Raniganj (community development block)
|Community development block|
|Assembly constituency||Asansol Dakshin, Jamuria|
|• Total||16.01 sq mi (41.47 km2)|
|Elevation||299 ft (91 m)|
|• Density||6,350/sq mi (2,452/km2)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5.30)|
|Area code(s)||+91 341|
|Literacy Rate||65.85 per cent|
Raniganj (community development block) (Bengali: রাণীগঞ্জ সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক) is an administrative division in Asansol subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Raniganj police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Searsole Rajbari. Banshra, Chelad, Ratibati, Chapui, Jemari (J.K. Nagar Township), Amkula, Murgathaul, Raghunathchak, Ballavpur and Belebathan are urban areas in this block.
Searsole Rajbari is located at.
The Asansol-Durgapur region is composed of undulating laterite soil. This area lies between two rivers – the Damodar and the Ajay. They flow almost parallel to each other in the region – the average distance between the two rivers is around 30 km. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.
As per 2001 census, Raniganj block had a total population of 101,678, out of which 55,160 were males and 46,518 were females. Raniganj block registered a population growth of -20.45 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
The first Indian coal-mine to use a pit was established at Narayankuri in Raniganj, although the first coal mine was established elsewhere in 1774 by John Sumner and Suetonius Grant Heatly. Later, Prince Dwarakanath Tagore was involved with the pit, as the first Indian in the coal-mining business.
Asansol-Durgapur Development Authority (ADDA) has developed the Managalpur Industrial Estate.
As per 2001 census, Raniganj block had a total literacy of 65.85 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 76.59 per cent female literacy was 52.97 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.
Narayankuri ghat, on the Damodar was used by M/s Carr Tagore & Company for transporting coal to Kolkata by boat in the middle of the nineteenth century. Varying levels of water in the Damodar posed problems for transportation. In order to capture the lucrative coal transport business, East Indian Railway laid lines up to Raniganj in 1855. It captured the entire coal transport business. The line was extended to Asansol in 1863.
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