Ranomafana National Park
|Ranomafana National Park|
Entrance sign to Ranomafana National Park
|Governing body||Madagascar National Parks Association|
|Region||List of World Heritage Sites in Africa|
Ranomafana National Park is in the southeastern part of Madagascar in Haute Matsiatra and Vatovavy-Fitovinany. With more than 41,600 hectares (161 square miles) of tropical rainforest, it is home to several rare species of flora and fauna including the golden bamboo lemur, the greater bamboo lemur, black and white ruffed lemur and Milne-Edwards sifaka, and over 120 species of frogs. Pitta like ground rollers, blue vangas, short-legged ground rollers and brown mesites can be seen. The park was established in 1991 with the purpose of conserving the unique biodiversity of the local ecosystem and reducing the human pressures on the protected area. It is part of the World Heritage Site Rainforests of the Atsinanana. Adjacent to the park is the Centre ValBio research station, established in 2003 and managed by Stony Brook University with a focus on biodiversity research, community health and education, environmental arts and reforestation.
National Roads nos. 45 and 25 cross the park.
Flora and fauna
The park is an important example of cloud forest, with very high levels of biodiversity.
There are a number of lemur species, including:
- Eastern woolly lemur, Avahi laniger
- Aye-aye, Daubentonia madagascariensis
- Greater dwarf lemur, Cheirogaleus major
- Greater bamboo lemur, Prolemur simus
- Golden bamboo lemur, Hapalemur aureus
- Eastern lesser bamboo lemur, Hapalemur g. griseus
- Red-bellied lemur, Eulemur rubriventer
- Red-fronted brown lemur, Eulemur rufifrons
- Sportive lemur, Lepilemur sp.
- Black and white ruffed lemur, Varecia variegata variegata
- Brown mouse lemur, Microcebus rufus
- Milne-Edwards' sifaka Propithecus diadema edwardsi
The flora and fauna of Ranomafana have been subject to extensive scientific research. Scientific publications have been published.
There is a lodge and an ecolodge of a private touristic operator at the entrance of the national park.
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