Early Works (film)

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Early Works
Directed byŽelimir Žilnik
Written byBranko Vučićević
Želimir Žilnik
Release date
  • 1969 (1969)
Running time
79 minutes

Early Works (Serbian: Rani Radovi, Serbian Cyrillic: Рани радови) is a 1969 Yugoslavian film by Serbian author Želimir Žilnik. It critically depicts the aftermath of the 1968 student demonstrations in Yugoslavia.[1] It won the Golden Bear at the 19th Berlin International Film Festival in 1969.[2]

The title was borrowed from the popular anthology of the early work by Marx and Engels published first in Yugoslavia in 1953. These early texts had a significant influence on the development of the Yugoslav Praxis School of philosophy. The title was chosen ironically[3] as a comment on the discrepancy between the theory, as expressed by Marx and Engels in their work, and practice, as implemented by the Soviet Union and other countries of real socialism[citation needed].




  1. ^ Aleksic, Tatjana (2013). The Sacrificed Body: Balkan Community Building and the Fear of Freedom. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 110−111.
  2. ^ "Berlinale 1969: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-03-07.
  3. ^ Levi, Pavle (2007). Disintegration in Frames: Aesthetics and Ideology in the Yugoslav and Post-Yugoslav Cinema. Stanford University Press. pp. 34–35. Želimir Žilnik's Early Works [...]—a 1969 film literally, but this time ironically, titled after Marx's writings

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