Rangpuri language

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Rangpuri
Rajbangshi, Kamatapuri
রংপুরী, রাজবংশী, কামতাপুরী,
কোচ ৰাজবংশী
Native toIndia, Bangladesh
EthnicityRajbongshi
Native speakers
15 million (2007)[1]
Bengali-Assamese script[4], Devanagari script
Official status
Official language in
 India (West Bengal)[5]
Language codes
ISO 639-3
rkt – Kamtapuri/Rangpuri
Glottolograng1265  Rangpuri[6]

Rajbangshi, Rangpuri, or Kamatapuri, is a Bengali-Assamese language spoken by the Rajbongshi people in India and Bangladesh. Many are bilingual in either Bengali or Assamese.

Names[edit]

Rangpuri goes by numerous names. In Bangladesh, these include Rangpuri, Kamtapuri, Rajbongshi, and Polia. In India, there is Kamtapuri, Rajbongshi, Rajbanshi, Goalparia, Surjapuri, Koch Rajbanshi. In Assam it is known as Koch-Rajbongshi and Goalpariya (which is also known as Deshi bhasha). In Bihar it is known as Surjapuri or Rajbanshi.

Dialects[edit]

The main dialects are Western Rajbanshi, Central Rajbanshi, and Eastern Rajbanshi.

The Central dialect has the majority of speakers and is quite uniform. There are publications in this language. The Western dialect has more diversity. Lexical similarity is 77 to 89% between the three dialects. Rajbonshi shares 48 to 55% of its vocabulary with Assamese and Bengali and 43 to 49% with Maithili and Nepali.

Comparison with related languages[edit]

English Kamarupi Rarhi Vangiya
Kamtapuri Assamese Bengali Sylheti
I do Muĩ korong Moe korü̃/korönɡ Ami kori Mui/Ami xorí
I am doing Muĩ koria asong Moe kori asü̃/asöng Ami korchi Mui/Ami xoriar/xorram
I did Muĩ korisong Moe korisü̃/korisöng Ami korechi Mui/Ami xor(i)si
I did (perfective) Muĩ korilung Moe korilü̃/korilöng Ami kôrlam Mui/Ami xorlam
I did (distant) Muĩ korisilung Moe korisilü̃/korisilong Ami korechilam Mui/Ami xors(i)lam
I was doing Muĩ koria asilung Moe kori asilü̃/asilöng Ami korchilam Mui/Ami xorat aslam
I will do Muĩ korim Moe korim Ami korbo Mui/Ami xormu
I will be doing Muĩ koria thakim Moe kori thakim Ami korte thakbo Mui/Ami xorat táxmu

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kamtapuri/Rangpuri at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Toulmin 2006
  4. ^ Toulmin 2006, p. 17, 103
  5. ^ PTI (28 February 2018). "Kamtapuri, Rajbanshi ,Rangpuri make it to list of official languages in Bengal". Outlook India. Archived from the original on 16 April 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  6. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Rangpuri". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

References[edit]

External links[edit]