Historic sites in Odisha

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[1]

This article lists monuments and sites of historic importance in Odisha.

Prehistoric[edit]

Site Date(s) Picture Location Description References
Gudahandi rock paintings c. 20000 BCE Kalahandi district Rock paintings from upper paleolithic.
Vikramkhol c.3000 BCE Jharsuguda Prehistoric human rock shelter with inscriptions. [2]

Ancient[edit]

Singhpur (In Jajpur Dist): Some historians say it was the capital of Sinha Bahu, a Kalinga King who was contemporary of Lord Buddh and Bimbisar of Rajgrih.His exiled son Prince Vijaya established Sinhalese dynasty in Sri Lanka.The Archaeological Survey of India has been requested to excavate this site to unravel the truth.

Site Date(s) Picture Location Description References
Dhauli 262 BCE Dhauli hillock Dhauli, Bhubaneswar Site of the Kalinga War [3]
Sisupalgarh c.300 CE Sisupalagada, Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar
20°13′35.9″N 85°51′11.0″E / 20.226639°N 85.853056°E / 20.226639; 85.853056
Ancient fort [4]
Asurgarh c.6th century CE Kalahandi Ancient fort with a moat and surviving ramparts of 9 meters. [5]
Bindusagar Tank c. 7-8th century CE Bindusagar Old Town, Bhubaneswar A ritual tank with a shrine in the center. [6]
Chausath Yogini Temples c. 9th century CE Jharial, Bolangir A group of 64 yogini temples. [7]
Chausathi Jogini Temple 9th century CE Chausathi Jogini Temple Hirapur, Khurda Hypaethral temple for 64 Yoginis in the outskirts of Bhubaneswar [8]
Anantashayana Vishnu 9th century CE Anantashayana Vishnu Sarang, Dhenkanal 15 meter long rock cut image of Vishnu lying in rest. [9]

Medieval[edit]

[Biraja Temple, Jajpur],13th Century, Built originally by Jajati Keshari of Soma Dynasty

Site Date(s) Picture Location Description References
Ratnagiri c.10th century Ratnagiri, Jajpur Jajpur Buddhist monastery built by the Bhaumakara dynasty [10]
Lalitgiri c.10th century Lalitgiri, Jajpur Cuttack A group Buddhist monasteries. [11]
Brahmeswara Temple 1058 CE Brahmeswara Temple, Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar Shiva temple built during reign of the Somavasmi Dynasty [12]
Jagannath Temple c.1090 Sri Jagannath Temple Puri, Orissa Puri Vaishnava temple built by Eastern Ganga dynasty kings. [13]
Lingaraja Temple c.1100 Lingaraj Temple, Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar Shiva temple built by Somavamsi kings. [14]
Gundicha Temple 12th century Gundicha Temple Puri Built by the Eastern Ganga dynasty. Houses the main idols during the Ratha Yatra festival. [15][16]
Barabati fort c. 1230 Barabati Fort, Cuttack Cuttack Presumed to have been built by Anangabhimadev III of the Eastern Ganga dynasty [17]
Kapilash Temple 1246 Kapilasa temple, Dhenkanal Dhenkanal Shiva temple constructed by Narasimhadeva I. [18]
Konark Sun Temple c. 1250 Konark Sun Temple Konark Supposedly built by king Narasimhadeva I of Eastern Ganga Dynasty around 1250. [19]
Ananta Vasudeva Temple c.1278 Ananta Vasudeva Temple, Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar Vaishnava temple built by Queen Chandrika, daughter of Anangabhimadeva III, of the Eastern Ganga dynasty [13][20]
Atharanala Bridge c.1300 Atharanala, Puri Puri
19°49′11″N 85°49′54.1″E / 19.81972°N 85.831694°E / 19.81972; 85.831694
Bridge with 18 arches, purportedly built by Narasimhadeva II of Eastern Ganga Dynasty. [21]
Annakoteshvara Temple 16th Century Latadeipur, Gondia, Dhenkanal Shiva temple built during the reign of the Gajapati dynasty [22][23]
Baladevjew Temple 1707 Baladevjew Temple, Ichhapur, Kendrapara district, Odisha. Kendrapara Temple built during Maratha occupation of Orissa. [24]
Qadam-e-Rasool 1718 Cuttack Mosque built by Shuja-ud-Din Muhammad Khan. Purportedly contains a Qadam Rasul (footprint of the Prophet Muhammad). [25]

Colonial[edit]

Site Date(s) Picture Location Description References
Joranda Gadi Early 20th century Joranda Gadi, Dhenkanal, Odisha Joranda, Dhenkanal Contains the samadhi of the founder of the Mahima Dharma sect. [26]
Inchudi 1930 Balasore Site of Salt Satyagraha in the state. [27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pl see Dr Mahatab's Ancient History of Odisha
  2. ^ "Ancient rock art starts to fade out: Engravings in Vikramkhol cave under threat". The Telegraph (India). 27 December 2011. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  3. ^ Subodh Kapoor (2002). Indian Encyclopaedia. Cosmo Publications. p. 1137. ISBN 978-81-7755-257-7. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  4. ^ Paul Yule. Early Historic Sites in Orissa (Delhi 2006) 19-22. 
  5. ^ Amalananda Ghosh. An Encyclopaedia of Indian Archaeology. BRILL. p. 25. ISBN 90-04-09264-1. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "Bindusagar Tank" (PDF). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "Ranipur-Jharial Yogini Temple: A Ninth Century Monument Remains in Ruins". The New Indian Express. 7 March 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "Yogini temple of Hirapur". The Hindu. 17 Oct 2003. 
  9. ^ "Anantasayana Visnu" (PDF). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  10. ^ "Excavated Buddhist site, Ratnagiri". Archaeological Survey of India. Archaeological Survey of India. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  11. ^ "Excavated Buddhist site, Lalitgiri". Archaeological Survey of India. Archaeological Survey of India. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  12. ^ "Brahmeswara Temple" (PDF). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  13. ^ a b Prabhat Mukherjee (1981). The History of Medieval Vaishnavism in Orissa. Asian Educational Services. pp. 29–. ISBN 978-81-206-0229-8.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Mukherjee1981" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  14. ^ Pabitra Mohana Nāẏaka (2011). Inscriptions of Orissa: With Special Reference to Subarnapur. Readworthy. p. vii. ISBN 978-93-5018-042-6. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  15. ^ "Gundicha Temple" (PDF). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  16. ^ "Five Lakh Throng Gundicha Temple in Puri". The New Indian Express. 7 July 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  17. ^ Hemanta K. Mohapatra (January 2004). "Remembering the Great Barabati Fort" (PDF). Orissa Review (Government of Odisha). Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  18. ^ "Kapilash Temple". District Portal: Dhenkanal. Government of Odisha. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  19. ^ Indian History. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. p. B3. ISBN 978-0-07-132923-1. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  20. ^ Trilochan Dash. Story of Lord Sri Jagannatha in Srimandira at Sri Purusottam Kshetra. Trilochan Dash. p. 31. GGKEY:Y2TR84PZ0DD. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  21. ^ O. M. Starza (1993). The Jagannatha Temple at Puri: Its Architecture, Art, and Cult. BRILL. p. 8. ISBN 90-04-09673-6. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  22. ^ "Alphabetical List of Monuments - Orissa". Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  23. ^ "Annakotesvara Temple" (PDF). Indira Gandhi National Centre For The Arts (IGNCA). Indira Gandhi National Centre For The Arts (IGNCA). Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  24. ^ "30 lakhs were granted for the renovation of Baldevjew and Mausi Maa temples under heritage conservation project.". The Indian Express. 9 June 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  25. ^ Mohammed Yamin (May 2011). "Islamic Monuments in Cuttack" (PDF). Orissa Review (Government of Odisha). Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  26. ^ "Joranda Gadi" (PDF). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA). Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  27. ^ "Satyagraha memory fades with time". The Telegraph (India). 12 September 2012. Retrieved 10 June 2014.