Citrus × limonia
C. × limonia
|Citrus × limonia|
Rangpur, Citrus × limonia or Citrus reticulata × medica, sometimes called the rangpur lime, mandarin lime or lemandarin, is a hybrid between the mandarin orange and the citron. It is a citrus fruit with a very acidic taste and an orange peel and flesh.
Common names for this fruit include rangpur, the name of a city now in Bangladesh. Rangpur is also known in the Indian subcontinent as Sylhet lime (after another region also now in Bangladesh), surkh nimboo, and sharbati. It is known as a canton-lemon in South China, a hime-lemon in Japan, as limão-capeta, limão-cravo, limão-rosa or limão-galego in Brazil and Portugal (namely in the Azores), and mandarin-lime in the United States, and similarly limón-mandarina (lemon tangerine) in Costa Rica because of its shape and the way its skin is peeled.
Citrus × limonia was introduced into Florida in the late nineteenth century by Reasoner Brothers of Oneco, which obtained seed from northwestern India. Though often described as a lemon hybrid, genomic analysis has shown it to be an F1 hybrid of a female citron (Citrus medica) and a male mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata).
Rangpurs are highly acidic and can be used as a substitute for limes. However the name lime in connection with this fruit is misleading, because there are very few similarities between the rangpur and other fruits called limes.
Citrus × limonia is cultivated as an ornamental tree for planting in gardens and a container plant on patios and terraces in the United States. Outside the U.S. it is used principally as a citrus rootstock, except Costa Rica where it is also grown commercially and is preferred over lime and lemon, used on any preparation that requests for a lemon, and grows wild on cow pastures and near human settlements.
A bottle of Tanqueray Rangpur gin
- U.C. Riverside Citrus Profile: Rangpur - Citrus × limonia
- "Mandarin Lime". hort.purdue.edu. Retrieved 2020-07-10.
- Curk, Franck; Ollitrault, Frédérique; Garcia-Lor, Andres; Luro, François; Navarro, Luis; Ollitrault, Patrick (2016). "Phylogenetic origin of limes and lemons revealed by cytoplasmic and nuclear markers". Annals of Botany. 11 (4): 565–583. doi:10.1093/aob/mcw005. PMC 4817432. PMID 26944784.
- Wu, Guohong Albert; Terol, Javier; Ibanez, Victoria; López-García, Antonio; Pérez-Román, Estela; Borredá, Carles; Domingo, Concha; Tadeo, Francisco R; Carbonell-Caballero, Jose; Alonso, Roberto; Curk, Franck; Du, Dongliang; Ollitrault, Patrick; Roose, Mikeal L. Roose; Dopazo, Joaquin; Gmitter Jr, Frederick G.; Rokhsar, Daniel; Talon, Manuel (2018). "Genomics of the origin and evolution of Citrus". Nature. 554 (7692): 311–316. Bibcode:2018Natur.554..311W. doi:10.1038/nature25447. PMID 29414943. and Supplement
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- Data related to Citrus limonia at Wikispecies