Raniganj (community development block)

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Raniganj
রাণীগঞ্জ
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Raniganj is located in West Bengal
Raniganj
Raniganj
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°37′44″N 87°06′54″E / 23.62889°N 87.11500°E / 23.62889; 87.11500
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Paschim Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Asansol
Assembly constituency Asansol Dakshin, Jamuria
Area
 • Total 22.50 sq mi (58.28 km2)
Elevation 302 ft (92 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 106,441
 • Density 4,700/sq mi (1,800/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 713347 (Raniganj)
713358 (Searsole Rajbari)
713323 (Ballavpur)
Telephone/STD code 0341
Vehicle registration WB-37,WB-38,WB-41,WB-42,WB-44
Literacy Rate 73.86 per cent
Website http://bdoraniganj.in/

Raniganj is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Asansol subdivision of Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Searsole Rajbari is located at 23°37′44″N 87°06′54″E / 23.629°N 87.115°E / 23.629; 87.115.

Raniganj CD Block is part of the Ajay Damodar Barakar tract. This area is sort of an extension of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. It is a rocky undulating area with laterite soil, with the Ajay on the north, the Damodar on the south and the Barakar on the west. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal, in the eighteenth century, led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[1][2]

Raniganj CD Block is bounded by Asansol (municipal corporation)/ Raniganj and Jamuria CD Block on the north, Andal CD Block on the east, Mejia CD Block, in Bankura district, on the south and Asansol (municipal corporation)/ Barabani CD Block on the west.[3][4]

It is located 99 km from Bardhaman, the district headquarters.[3]

Raniganj CD Block has an area of 58.28 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 6 gram panchayats, 74 gram sansads (village councils), 12 mouzas and 12 inhabited villages. Asansol North and Raniganj police stations serve this block.[5]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Raniganj.[6]

Nunia, a small stream about 40 km long has its origin near Adra village in the Salanpur area, flows through the Barabani area, past Asansol and joins the Damodar in the Raniganj area.[7]

Gram panchayats of Raniganj block/panchayat samiti are: Amrasota, Ballavpur, Egara, Jemari, Ratibati and Tirat. [8]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Raniganj CD Block had a total population of 106,441, of which 23,023 were rural and 83,418 were urban. There were 55,835 (52%) males and 50,606 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 12,885. Scheduled Castes numbered 37,491 (35.22%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 9,982 (9.38%). [9]

As per 2001 census, Raniganj block had a total population of 101,678, out of which 55,160 were males and 46,518 were females. Raniganj block registered a population growth of -20.45 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[10]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[11]Scheduled castes at 33,515 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 9,761.[12]

Census Towns in Raniganj CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Ratibati (4,508), Chapui (5,358), Jemari (J.K. Nagar Township) (13,179), Banshra (5,703), Belebathan (4,459), Chelad (7,471), Murgathaul (7,371), Amkula (5,445), Baktarnagar (5,112), Egara (7,623), Sahebganj (4,715), Raghunathchak (6,006) and Ballavpur (6,468).[9]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Raniganj CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Tirat (4,224).[9]

Other villages in Raniganj CD Block are (2011census figures in brackets): Saora (2,191), Kumardiha (2,142), Chalbalpur (3,567), Harabhanga (1,907), Damalia (1,118), Narankuri (2,176), Nimcha (2,065), Chak Janadhara (343), Sonachora (11), Chak Brindabanpur (818) and Napur (2,461).[9](All villages included in 2011 census data are mentioned here. Other villages or localities, if any, are parts of these villages.)

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Raniganj CD Block was 69,098 (73.86% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 40,733 (82.90% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 28,365 (63.86% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 19.04%.[9]

As per 2001 census, Raniganj block had a total literacy of 65.85 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 76.59 per cent female literacy was 52.97 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[13]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate

Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[3]

In 2001 Bengali was the mother-tongue of 79.9% of the population of Bardhaman district, Hindi was the mother-tongue of 10.9%, Santali 4.9%, Urdu 2.8%, Bhojpuri 0.1% and Oraon 0.1%. There were other languages spoken by small percentages. The percentage of population which reported Bengali as mother-tongue has declined from 82.3% in 1961 to 79.9% in 2001, the percentage of population which reported Hindi as mother-tongue increased from 8.5% in 1961 to 10.9% in 2001. However, as of 2017, CD Block-wise/ other region-wise break-up of mother tongue is not available in census/ other official sources.[14]

There have been reports in the media about the Hindi speaking population being substantial in the Asansol (Lok Sabha constituency).[15][16] Bardhaman district provided attractive livelihood opportunities for immigrants from Bihar/ Jharkhand.[17]

Religion in Raniganj CD Block
Hindu
  
90.87%
Muslim
  
6.42%
Christian
  
0.41%
Others
  
2.30%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 96,719 and formed 90.87% of the population in Raniganj CD Block. Muslims numbered 6,837 and formed 6.42% of the population. Christians numbered 441 and formed 0.41% of the population. Others numbered 2,444 and formed 2.30% of the population.[18]

Rural poverty[edit]

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Raniganj CD Block was 13.66%.[19]

Economy[edit]

Livelihood[edit]

In Raniganj CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 1.69%, agricultural labourers 4.15%, household industry workers 1.96% and other workers 92.19%.[20]

In Raniganj CD Block a large percentage of the total workers were engaged as ‘other workers’ and only a small percentage as cultivators or agricultural labourers. This is because Asansol subdivision is a colliery based industrial area, where a majority of the people are engaged in the secondary or tertiary sectors.[21]

Infrastructure[edit]

All 12 or 100% of mouzas in Raniganj CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.[20]

All 12 mouzas in Raniganj CD Block had drinking water facilities in 2013-14. There were 5 fertiliser depots, 3 seed stores and 38 fair price shops in the CD Block.[20]

Coal mining[edit]

Nimcha open cast project in Satgram Area of Eastern Coalfields has a mineable reserve of 8.70 million tonnes.[22]

Damalia open cast project in Satgram Area of Eastern Coalfields has a mineable reserve of 0.44 million tonnes.[22]

The coal-bed methane gas block of Essar Group, the largest CBM player in India, in Raniganj is close to commercial production.[23]

Industries[edit]

Asansol-Durgapur Development Authority (ADDA) has developed the Managalpur Industrial Estate.[24]

Agriculture[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Persons engaged in agriculture
in Raniganj CD Block

  Bargadars (15.92%)
  Patta holders (35.80%)
  Small farmers (2.06%)
  Marginal farmers (26.67%)
  Agricultural labourers (19.55%)

Although the Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[25]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Raniganj CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 15.92%, patta (document) holders 35.80%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 2.06%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 26.67% and agricultural labourers 19.55%.[20]

In 2003-04 net cropped area in Raniganj CD Block was 2,434 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 770 hectares.[26]

In 2013-14, Raniganj CD Block produced 4,016 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 1,475 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[20]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Raniganj CD Block had offices of 12 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[20]

Transport[edit]

Narayankuri ghat, on the Damodar, was used by M/s Carr Tagore & Company for transporting coal to Kolkata by boat in the middle of the nineteenth century.[27] Varying levels of water in the Damodar posed problems for transportation. In order to capture the lucrative coal transport business, East Indian Railway laid lines up to Raniganj in 1855.[27] It captured the entire coal transport business. The line was extended to Asansol in 1863.[27]

Bardhaman–Asansol section
to Asansol–Gaya section, Main Line
to Asansol–Tatanagar–Kharagpur line
106 Asansol Junction
Burnpur Airport / Grand Trunk Road
freight bypass to Damodar Station
101 Kalipahari / Asansol Airfield
Nunia River
88 Raniganj
Damodar River
Mejia Thermal Power Station
83 Baktarnagar Halt
to Andal–Sitarampur branch line
to Andal–Sainthia branch line
80 Andal / Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport
Andal Marshalling Yard
74 Pinjrapol Halt
DTPS
72 Waria
Durgapur Steel Plant
Alloy Steels Plant
Raturia Angadpur industrial area
Durgapur Projects Limited (DPL)
64 Durgapur
Jai Balaji Industries
Indian Oil Corporation depot
56 Rajbandh
48 Panagarh / Panagarh Airport
NH 2 / Grand Trunk Road
38 Mankar
29 Paraj
23 Galsi
20 Ishan Chandi Halt
to Sahibganj Loop
13 Khana
8 Talit
to Burdwan Katwa Railway
0 Barddhaman Junction
Main line, Chord

Sources: [28][29]

The Bardhaman-Asansol section, which is a part of Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line, Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line and Howrah-Delhi main line, passes through this CD Block and there is a station at Raniganj.[30]

Raniganj CD Block has 12 originating/ terminating bus routes.[20]

NH 19 (old number NH 2) and NH 14 (old number NH 60) cross at Raniganj.[31]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Raniganj CD Block had 46 primary schools with 5,807 students, 7 middle schools with 732 students, 1 high school with 688 students and 5 higher secondary schools with 6,042 students. Raniganj CD Block had 181 institutions for special and non-formal education with 5,723 students. Raniganj (then a municipal town, outside the CD Block) had 2 general colleges with 6,235 students.[20]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Raniganj CD Block had 1 rural hospital, 1 block primary health centre, 2 primary health centres, 1 central government/ PSU medical centre and 4 private nursing homes with total 107 beds and 8 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 20 family welfare sub centres. 5,522 patients were treated indoor and 191,301 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[20]

Raniganj CD Block has a rural hospital at Ballavpur, a block primary health centre at Raniganj and primary health centres at Baktarnagar and Tirat.[32][33]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Physiography, pages 13-14. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  2. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  3. ^ a b c "Raniganj Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  4. ^ "Tehsil Map of Barddhaman". CD Block/ Tehsil. Maps of India. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook: Barddhaman". Map of Barddhaman with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2017. 
  7. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, pp 26-27
  8. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  10. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  13. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  14. ^ "Census of India 2011: District Census Handbook Barddhaman" (PDF). Table 11: Population by Mother-tongue in Barddhaman district (1961-2001), page 51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "Red Corridors in West Bengal a Headache for EC". The New Indian Express, 7 May 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "Hindi speaking voters 'Modi'fied, Didi looks for answers". Maps of India, 1 April 2014. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Chapter I, Page 8. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 4.2: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Bardhaman 2005, page 94. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.7, 2.1, 8.2, 16.1, 17.2, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "District Human Development Report: Bardhaman" (PDF). Block/ Sub-division wise Variation in Occupational Distribution of Workers, page 47. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  22. ^ a b "Planning". Eastern Coalfields Limited. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  23. ^ "Oil and Gas". Largest CBM player in India. Essar. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  24. ^ "Promotion of West Bengal as an investment destination". Asansol-Durgapur Development Authority. WBIDC. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  25. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016. 
  26. ^ "District Human Development Report, Bardhaman" (PDF). Table 3.10, Gross Cropped Area, Net Cropped Area and Cropping Intesity of different blocks of Bardhaman district 2003-04, Page 53. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, May 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2017. 
  27. ^ a b c "Asansol". railindia. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  28. ^ "Bardhaman-Asansol MEMU 63505". India Rail Info. 
  29. ^ "Asansol Division System Map". Eastern Railway. Archived from the original on 26 April 2016. 
  30. ^ "63509 Bardhaman-Asansol MEMU". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  31. ^ "Rationalisation of Numbering Systems of National Highways" (PDF). New Delhi: Department of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 10 February 2017. 
  32. ^ "Bardhaman district". Medical Institutions. Bardhaman district administration. Retrieved 6 March 2017. 
  33. ^ "2011 District Census Handbook Bardhaman Part XII A" (PDF). Raniganj Block Map on page 214. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 6 March 2017.