c "Ruins of Gorlan on Judyoz". Retrieved 30 June 2010.
  22. ^ Carly Mayberry (7 January 2008). "Haggis may direct Ranger's Apprentice kids movie". Reuters. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  23. ^ "Timeline Photos - Ranger's Apprentice - Facebook". facebook.com.
  24. ^ Barnes, Brooks (29 March 2016). "'Ranger's Apprentice' to Be Adapted as Film, Financed by Chinese Firm". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 10 November 2018.
  25. ^ Karl, Quinn. "Former Disney chief to make big-budget fantasy films in Australia". The Sydney Morning Herald. Nine Entertainment Co. Retrieved 16 November 2019.
  26. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yBGMtSJT4vA&feature=youtu.be&t=1922

External links[edit]