Ranishwar

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Ranishwar/ Raneshwar
Ranishwar
Block
Ranishwar/ Raneshwar is located in Jharkhand
Ranishwar/ Raneshwar
Ranishwar/ Raneshwar
Ranishwar/ Raneshwar is located in India
Ranishwar/ Raneshwar
Ranishwar/ Raneshwar
Location in Jharkhand, India
Coordinates: 24°1′52″N 87°25′11″E / 24.03111°N 87.41972°E / 24.03111; 87.41972Coordinates: 24°1′52″N 87°25′11″E / 24.03111°N 87.41972°E / 24.03111; 87.41972
Country  India
State Jharkhand
District Dumka district
Elevation 80 m (260 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 89,336
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Santali, Bengali
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 814148
Telephone code 06434
Vehicle registration JH XX
Sex ratio 969 /
Literacy 47.54%%
Climate warm-temperate (Köppen)

Ranishwar is a block in Dumka district of Jharkhand, India.[1][2] The village has an old temple dedicated to hindu God Shiva also known as "Ranishwar Nath" from which the village derives its name. Dumka-Suri main road connects Jharkhand and West Bengal. A place named 'Border' is located at the extremity of the block.

Geography[edit]

Ranishwar is located at 24° 1' 60N 87° 25' 0E. It has an average elevation of 80 metres (260 ft).[3] Ranishwar is 43 km from its District Main City Dumka. It is 228 km far from its State Main City Ranchi. Nearby villages are Pathra (.7 km), Kumirdaha (3.8 km), Sadipur (6.6 km), Patjor (6.9 km), Rangalia (8.6 km). Saltola, Sukhjora, Taldangal, Banskuli, Bilkandi, Dakshinjol are the villages along with this village in the same Ranishwar Tehsil.

Ranishwar has predominantly undulating terrain with hard rocks in the underground. The entire block has a topography with high ridges and valleys bounded by mountains and rivers. The fertility of soil is poor due to extensive erosion, acidic character and low retaining capacity. On the south of Ranishwar lies the famous Mayurakshi river, on the west lies the hills of Massanjore (Rajmahal hills).

Climate[edit]

Ranishwar has a warm-temperate climate, with warm, humid summers and mild, damp winters.

Climate data for Dumka
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.1
(64.6)
21.0
(69.8)
25.9
(78.6)
30.3
(86.5)
30.7
(87.3)
30.1
(86.2)
28.4
(83.1)
28.1
(82.6)
28.2
(82.8)
27.0
(80.6)
23.3
(73.9)
19.0
(66.2)
25.8
(78.4)
Average low °C (°F) 10.2
(50.4)
13.2
(55.8)
17.4
(63.3)
22.3
(72.1)
23.9
(75)
24.7
(76.5)
24.1
(75.4)
23.7
(74.7)
23.6
(74.5)
21.0
(69.8)
16.0
(60.8)
11.1
(52)
19.3
(66.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 9.0
(0.354)
15.0
(0.591)
21.0
(0.827)
35.0
(1.378)
72.0
(2.835)
198.0
(7.795)
343.0
(13.504)
293.0
(11.535)
273.0
(10.748)
116.0
(4.567)
9.0
(0.354)
7.0
(0.276)
116.0
(4.567)
Source: Weatherbase [4]

Demography and culture[edit]

The population in the block is predominantly Bengali speaking due to its close proximity with West Bengal. The block is considered the centre of the Bengali language movement in Jharkhand.[2] There is a good number of Muslim population also. As of 2011 India census,[5] Ranishwar had a population of 89336. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Ranishwar has an average literacy rate of 47.54, lower than the national average of 74.4%: male literacy is 59.54% and, female literacy is 35.12%. In Dumka, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy[edit]

Most of the villagers belong to the lower and middle-class background. They depend on farming on their own land and others land. Only a few of the residents work in the service sector. Popular business of the region is shop owner. Ranishwar block is filled with shops of various kinds such as clothes, hardwares, cement, sweets etc. Ranishwar has some Nationalized Banks a list of which is mentioned below[6]

List of Banks near Ranishwar
S.No. Bank Location IFSC Code MICR Code ATM
1 Central Bank of India Ranishwar (Amjora) cbin0282438 non-micr
2 State Bank of India Ranishwar sbin0003433 [7] 814002502 Near State Bank
3 State Bank of India Asanbani sbin0012545 [8] 816002999
4 State Bank of India Kumirdaha sbin0009802 814002518

Transport[edit]

Ranishwar is connected with road to the neighboring city. Since July 2011 Dumka is connected with newly built Jasidih - Dumka railway line. Since then Ranishwar got a new connectivity to the Howrah-New Delhi line, via Dumka-Jasidih. Although there is an ongoing work on new railway line, which will connect Dumka to Bhagalpur (Bihar) and Rampurhat (west Bangal) in coming years.

But Buses are the preferred mode of transport and are run by both government agencies and private operators.Dumka has good connectivity to it neighboring district with buses.There is luxury night bus service between Dumka - Ranchi and Kolkata. The following are Railway stations close to Ranishwar[6]

  1. Siuri Railway Station located at a distance of 21 kilometres (13 mi)
  2. Chinpal Railway Station located at a distance of 26 kilometres (16 mi)
  3. Gadadharpur Railway Station located at a distance of 28 kilometres (17 mi)
  4. Sainthia Railway Station located at a distance of 29 kilometres (18 mi)
  5. Dumka Railway Station located at a distance of 40 kilometres (25 mi)

Education[edit]

Mayurakshi Gramin College located at Ranishwar provides higher education to the students.[6] Ranishwar has some[which?] CBSE schools, and government schools following NCERT syllabus.[citation needed] A list of schools in and around Ranishwar are:[6]

  1. Ranigram Middle School established in the year 1901, is one of the oldest school in Dumka district. the headmistress of this school Mrs Bharati Chatterjee.
  2. Raghunathpur Govt. High School
  3. UPG Middle School Rangalia
  4. Govt. Middle School Kumirdaha follows NCERT syllabus
  5. Sadipur Govt. Middle School
  6. Govt. Middle School Dhanbasa follows NCERT syllabus
  7. Sido Kanhu High school Affiliated to CBSE board, New Delhi
  8. '"M G College"' Mayurakshi Gramin College, Ranishwar
  9. '"Girls School Ranishwar

Tourist places[edit]

Masanjore Dam

Masanjore is a picnic spot situated in Dumka District of Jharkhand. This small village is about 31 km south of Dumka. The Masanjore dam on the Mayurakshi River is a major draw.[citation needed] From the counterpart rupee fund created through supplies of wheat and other materials from Canada for use in India, Canada Govt. devoted those funds to further development of the Mayurakshi project And Masanjore dam was commissioned in 1955.[citation needed] The Dam is therefore still sometimes known as the 'Canada Dam'.[citation needed] The dam is bounded by hills and forests. Mayurakshi Bhawan Bungalow and Inspection Bungalow offer accommodation in the village. By road, Masanjore is connected with Vakreshwara (59 km), Sainthia (50 km), Tarapith (70 km), Rampurhat (62 km) and Deoghar (98 km). Masanjor dam or the Pearson dam on river Mayurakshi is in the foot hills of range of forest clad parallel hill ranges. This place is a hydro electric power generating center but has become a tourist popular center.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "मोड़े-मांझी की बैठक में भीड़े पुलिस और ग्रामीण (Police Firing at ParPalsha)". जागरण Yahoo. 10 April 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Sarkar, Gautam: Campaign to save Bangla, The Telegraph, August 28, 2002.
  3. ^ "Raneswar, India Page". fallingrain.com. Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  4. ^ "Weatherbase: Weather for Dumka, India". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 22, 2011.
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Ranishwar Tehsil". onefivenive.com. Retrieved 14 April 2012. 
  7. ^ "State Bank of India Ranishwar IFSC Code". Retrieved 2015-06-09. 
  8. ^ "State Bank of India Asanbani IFSC Code". Retrieved 2015-06-09.