Rankings of universities in Canada

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Several nationally, and internationally-based publications release annual rankings of universities in Canada. Rankings have most often been conducted by magazines, newspapers, websites, governments, or academia. Ranking are established to help inform potential applicants about Canadian universities based on a range of criteria, including student body characteristics, classes, faculty, finances, library, and reputation. Various rankings consider combinations of factors, including funding and endowment, research excellence and/or influence, specialization expertise, admissions, student options, award numbers, internationalization, graduate employment, industrial linkage, historical reputation and other criteria. Various rankings also evaluate universities based on research output. Canadian-based publications have generally limited their evaluations on universities in Canada, whereas internationally-based rankings ranked Canadian institutions alongside other higher education institutions around the world.

Several nationally-based publication have ranked Canadian universities, the most prominent being the news magazine Maclean's under the name Guide to Canadian Universities which began in 1991.[1] Canadian universities have also ranked in prominent international rankings including the Academic Ranking of World Universities, QS World University Rankings, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, and the U.S. News & World Report Best Global University Ranking.

International-based rankings[edit]

A number of Canadian universities, including all members of the U15 Group of Canadian Research Universities, were ranked in the four major international universities rankings, including the Academic Ranking of World Universities, the QS World University Ranking, the Times Higher Education World University Ranking, and the U.S. News & World Report Best Global University Ranking. Nine out of ten provinces have universities placed in international rankings, with Prince Edward Island being the only province whose university was not ranked in the four major rankings.

The following table lists the university's global rank with their national rank in parenthesis.

University 2017 Academic Ranking of World Universities[2] 2018 QS World University Ranking[3] 2018 Times Higher Education World University Ranking[4] 2018 U.S. News & World Report Best Global University Ranking[5]
University of Alberta 101 – 150 (5) 90 (4) 119 (6) 134 (6)
University of British Columbia 31 (2) 51 (3) 34 (2) 27 (2)
Brock University N/A N/A N/A 990 (29)
University of Calgary 151 – 200 (6–8) 217 (9) 201 – 250 (7–10) 183 (7)
Carleton University N/A 651 – 700 (23–24) 501 – 600 (19–23) 505 (19)
Concordia University 401 – 500 (18–19) 431 – 440 (16) 501 – 600 (19–23) 645 (24)
Dalhousie University 301 – 400 (12–17) 279 (12) 251 – 300 (11–14) 328 (14)
University of Guelph 301 – 400 (12–17) 491 – 500 (19) N/A 425 (18)
Lakehead University N/A N/A N/A 1039 (30)
Université Laval 301 – 400 (12–17) 378 (15) 251 – 300 (11–14) 296 (13)
University of Lethbridge N/A N/A N/A 1078 (32)
University of Manitoba 301 – 400 (12–17) 551 – 600 (21) 401 – 500 (17–18) 405 (17)
McGill University 67 (4) 32 (2) 42 (3) 49 (3)
McMaster University 66 (3) 140 (6) 78 (4) 128 (4)
Memorial University of Newfoundland N/A 701 – 750 (25) 501 – 600 (19–23) 623 (23)
Université de Montréal 151 – 200 (6–8) 130 (5) 108 (5) 129 (5)
University of New Brunswick N/A N/A N/A 905 (27)
University of Northern British Columbia N/A N/A 601 – 800 (24–26) N/A
University of Ottawa 151 – 200 (6–8) 289 (13) 201 – 250 (7–10) 208 (8)
Université du Québec N/A 501 – 550 (20) 501 – 600 (19–23) [Notes 1]
Queen's University 201 – 300 (9–11) 224 (10) 251 – 300 (11–14) 374 (15)
University of Regina N/A N/A 601 – 800 (24–26) 818 (T–25)
Ryerson University N/A 801 – 1000 (26) N/A 818 (T–25)
University of Saskatchewan 301 – 400 (12–17) 451 – 460 (18) 401 – 500 (17–18) 539 (20)
Université de Sherbrooke N/A 601 – 650 (22) 501 – 600 (19–23) 607 (22)
Simon Fraser University 401 – 500 (18–19) 245 (11) 251 – 300 (11–14) 282 (12)
Trent University N/A N/A N/A 1070 (31)
University of Toronto 23 (1) 31 (1) 22 (1) 20 (1)
University of Victoria 301 – 400 (12–17) 346 (14) 301 – 350 (15) 273 (11)
University of Waterloo 201 – 300 (9–11) 152 (7) 201 – 250 (7–10) 230 (9)
University of Western Ontario 201 – 300 (9–11) 210 (8) 201 – 250 (7–10) 267 (10)
Wilfred Laurier University N/A N/A N/A 1169 (33)
University of Windsor N/A 651 – 700 (23–24) 601 – 800 (24–26) 956 (28)
York University N/A 441 – 450 (17) 351 – 400 (16) 395 (16)

Notes:

  1. ^ Publication did not look at the Université du Québec system as a whole, but at its individual component institutions. The Université du Québec à Montréal was ranked 552 (21) in the 2018 ranking.

National-based rankings[edit]

A number of Canadian-based publications have ranked universities in the Canada. The most prominent of which is Maclean's, a Toronto-based news magazine that has published an annual rankings of Canadian universities since 1991.[1] In addition to the Maclean's ranking, there are other Canadian-based publications that also rank Canadian universities. In 2012, the Toronto-based Higher Education Strategy Associates published a study ranking Canadian Universities based on research strength. The study ranks Canadian Universities in two broad fields: Science and Engineering, and Social Sciences and Humanities.[6]

A number of nationally-based organizations have also crafted ranking using input from students and alumni. In 2014, the Toronto-based CampusRanking.ca began publication of its annual Canadian University and College Rankings, focusing on undergraduate education. The student-generated rankings asked over 40,000 undergraduate students and alumni to rate their schools. The survey was done across 135 schools in Canada.[7] This data was used to develop a school matching quiz, MatchU, where students are matched to schools based on their personality type and school preferences.[8] In February 2017, UniversityMagazine.ca, based in Windsor and Edmonton, started publishing its list of Top 10 universities in Canada.[9] UniversityMagazine.ca surveyed undergraduate and graduate students at 96 Canadian universities, using this information to rank the universities

Maclean's[edit]

Maclean's rankings focus on taking a measure of the "undergraduate experience".[10] The rankings are split into three categories: schools that focus on undergraduate studies with few to no graduate programs, schools that have both extensive undergraduate studies and an extensive selection of graduate programs and schools that have a professional medical program and a selection of graduate programs.[11] A notable difference between rankings in the United States and Maclean's rankings, however, is that Maclean's excludes privately funded universities.

In addition to these three main categories, Maclean's also produces a reputation ranking for universities, as well as rankings for individual subjects.

Medical/Doctoral universities[edit]

Maclean's ranking for "Medical/Doctoral" universities is for universities with a broad range of Ph.D programs and research, as well as an associated medical school. The Medical/Doctoral category includes some of the country's largest universities. The following is Maclean's 2017 ranking of medical/doctoral universities.[12]

Rank University
1 McGill University
2 University of Toronto
3 University of British Columbia
4 Queen's University
5 University of Alberta
6 McMaster University
7 Dalhousie University
8= University of Western Ontario
8= University of Ottawa
10 University of Calgary
11 Université de Montréal
12 Université Laval
13 Université de Sherbrooke
14= University of Manitoba
14= University of Saskatchewan

Comprehensive universities[edit]

Maclean's ranking for comprehensive universities is for universities with a significant degree of research activity and a wide range of programs at the undergraduate and graduate, and professional degrees. The following is the 2017 edition of Maclean's comprehensive university ranking.[13]

Rank University
1 Simon Fraser University
2 University of Victoria
3 University of Waterloo
4 University of Guelph
5 Carleton University
6 University of New Brunswick
7= Memorial University of Newfoundland
7= York University
9 Wilfrid Laurier University
10= Concordia University
10= Ryerson University
12 Université du Québec à Montréal
12= University of Regina
14 University of Windsor
15 Brock University

Undergraduate universities[edit]

Maclean's rankings for primary undergraduate is for universities smaller in size, and offer fewer graduate programs then universities found in its other categories. The following is the 2017 edition of Maclean's undergraduate university ranking.[14]

Rank University
1 University of Northern British Columbia
2 Mount Allison University
3 University of Lethbridge
4 Trent University
5= Acadia University
5= St. Francis Xavier University
7 Saint Mary's University
8 University of Prince Edward Island
9 Bishop's University
10 Laurentian University
11= Lakehead University
11= University of Ontario Institute of Technology
13 University of Winnipeg
14 Université de Moncton
15 St. Thomas University
16 Mount Saint Vincent University
17 Brandon University
18= Cape Breton University
18= Nipissing University

Criticism[edit]

The University of Calgary produced a formal study examining the ranking methodology, illuminating the factors that determined its rank and criticising certain aspects of the methodology. The University of Alberta, the University of Toronto and University of Manitoba have expressed displeasure over the ranking system.[15]

Since September 2006, over 20 Canadian universities, including several of the most prestigious and largest universities such as the University of Ottawa, University of Toronto, University of British Columbia, University of Alberta, Concordia University, McMaster University and Dalhousie University, jointly refused to participate.[16] University of Alberta president Indira Samarasekera wrote that Maclean's initially filed a "Freedom of Information" request but that it was "too late" for the universities to respond. Samarasekera further stated, "Most of [the universities] had already posted the data online, and we directed Maclean's staff to our Web sites. In instances where the magazine staff couldn’t find data on our Web site, they chose to use the previous year's data."[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Honey, Kim (29 October 2015). "2016 Maclean's University Rankings: A letter from the editor". Maclean's. Rogers Media. Retrieved 13 November 2017. 
  2. ^ "Canadian Universities in Top 500". ShanghaiRanking Consultancy. 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  3. ^ "QS World University Rankings - 2018". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2017. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "World University Rankings 2018". Times Higher Education. 2017. Retrieved 5 September 2017. 
  5. ^ "Best Global Universities in Canada". U.S. News & World Report LP. October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017. 
  6. ^ Jarvey, Paul; Usher, Alex (2012). "Measuring Academic Research in Canada: Field-Normalized University Rankings 2012" (PDF). Higher Education Strategy Associates. Retrieved 13 November 2017. 
  7. ^ "School Rankings". Campusranking.ca. Student Life Network. Retrieved 13 November 2017. 
  8. ^ "MatchU". Campusranking.ca. Student Life Network. Retrieved 13 November 2017. 
  9. ^ "Top Universities in Canada". UniversityMagazine.ca. AMG Brands. 19 February 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2017. 
  10. ^ "Maclean's – Maclean's unveils its 21st annual University Rankings". newswire.ca. CNW Group Ltd. 26 October 2011. 
  11. ^ Dwyer, M. (13 November 2006). "Our 16th Annual Rankings: We evaluated 47 Canadian universities, by the numbers and under the microscope". Retrieved 9 May 2009. 
  12. ^ "University rankings Canada 2017: Medical/Doctoral". Maclean’s. Rogers Media. 26 October 2016. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  13. ^ "University rankings Canada 2017: Comprehensive". Maclean's. Rogers Media. 26 October 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  14. ^ "University rankings Canada 2017: Primarily undergraduate". Maclean's. Rogers Media. 26 October 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  15. ^ "Maclean's releases its 20th university rankings". Vancouversun.com. 10 November 2010. Retrieved 2012-06-06. 
  16. ^ Schmidt, S. (2 September 2006). "Universities continue to shun Maclean's ranks". Canada.com. Postmedia News. Retrieved 9 May 2009. 
  17. ^ Samarasekera, Indira (2 April 2007). "Rising Up Against Rankings". Inside Higher Ed.