An Act to establish and operate a National Institute of Health, to create a system of fellowships in said institute, and to authorize the Government to accept donations for use in ascertaining the cause, prevention, and cure of disease affecting human beings, and for other purposes.
71st United States Congress
May 26, 1930
Statutes at Large 46
Stat. 379, Chapter 320
42 USC § 17-25e, July 1, 1944
42: Public Health and Social Welfare
U.S.C. sections created Chapter 1 § 23a
Ransdell Act (ch. 251, Pub.L. 71–251, 46 Stat. 379, enacted May 26, 1930, codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. § 21, 42 U.S.C. § 22, 42 U.S.C. §§ 23a– 23g), reorganized, expanded and redesignated the Laboratory of Hygiene (created in 1887) as the National Institute of Health.  
Congress appropriated $750,000 in the bill for construction of facilities and research fellowships.
The NIH grew into today's 27-unit  National Institutes of Health).  
The Ransdell Act was sponsored by and named for
Joseph E. Ransdell, a United States Senator for the state of Louisiana.
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