|Minister of Health|
|Minister of Labour and Social Welfare|
18 February 1989 – 5 January 1990
|Member of Parliament
22 July 1977 – 8 March 1989
|Preceded by||Mahinda Rajapaksa|
|Succeeded by||seat abolished|
|Member of Parliament
9 March 1989 – 24 June 1994
|Born||Ranjit Kaniska Parakrama Atapattu
29 April 1933
Tangalle, Sri Lanka
|Political party||United National Party|
|Relations||D. P. Atapattu (father)|
|Alma mater||Royal College, Colombo, University of Ceylon|
Ranjit Kaniska Parakrama Atapattu (29 April 1933 – ) is a Sri Lankan physician and politician.
Ranjit Kaniska Parakrama Atapattu was born 29 April 1933 in Tangalle, the son of Don Peter (Member of Parliament for Beliatta and Parliamentary Secretary to the Cabinet Minister of State). He was educated at Royal College Colombo and the University of Ceylon, between 1954 and 1960, where he obtained a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery. Ataputta was employed as Medical Officer between 1960 and 1966, before establishing his own general medical practice.
Ataputta was first elected to parliament at the 8th parliamentary elections in July 1977, representing the United National Party in the Beliatta electorate, where he defeated the sitting member, Mahinda Rajapaksa, by over 6,000 votes. President J. R. Jayewardene, reluctant to give up the massive majority his party secured in 1977, held a referendum to cancel the 1983 parliamentary elections, and extend the life of the 1977 parliament until 1989. Jayewardene also decreed that all United National Party parliamentarians, whose electoral districts had not supported the referendum, would have to run in a by-election. Atapattu resigned from his seat 10 February 1983 but was subsequently successful in the May 1983 by-elections, defeating Rajapaska by nearly 3,000 votes.
Atapattu was appointed the Minister for Colombo Group of Hospitals (a project Ministry under the Ministry of Health) in August 1978. He was then appointed the Minister of Health in the Jayewardene cabinet in 1982 and held the position until 1989. At the 1989 parliamentary elections he ran as the United National Party candidate in the Hambantota electorate and was duly elected with 10,381 preference votes (18.35%), behind Rajapkasa's 13,073 preference votes (23.11%). In 18 February 1989 Ataputta was appointed Minister of Labour and Social Welfare as part of the Premadasa cabinet and held the position until 5 January 1990.
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