Ranger, Texas

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Ranger, Texas
Downtown Ranger, Texas
Downtown Ranger, Texas
Location of Ranger, Texas
Location of Ranger, Texas
Eastland County Ranger.svg
Coordinates: 32°28′12″N 98°40′36″W / 32.47000°N 98.67667°W / 32.47000; -98.67667Coordinates: 32°28′12″N 98°40′36″W / 32.47000°N 98.67667°W / 32.47000; -98.67667
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyEastland
Area
 • Total7.13 sq mi (18.46 km2)
 • Land7.00 sq mi (18.12 km2)
 • Water0.13 sq mi (0.34 km2)
Elevation
1,437 ft (438 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,468
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
2,469
 • Density352.82/sq mi (136.22/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
76470
Area code(s)254
FIPS code48-60632[3]
GNIS feature ID1344793[4]

Ranger is a city in Eastland County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,468 at the 2010 census.[5] Ranger College, a community college, is the second-largest employer in the community.

During the 1920s, Ranger, like nearby Cisco, Eastland, and Desdemona, was a petroleum boomtown. At the time, Ranger had railroad service through the since-defunct Wichita Falls, Ranger, and Fort Worth Railroad, acquired by the Wichita Falls and Southern Railroad, one of the properties of Frank Kell, Joseph A. Kemp, and later Orville Bullington of Wichita Falls, Texas. The Wichita Falls and Southern was abandoned in 1954.[6]

History[edit]

The Texas Pacific Coal Company of Thurber, Texas, drilled a gas well north of Ranger in August 1917, after town civic leaders offered acreage in return for four test wells. Then on 11 October 1917, the McClesky well, 1 mile southwest of Ranger, produced oil at 1200 BOPD. Production came from the Strawn Formation sandstones at 1,300 feet (400 m) to 2,000 feet (610 m), the Smithwick Shale, and the Marble Falls Formation limestone at 3,200 feet (980 m) to 3,400 feet (1,000 m) feet. The Ranger Oil Field production peaked in July 1919 at 80,000 BOPD. The oil boom brought many seeking jobs, including farm boys and demobilized veterans.[7][8]

Geography[edit]

Ranger is located in northeastern Eastland County at 32°28′12″N 98°40′36″W / 32.47000°N 98.67667°W / 32.47000; -98.67667 (32.470102, -98.676734).[9] Interstate 20 passes south and east of the city, with access from Exits 349, 351, 352, and 354. I-20 leads east 85 miles (137 km) to Fort Worth and west 65 miles (105 km) to Abilene. Eastland, the county seat, is 10 miles (16 km) to the west.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Ranger has a total area of 7.1 square miles (18.5 km2), of which 7.0 square miles (18.1 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2), or 1.83%, is water.[5]

Ranger Antique Airfield dates back to 1911. Pilot Amelia Earhart landed at the field in 1931 in her Pitcairn Autogyro. Ranger Airfield has two grass runways: 1/19 - 3400 x 80 ft and 17/35; 1950 x 60 ft.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Ranger has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
192016,205
19306,208−61.7%
19404,553−26.7%
19503,989−12.4%
19603,313−16.9%
19703,094−6.6%
19803,1421.6%
19902,803−10.8%
20002,584−7.8%
20102,468−4.5%
2019 (est.)2,469[2]0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[3] of 2000, 2,584 people, 989 households, and 616 families resided in the city. The population density was 369.0 people per square mile (142.5/km2). The 1,214 housing units averaged 173.4 per square mile (67.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.83% White, 6.73% African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 5.65% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 13.51% of the population.

Of the 989 households, 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were not families. About 34.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city, the population was distributed as 22.7% under the age of 18, 17.4% from 18 to 24, 20.9% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,500, and for a family was $28,255. Males had a median income of $24,333 versus $15,946 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,698. About 14.4% of families and 18.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 17.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The city is served by the Ranger Independent School District and home to the Ranger High School Bulldogs. 1953 State Football Champions (Class 1A)

Notable people[edit]

Photo gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Ranger city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 24, 2016.
  6. ^ "H. Allen Anderson, "Wichita Falls and Southern Railroad"". tshaonline.org. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  7. ^ Reeves, Frank (1922). "GEOLOGY OF THE RANGER OIL FIELD, TEXAS, in Contributions to Economic Geology, Part II" (PDF). USGS. pp. 111–170. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  8. ^ Olien, Diana; Olien, Roger (2002). Oil in Texas, The Gusher Age, 1895-1945. Austin: University of Texas Press. pp. 79–83. ISBN 0292760566.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Ranger, Texas
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.