Rapid KL (brand)

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Rapid KL
public transport system
Rapid KL Logo.svg
Overview
Owner Prasarana Malaysia
Locale Klang Valley, Malaysia
Transit type
Number of lines
  • Rail: (5)  3   4   5   8   9 
  • BRT: (1)  B1 
Number of stations
  • Rail: 116
  • BRT: 7
Daily ridership
  • LRT:
    439,985 (2017)
  • Monorail:
    63,778 (2017)
  • Bus:
    498,193 (2017)
  • BRT:
    5,382 (2017)
Website myrapid.com.my
Operation
Began operation 16 December 1995; 21 years ago (1995-12-16)
Operator(s) Rapid Rail & Rapid Bus
Technical
System length
  • LRT: 91.5 km
  • MRT: 51 km
  • Monorail: 8.6 km
  • BRT: 5.4 km
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
System map

20170717 Transit Map.jpg

Transit map

Rapid KL (styled as rapidKL; ) is a public transportation system built by Prasarana Malaysia and operated by its subsidiaries, covering the Kuala Lumpur and Klang Valley areas.

The acronym stands for Rangkaian Pengangkutan Intergrasi Deras Kuala Lumpur Sdn Bhd. The company was established before focusing their business operations on commercial rail and bus services.

History[edit]

Public transport restructuring[edit]

The need for Kuala Lumpur's public transport system to be revamped became apparent once the city's LRT lines began commercial operations and it was determined that ridership had been much lower than anticipated. This caused correspondingly lower than expected revenue levels, and the two LRT concessionaires, Sistem Transit Aliran Ringan Sdn Bhd (STAR-LRT) and Projek Usahasama Transit Ringan Automatik Sdn Bhd (PUTRA-LRT), could not repay their commercial loans. The financial crisis of 1997/1998 aggravated the situation, and by November 2001, the two companies owed a combined total of RM5.7bil. The national government's Corporate Debt Restructuring Committee (CDRC) stepped in to restructure the debts of the two LRT companies.

The bus service in Kuala Lumpur was also facing problems with lower ridership due to an increase in private car usage and a lack of capital investments. The two new bus consortia formed in the mid 1990s to consolidate all bus services in Kuala Lumpur - Intrakota Komposit and Cityliner - began facing financial problems. Intrakota had reportedly accumulated losses amounting to RM450mil from the 1997/1998 financial crisis until SPNB took over in 2003.

With decreased revenues, the bus operators could not maintain their fleets, much less invest in more buses. Frequencies and service deteriorated as buses began breaking down, and ridership suffered as a result. Public transport usage in the Klang Valley area dropped to about 16% of all total trips.

Improvement steps[edit]

A 6-car trainset manufactured by CSR Zhuzhou at Awan Besar station
A 4-car trainset INNOVIA Metro 300 for Kelana Jaya Line.
SCOMI Sutra 4-car trainset for KL Monorail
An Alexander Dennis Enviro500 MMC operated by Rapid Bus parked at Cheras Selatan depot
MAN 18.280 HOCL-NL (A84 chassis) using Rapid KL livery at bus stop in front of Hotel Furama, Jalan Pudu

Since taking over the LRTs and bus network, Prasarana has taken steps to improve services.

  • Increasing LRT capacity: Prasarana issued tenders for the purchase of new LRT rolling stock to increase carrying capacity, including 35 new train sets for the Kelana Jaya Line in October 2006 and October 2007. The trains were expected to be operational by September 2009. On 27 July 2009, Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak announced that the 35 new four-car trains would be operational by end-2012.[1]
  • Boosting bus fleet: As most of the Rapid KL buses inherited were old and poorly maintained, the immediate concern was to get more buses on the road. In 2005, the government promised 200 new Rapid KL buses.
  • Increasing bus routes: Prasarana introduced several new routes to cover previously unserved areas.
  • Scheduled bus services: Rapid Bus introduced scheduled services for 16 Rapid KL bus routes which were not heavily utilised. For the first time in Malaysia, expected bus arrival times and timetables were posted at bus stops along routes. However, the bus stop timetables as well as the myrapid website has since been removed due to the inability of services to reliably adhere to these schedules. This was primarily caused by problems such as traffic congestion and an insufficient number of serviceable buses.
  • Common monthly passes for both LRT and buses: For the first time commuters were offered monthly passes which could be used on both LRTs and buses, helping to enhance the integration of the public transport system.
  • Common signage for all three LRT lines: The renaming of Putra-LRT and Star-LRT along with the changing of its signage helped to enhance integration of the previously unconnected systems.
  • Common Ticketing System Touch 'n Go could be used in all Rapid KL buses and rail lines
  • Revamp of Rapid KL bus network: Prasarana scrapped the old Intrakota and Cityliner routes it inherited and introduced three types of bus services: City shuttles (BANDAR), trunk buses (UTAMA),, local shuttles (TEMPATAN), and express buses (EKSPRES). City shuttles will operate within Kuala Lumpur's central business district while trunk buses will link hubs at the edge of the CBD with suburban transportation hubs. At these suburban hubs, local shuttles will radiate out from rail-based public transport stations and fan out to residential areas. Express buses provide non-stop point-to-point travel to specific destinations.

Current network[edit]

Code Line Stations Length Began operation Termini
 3 
Ampang Line
17
14 km
16 December 1996  SP1  AG1  Sentul Timur  AG18  Ampang
 4 
Sri Petaling Line
36
45.1 km
11 July 1998  AG1  SP1  Sentul Timur  SP31  KJ37  Putra Heights
 5 
Kelana Jaya Line
37[2]
46.4 km[2]
1 September 1998  KJ1  Gombak  KJ37  SP31  Putra Heights
 8 
KL Monorail
11[3]
8.6 km[3]
31 August 2003  MR1  KL Sentral Monorail  MR11  AG3  SP3  Titiwangsa
 9 
Sungai Buloh–Kajang Line
34[4]
51 km[4]
16 December 2016  SBK1   KA08  Sungai Buloh  SBK35   KB06  Kajang
 B1 
BRT Sunway Line
7
5.6 km
2 June 2015  SB1   KD08  Setia Jaya  SB7  KJ31  USJ7
TOTAL
122
[Note 1]
156.7 km
 

Rapid KL system network[edit]

Rail[edit]

Rapid KL system consists of three rail networks. The entire rail network operated by Rapid Rail is 123.1 km long and has 92 stations. These trains can travel up to 80 km/h. In 2008, these rail networks carried a total of over 350,000 passengers daily.[5]

Bus[edit]

Rapid Bus Sdn Bhd operate the first bus rapid transit service in Malaysia and is also one of the largest stage bus operators in the Klang Valley, along with Metrobus. Currently, there are 98 stage bus routes and 39 feeder bus services which operate from LRT stations. The bus routes operated by Rapid Bus were previously operated by Intrakota Komposit Sdn Bhd, a subsidiary of DRB-Hicom Bhd; and Cityliner Sdn Bhd, a subsidiary of Park May Bhd. In 2008, Rapid Bus carried around 390,000 passengers daily.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Counting interchange stations only once. Titiwangsa, Masjid Jamek, Hang Tuah, Chan Sow Lin, Putra Heights and USJ7. KL Sentral on Kelana Jaya Line and KL Sentral on KL Monorail are not the actual interchange station despite the similar name.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nik Anis & Dharmender Singh (28 July 2009). "Targets set for the six Key Result Areas". The Star. 
  2. ^ a b "Kelana Jaya Line". Prasarana Malaysia. Retrieved 2014-06-12. 
  3. ^ a b "KL Monorail Line". Prasarana Malaysia. Retrieved 2014-06-12. 
  4. ^ a b Sim Leoi Leoi (11 December 2016). "MRT first phase opens on Friday". The Star. 
  5. ^ a b "Penumpang Rapid KL naik mendadak". Utusan Malaysia. 9 July 2008. Retrieved 9 July 2008. 

External links[edit]