Rangunia Upazila

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Rangunia
রাঙ্গুনিয়া
Upazila
Rangunia is located in Bangladesh
Rangunia
Rangunia
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 22°28′N 92°5′E / 22.467°N 92.083°E / 22.467; 92.083Coordinates: 22°28′N 92°5′E / 22.467°N 92.083°E / 22.467; 92.083
Country  Bangladesh
Division Chittagong Division
District Chittagong District
Area
 • Total 347.72 km2 (134.26 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,40,000
 • Density 978/km2 (2,530/sq mi)
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Website Official Map of Rangunia

Rangunia (Bengali: রাঙ্গুনিয়া) is an Upazila of Chittagong District in the Division of Chittagong, Bangladesh.

Geography[edit]

Map of Rangunia

Rangunia is located in between 22°18' and 22°37' north latitudes and in between 91°58' and 92°08' east longitudes. It has 46,176 households and a total area of 347.72 km².

It is bounded by Chandanaish Upazila on the south; Patiya Upazila, Boalkhali Upazila, Raozan Upazila & Kawkhali Upazila of Rangamati District on the west; Kawkhali Upazila of Rangamati District on the north and Kaptai Upazila & Rajasthali Upazila of Rangamati District and Bandarban Sadar Upazila on the east.

Population[edit]

According to the 2011 Bangladesh census, total population of Rangunia Upazila was 340000; male 169596, female 170404; Muslim 78%, Hindu 15%, Buddhist 6% and others 1%. Indigenous communities such as chakma and marma belong to this upazila. Total Voter 240715; male 124263 & female 116452.[1]

Historical Events[edit]

Chakma kings (Shukdev Roy, Sher Daulat Khan, Jan Baksh Khan, Tabbar Khan, Jabbar Khan, Dharam Baksh Khan, Rani Kalindi, Harish Chandra Rai and others) ruled this area since 1757. Chakma King Harish Chandra transferred his capital from Rajanagar of Rangunia to Rangamati in 1874.

Water bodies[edit]

Main river: Karnaphuli, Ichamoti.

Administration[edit]

Rangunia Thana was formed on 24 January 1962 and it was turned into an upazila in 1983. Municipality was formed on 4 July 2000.

  • Perliamentery Area: 284 Chittagong-7 (including Shreepur-Kharandweep Union of Boalkhali Upazila)
  • Member of Perliament: D. Hasan Mahmud
  • Municipality chairman: Shahjahan Shikdar
  • Upazila Chairman: Ali Shah
  • Vice Chairman: Aktar Hossain (Independent)
  • Woman Vice Chairman: Rehena Begum
  • Upazila Nirbahi Officer (UNO): Mohammad Saiful Islam Majumdar

Rangunia has 1 Municipality & 15 Unions.

Education[edit]

Rangunia had an average literacy rate of 70.75%.

There are 9 colleges, 40 secondery schools, 25 madrasas, 179 primary school and many other registerd & kindergartens in the upazila.

Colleges[edit]

  1. Rangunia Govt. College
  2. Rangunia Women College
  3. North Rangunia Degree College
  4. Rajanagar Ranirhat Degree College
  5. Syeda Selima Qader Chowdhury Degree College
  6. South Rangunia Padua College
  7. M Shah Alam Chowdhury Degree College
  8. Hasina Jamal Degree College
  9. Shilok Balika Mohabidhyaloy
  10. Pomra Jameul Ulum Degree Madrasha

Communication Facilities[edit]

  • Chittagong-Rangamai Highway
  • Chittagong-Kaptai Highway
  • Chandraghona-Bandarban Highway
  • Mariamnagar-Ranirhat Link Road
  • Rowazarhat-Ranirhat Link Road
  • Godown-Padua Link Road
  • Godown-Boalkhali Link Road

Health centres[edit]

Upazila health complex 1, family planning centre 11, satellite clinic 2.

Economics[edit]

Main sources of income are: Agriculture 39.71%, non-agricultural labourer 4.30%, industry 0.58%, commerce 16.24%, transport and communication 3.57%, service 12.31%, construction 1.03%, religious service 0.49%, rent and remittance 10.91% and others 10.86%.

Newspapers & periodicals[edit]

  • Ranguniar Khobor (weekly)
  • Rupali Rangunia
  • Ashar Alo
  • Rangunia Sangbad
  • Rangunianews24.com

Religious Institutions[edit]

Mosque 359, Temple 42, Tomb 3, Pagoda 41, Sacred place 1.

Tourists spots[edit]

  • Sheikh Rasel Aviery Park
  • Remnants of the Chakma Rajbari (Shukbilash, Padua)
  • Mahamuni Buddhist Monastery
  • Tea garden (Agunia, Kodala, Thandachhari).

Betagee Grammar School

Archaeological heritage & relics[edit]

  • Remnants of the palace Shukbilash (18th century)
  • Ranir Pukur (Rajarhat)
  • Pagla Mama Dargah (19th century)
  • Dharma Chakra Vihara (1750)
  • Jagadhatri Mandir
  • Sree Sree Ramakrishna Mandir (Santiniketan)
  • Shiva Chaturdashi Mandir (Parua)
  • Krishna Mandir (Majumdarkhil)
  • Sagar Dighi (Rajanagar)
  • Mahamuni Buddhist Monastery
  • Simaghar

In War of Liberation[edit]

In 1971, encounters were held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army at Ranirhat, Rowajarhat and Rangunia. The Pak army conducted looting, burning, rape and mass killing in various places of the upazila.

  • Marks of the War of Liberation
    • Mass Grave - 2
    • Memorial Monument - 3 (Rangunia College, Rangunia Ideal Multilateral Pilot High School and Ichakhali).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bangladesh Population Census 2001, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics; Cultural survey report of Rangunia Upazila 2007