Ransdell Act

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Ransdell Act
Great Seal of the United States
Long title An Act to establish and operate a National Institute of Health, to create a system of fellowships in said institute, and to authorize the Government to accept donations for use in ascertaining the cause, prevention, and cure of disease affecting human beings, and for other purposes.
Enacted by the 71st United States Congress
Effective May 26, 1930
Public law 71-251
Statutes at Large 46 Stat. 379, Chapter 320
Acts repealed 42 USC § 17-25e, July 1, 1944
Titles amended 42: Public Health and Social Welfare
U.S.C. sections created Chapter 1 § 23a
Legislative history

The Ransdell Act (ch. 251, Pub.L. 71–251, 46 Stat. 379, enacted May 26, 1930, codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. § 21, 42 U.S.C. § 22, 42 U.S.C. §§ 23a23g), reorganized, expanded and redesignated the Laboratory of Hygiene (created in 1887)[1] as the National Institute of Health.[2]

Congress appropriated $750,000 in the bill for construction of facilities and research fellowships.[3] The NIH grew into today's 27-unit National Institutes of Health).[4][5]

Marine Hospital on Staten Island - home of the Laboratory of Hygiene from 1887-91. Today the building is part of Bayley Seton Hospital

The Ransdell Act was sponsored by and named for Joseph E. Ransdell, a United States Senator for the state of Louisiana.


  1. ^ "Birth of the Hygienic Laboratory". Origins of the National Institutes of Health. U.S. National Library of Medicine. May 8, 1987. 
  2. ^ Luiggi, Cristina (May 28, 2011). "One-Man NIH, 1887". The Scientist. Retrieved 21 June 2011. 
  3. ^ "National Institutes of Health". ERAWATCH. Retrieved 2008-01-17. 
  4. ^ "Popular Names of Acts beginning with R". U.S. Code Collection. Legal Information Institute (LII), Cornell Law School. Retrieved 2008-01-17. 
  5. ^ "Records of the National Institutes of Health". Retrieved 2008-01-17.