Rangpur, Bangladesh

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Rangpur

রংপুর
Metropolitan City
Night Cityscape of Rangpur (14934212120).jpg
Front view of Tajhat Landlord's Palace in Rangpur, Bangladesh.jpg
APC-4.jpg
Chikli.jpg
Campus Rear Of Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur.jpg
TOWN HALL, RANGPUR(1).jpg
From top: City at night, Tajhat Palace, Rangpur Cadet College, Chikli vata lake, Begum Rokeya University, Town Hall
Nickname(s): 
Green city
Expandable map of Rangpur
Rangpur is located in Rangpur division
Rangpur
Rangpur
Location in Rangpur Division, Bangladesh
Rangpur is located in Bangladesh
Rangpur
Rangpur
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 25°34′N 89°15′E / 25.56°N 89.25°E / 25.56; 89.25Coordinates: 25°34′N 89°15′E / 25.56°N 89.25°E / 25.56; 89.25
Country Bangladesh
DivisionRangpur Division
DistrictRangpur District
Municipality1 May 1869
City Corporation28 June 2012
Metropolitan City16 September 2018
Government
 • TypeMayor–Council
 • BodyRangpur City Corporation
 • City MayorMostafizar Rahman Mostafa (Jatiya Party)[1]
Area
 • Urban
207 km2 (80 sq mi)
 • Metro
239.72 km2 (92.56 sq mi)
Area rank3rd largest in Bangladesh
Elevation
34 m (111.549 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • Rank5th in Bangladesh
 • Density rank5th in Bangladesh
 • Urban
796,556
 • Urban density3,871/km2 (10,030/sq mi)
 • Metro
1,000,000
 • Metro density4,167/km2 (10,790/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Rangpuria/Rongpuria (রংপুরিয়া)
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
Postal code
5400[2]
PoliceRangpur Metropolitan Police
Calling Code521
Websiterpcc.gov.bd

Rangpur (Bengali: রংপুর, romanizedRongpur, lit.'City of Colour') is one of the major cities in Bangladesh and Rangpur Division. Rangpur was declared a district headquarters on December 16, 1769, and established as a municipality in 1869, making it one of the oldest municipalities in Bangladesh.[3][4] The municipal office building was erected in 1892 under the precedence Raja Janaki Ballav, Senior Chairman of the municipality. In 1890, the Shyamasundari canal was excavated for the improvement of the town. Sharfuddin Ahmed Jhantu was first mayor of Rangpur City Corporation.

The municipality is located in the northwestern part of Bangladesh.[3] Begum Rokeya University is situated in the southern part of the city. Previously, Rangpur was the headquarters of Greater Rangpur district. Later, the Greater Rangpur district was broken down into the Gaibandha, Kurigram, Lalmonirhat, Nilphamari and Rangpur districts. In the great Rangpur region, little economic development took place until the 1990s, mainly because of the yearly flooding the region used to see before the building of the Teesta Barrage. Coal is found near this district. There is a large military cantonment in the town, along with a Ghagot park (under military surveillance), in addition to the famous Carmichael College and Rangpur Zoo in the city. Rangpur is also famous for its handicrafts industry like Shotoronji.

History[edit]

The Coat of Arms of Maharaja Gopal Lal Roy as depicted on a ground floor French Door window panel of Tajhat Palace.

Rangpur was conquered by the army of Raja Man Singh, a commander of the Mughal emperor Akbar, in 1575, but it was not until 1686 it was fully integrated into the Mughal Empire. Place names Mughalbasa ("a locality of the Mughals"), and Mughalhat ("local market") organized by the Mughals bear testimony to the Mughal association and past of Rangpur and its hinterland. Later, Rangpur passed into the control of Sarker of Ghoraghat. During the period of the British East India Company, the Sannyasi Rebellion took place.[5] Rangapur Ghoraghat has been mentioned in the Riyaz-us-Salatin. During the early period of the company rule, fakir-sannyasi resistance and a peasant rebellion were held in Rangpur.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Rangpur City is the divisional headquarters of Rangpur Division. The soil composition is mainly alluvial soil (80 percent) of the Teesta River basin, and the remaining is barind soil. The elevation of Rangpur is 34 meters.[6] The temperature ranges from 32 degrees Celsius to 11 degrees Celsius, and the annual rainfall averages 2931 mm. Rangpur town, covering an area of around 42 square kilometers, lies on the bank of the Ghaghat river and was turned into a municipality back in 1869.

Climate[edit]

Rangpur has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa),[7] close to a tropical monsoon climate (Am). The climate of Rangpur has generally characterized monsoons, high temperature, considerable humidity and heavy rainfall, although the more pleasant and mild “winter” season from November to February is dry with very warm rather than hot afternoons and cool mornings, with some cold nights. The average annual temperature in Rangpur is 24.9 °C (76.8 °F). In Winters, it can be very foggy and nighttime temperature can fall below 5 °C (41.0 °F) whereas, day time temperature remains around 20 °C (68.0 °F). Summers can be very Rainy and muggy. About 2,192 mm (86.30 in) of precipitation falls annually, almost all of them falls in the monsoon season (late May to September), although there is very little rain from November to March due to Western Disturbance coming from the Mediterranean Sea. Snow and frost have never been recorded in Rangpur.

Climate data for Rangpur (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.4
(84.9)
34.4
(93.9)
36.6
(97.9)
42.5
(108.5)
41.2
(106.2)
36.7
(98.1)
34.0
(93.2)
36.5
(97.7)
34.7
(94.5)
37.2
(99.0)
33.4
(92.1)
30.6
(87.1)
42.5
(108.5)
Average high °C (°F) 23.1
(73.6)
26.3
(79.3)
30.4
(86.7)
31.7
(89.1)
31.8
(89.2)
31.9
(89.4)
31.7
(89.1)
32.2
(90.0)
31.5
(88.7)
30.7
(87.3)
28.5
(83.3)
25.1
(77.2)
29.6
(85.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.9
(58.8)
16.3
(61.3)
23.4
(74.1)
26.4
(79.5)
27.6
(81.7)
28.3
(82.9)
28.8
(83.8)
29
(84)
28.0
(82.4)
26.5
(79.7)
22.5
(72.5)
18.5
(65.3)
24.2
(75.5)
Average low °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
13.2
(55.8)
17.3
(63.1)
21.2
(70.2)
23.3
(73.9)
25.3
(77.5)
26.0
(78.8)
26.3
(79.3)
25.3
(77.5)
22.6
(72.7)
17.4
(63.3)
13.0
(55.4)
20.2
(68.3)
Record low °C (°F) 1.1
(34.0)
3.7
(38.7)
8.6
(47.5)
14.7
(58.5)
16.4
(61.5)
19.4
(66.9)
21.1
(70.0)
20.7
(69.3)
19.1
(66.4)
14.2
(57.6)
10.1
(50.2)
5.2
(41.4)
1.1
(34.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 9.2
(0.36)
12.5
(0.49)
25.9
(1.02)
118.4
(4.66)
267.7
(10.54)
467.1
(18.39)
476.5
(18.76)
344.8
(13.57)
390.1
(15.36)
180.5
(7.11)
8.7
(0.34)
8.1
(0.32)
2,309.5
(90.92)
Average rainy days 2 2 3 8 15 18 21 17 17 7 1 1 112
Average relative humidity (%) 82 75 68 74 81 85 86 85 87 84 80 81 81
Source: Bangladesh Meteorological Department[8]

[9] [10]

Economy[edit]

Bangladesh Bank Rangpur office

The city is the commercial hub. Its center has several government offices and private banks, insurance companies, residential hotels, and international restaurants, such as Chinese, Thai, Indian, Mexican, convenience food, and gift shops. It is one of the most important economic zones in Bangladesh because of its global positioning. Rangpur is one of the major Tobacco producing region in Bangladesh.[11] The northern suburbs of Rangpur homes to tobacco companies like British American Tobacco, Akij Group,Abul Khair Group.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
195034,000—    
196044,000+29.4%
197068,000+54.5%
1980134,000+97.1%
1990217,000+61.9%
2000279,000+28.6%
2010337,000+20.8%
2020407,000+20.8%
for the population of city proper of Rangpur :[12]

The total population of Rangpur city corporation is 796,556. Among them, 398,282 are male and 398,274 are female. The literacy rate in Rangpur is 65%.[13]

Education[edit]

Campus Rear Of Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur

Major educational institutes in the city including:

Universities[edit]

Medical & Dental Colleges[edit]

Polytechnic Institutes[edit]

Academic Building of Rangpur Cadet College

Colleges[edit]

Affiliated Colleges[edit]

  • International Institute of Applied Science and Technology, Rangpur

Schools[edit]

English Medium Schools[edit]

  • The Millennium Stars School & College
  • Shahan International School
  • Nalanda International School
  • International Grammar School
  • BIAM Laboratory School

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Wards of Rangpur City Corporation

Rangpur City Corporation is divided into 33 wards and different neighbourhoods (Mahallah), which can be categorized as Urban and Suburban.

  • Burirhat
  • Chabbis Hazari
  • Panadardighi
  • Uttam
  • Hazirhat
  • CO Bazar
  • Dhap
  • Kellabond
  • Radhaballov
  • Shimulbag-Sagarpara
  • Keranipara
  • Munshipara
  • Lalkuthi lane
  • Khalifapara
  • Jummapara
  • Jahaj Company
  • Nababgonj
  • Betpotti-Taltola
  • Kotkipara
  • Parjantan Para
  • Modern
  • Ashratpur
  • Alamnagar
  • Robertsonganj
  • Darshana
  • Lalbagh
  • Khamarpara
  • Islampur
  • Pirjabad
  • Parbatipur
  • Mahiganj
  • Tajhat
  • Ganeshpur
  • Babukha
  • DC More
  • Adarshapara

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Rangpur is well connected by highways to Chittagong and Dhaka, as well as other parts of Rangpur. It takes about 6 to 7 hours by road to reach the capital Dhaka by National Highway 5. Bus services to other major districts are also available from Rangpur. Highway links to India have been established through the Asian Highway 2. Rangpur also has a BRTC Double Decker bus service,[15] which connects the suburbs of the city to city center.

Railway[edit]

Rangpur Express is leaving Bangabandhu setu East station

The Rangpur Railway Station is the main railway station providing trains on national routes operated by the state-run Bangladesh Railway. The Rangpur Express[16] is a Bangladeshi Intercity train which runs between Rangpur and Dhaka. Other trains running between Rangpur and Dhaka are, Kurigram Express and Lalmoni Express.

Air[edit]

The city of Rangpur is served by Saidpur Airport, located at the north of the city. Saidpur airport is a domestic airport. Saidpur Airport is connected through several private airlines such as Novoair, US-Bangla Airlines, Regent Airways & Biman Bangladesh Airlines a government airline with Capital city of Bangladesh Dhaka. A massive renovation work is going on at Saidpur Airport ahead of its planning to become the new International Airport for Northern Bangladesh region.

Places of Interest[edit]

  • Tajhat Palace
  • Rangpur Zoo
  • Chikli vata Lake
  • Collectorate Surovi Park
  • Town Hall
  • Shrine of Maulana Karamat Ali jaunpuri RA.
  • Carmichael College
    Vinnojagat Amusement Park

Dialect[edit]

Many Rangpur natives speak in the Rangpuri language.[17] Rangpuri is an Indic language spoken by half a million Rajbongshi people in Bangladesh and five million in India, where they are known as Rajbanshi. Many are bilingual in either Bengali or Assamese. The main dialects are Western Rajbongshi, Central Rajbongshi, Eastern Rajbongshi and Hill Rajbongshi (also known as Koch language). The vast majority of Rangpur's inhabitants, however, speak Bengali and are Bengali, Rajbangshi is limited to the Rajbongshi people, which itself is in a dialect continuum with Bengali and is largely intelligible.

Sports[edit]

The most popular sport in Rangpur is cricket, although football is also popular. There is a 10,000-capacity Rangpur Stadium is used for football and other sports. Another local stadium is Cricket Garden,[18] which is mainly used for cricket. There are also a few sports training academies in the city. In domestic Twenty20 cricket, Rangpur has a Bangladesh Premier League franchise known as Rangpur Riders. In December 2012, I Sports bought the Rangpur franchise for $1.01 m. Notable players from Rangpur who have played for the national team include Nasir Hossain,[19] Suhrawadi Shuvo.[20]

Notable people[edit]

Gallary[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ নতুন মেয়র বললেন রংপুর বদলে যাবে | কালের কণ্ঠ. Kaler Kantho (in Bengali).
  2. ^ "ZIP Code database of Bangladesh, Rangpur, Rangpur, Rangpur Sadar". Geopostcodes.com. Retrieved 11 June 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Journey to Rangpur City Corporation". Archived from the original on 17 June 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  4. ^ "Rangpur". britannica. Archived from the original on 17 June 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  5. ^ Lorenzen, David N. (January–March 1978). "Warrior Ascetics in Indian History". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 98 (1): 61–75. doi:10.2307/600151. JSTOR 600151.
  6. ^ "Worldwide Elevation Finder". elevation.maplogs.com. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  7. ^ "Rangpur climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Rangpur weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  8. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20181224171550/http://bmd.gov.bd/file/2016/08/17/pdf/21827.pdf
  9. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20170709184139/http://bmd.gov.bd/file/2016/08/17/pdf/54.pdf
  10. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20181224172119/http://bmd.gov.bd/file/2016/08/17/pdf/52.pdf
  11. ^ "Tobacco cultivation still on in Rangpur region". Dhaka Tribune. 2 January 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  12. ^ "Rangpur, Bangladesh population". populationstat.com.
  13. ^ "রংপুর সিটি কর্পোরেশন".
  14. ^ Muhammad Maniruzzaman (2012). "Carmichael College, Rangpur". In Sirajul Islam; Ahmed A. Jamal (eds.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Archived from the original on 17 June 2015. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  15. ^ Express, The Financial. "BRTC launches city bus service in Rangpur". The Financial Express. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  16. ^ "Dhaka-Rangpur railway inaugurated". The Daily Star. 22 August 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  17. ^ "About: Rangpuri language". dbpedia.org. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  18. ^ Cricket Garden, Rangpur, CricketArchive.com Retrieved on 29 July 2010.
  19. ^ Players and Officials – Nasir Hossain Cricinfo.
  20. ^ Players and Officials – Suhrawadi Shuvo Cricinfo.

External links[edit]

  1. ^ "National Volume-3: Urban Area Report" (PDF), Population and Housing Census 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, pp. 24–25, August 2014