Ranoji Scindia

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Ranoji Scindia
Book of Maratha History having all the details of Ranoji Rao Shinde.jpg
History Research Book having details of Shrimant Ranoji Rao Shinde
Reign 1731 - 1745
Successor Jayappaji Rao Scindia
Died 19 July 1745
Shujalpur, Malwa
Spouse Maina Bai
Chima Bai
Issue Jayappaji Rao Scindia
Dattaji Rao Scindia
Jyotiba Rao Scindia
Tukoji Rao Scindia
Mahadji Scindia
House Scindia
Father Jankoji Scindia
Religion Hindu-Maratha

Ranoji Scindia[1] (Marathi: राणोजी शिंदे) (died 19 July 1745, Shujalpur, Madhya Pradesh) also known as Ranoji Rao Scindia, was Peshwa Bajirao's General during 1720 to 1745. He was the founder of princely Gwalior State ruled by the Scindia dynasty of the Marathas.

Ranoji was Patil of Kanherkheda (Kannerkhera),[2] a small place in Satara District, Maharashtra, east of Satara.

He started his career as Sardar under the leadership of Peshwa Baji Rao and later on established himself in Malwa, as the Marathas took it over from the Mughals. In his part of the region, around Gwalior, he was outside the effective power of the Maratha Empire.

During the invasion and conquest of Malwa in 1723, Ranoji served as one of the three most senior commanders under Peshwa Bajirao. He acquired a considerable territory and possessions as part of the Malwa settlement in 1731, and became Subedar of that province in 1736.

He established his seat at Ujjain in 1731, which remained the capital of the Scindias until 1810.

Ranoji died at Shujalpur, Malwa on 19 July 1745. He left three legitimate sons, Jayappaji Rao Scindia, Dattaji Rao Scindia and Jyotiba Rao Scindia, and two illegitimate, Tukoji Rao Scindia and Mahadaji Scindia. His sons played an important part in the subsequent history of the Maratha confederacy.


  1. ^ Ranojirao Scindia, Shinde.
  2. ^ gwalior2

See also[edit]

Ranoji Scindia
Born: - Died: 1745
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Maharaja of Gwalior
Succeeded by
Jayappaji Rao Scindia