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Rankinston is a village situated 3/4 mile off the B730, approximately 12 miles south east of the town of Ayr. Rankinston commands a panoramic view of over 20 miles north looking over the towns of Ayr, Prestwick and Troon.
During the reign of Robert the Bruce, tradesmen, merchants and farmers were encouraged from the continent to settle in Scotland in an attempt to improve the country. A Flemish family by the name of Rankin acquired the lands of Mill o'Shiel and it is thought that this is where Rankinston gets its name.
The village was built to allow the coal miners that worked in the local pits to have housing close to their work. At first these were miners' rows built by the pit owners, very basic dwellings consisting of one room and outside toilet, sometimes up to 11 members of the same family would live in this one room. During the 1920s the local council built housing of much higher standard.
Over the years the village has gone from a farming hamlet in the 1700 to a bustling mining village with over 800 inhabitants in 1900 to a rural outpost of just 260 inhabitants to date. The recent decine in population was due to the closure of Littlemill pit in 1974.
The village had a shop,but is now served by a mobile post office also a weekly doctors clinic and Community Centre that is run by East Ayrshire Council, but managed by the local members of the village. There is also a regular bus link to Ayr every 2 hours .
It is well known for having one road which serves as the only access and escape route.
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