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Total population
Regions with significant populations
  • Pakistan
  • India

Ranghar (Urdu: رانگڑ ‎), are a Muslim ethnic group, which is found in Sindh and Punjab provinces of Pakistan and Haryana, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh states of India.[1]

In Haryana, the Ranghar spoke a dialect of their own, called Ranghari, which is itself a dialect of Haryanvi, and many in Pakistan still use the language. Those of Uttar Pradesh speak Khari Boli among themselves, and Urdu with outsiders. After the formation of Pakistan in 1947, many Uttar Pradesh Ranghars also migrated to Punjab and Sindh in Pakistan. They are entirely Sunni Hanafi Muslims and follow Deobandi and Barelvi schools of South Asia.[citation needed]

History and origin[edit]

The Ranghar were classified as an "agricultural tribe" by the British Raj administration. This was often taken to be synonymous with the classification of martial race, and some Ranghars were recruited to the British Indian Army.[2]

Distribution and present circumstances[edit]

Ranghar communities are found in Mirpur Khas and Nawabshah Districts of Sindh. Recent studies of the Ranghar communities in Pakistan have confirmed that they maintain a distinct identity. They have maintained the system of exogamous marriages, the practice of not marrying within one's clan, which marks them out from neighbouring Punjabi Muslim communities, which prefer marriages with first cousins. In districts of Pakpattan, Okara, and Bahawalnagar which have the densest concentrations of Rangarh, they consist mostly of small peasants, with many serving in the army, police and Civil Services. They maintain an overarching tribal council (panchayat in the Rangharhi dialect), which deals with a number of issues, such as punishments for petty crime or co-operation over village projects.[3][full citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ People of India: Uttar Pradesh XLII Part III edited by K Singh page 1197
  2. ^ Mazumder, Rajit K. (2003). The Indian Army and the Making of Punjab. Orient Longman. p. 105. ISBN 9788178240596.
  3. ^ Muslim Communities of South Asia Culture, Society and Power edited T N Madan pages 42–43