Ranulf of Wareham

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Ranulf of Wareham
Bishop of Chichester
Appointed c. 17 December 1217
Term ended September 1222
Predecessor Richard Poore
Successor Ralph Neville
Other posts Prior of Norwich
Orders
Consecration 7 January 1218
Personal details
Died September 1222
Buried perhaps Chichester Cathedral

Ranulf of Wareham (or Ranulph de Wareham or Ralph Wareham; died 1222) was a medieval Bishop of Chichester.

Life[edit]

Ranulf was a monk of Norwich Cathedral before becoming prior of that foundation by 1217.[1] Nothing else is known of his ancestry or origins except that he either came from Wareham, Dorset or Warham, Norfolk. He is referred to as magister, showing that he had a university education. He acted as Bishop John de Gray of Norwich's agent during Gray's frequent absences from his see, and after Gray died in 1214, King John of England appointed him the royal custodian of the diocese during the vacancy. With the election of Pandulph to Norwich in 1215, Ranulf was once more left in charge of the diocese while the bishop went to Rome.[2] As the agent for John de Gray, he did most of the administrative work in the diocese.[3]

Ranulf was captured by the baronial forces in May 1216, and was not released until August 1217. He owed his capture to his service to one of the main supporters of King John. However, at some point in 1217 he was elected by the cathedral chapter of Norwich to the office of prior. It is unclear if he was ever formally installed as prior before his election as bishop of Chichester. His elevation to the episcopate was due to the influence of the papal legate Cardinal Guala Bicchieri.[2]

Ranulf was nominated to the see of Chichester about 17 December 1217, and was consecrated on 7 January 1218.[4] His election was a rare example of a monk being chosen as bishop by a non-monastic cathedral chapter.[5] He mainly occupied himself with diocesan affairs, although he did journey to Rome in 1218 to negotiate about the payment of tribute on the king's behalf.[2]

Ranulf died on 14 September or 15 September in 1222,[4] after having been paralyzed for some time.[2] His death was commemorated on 15 September.[6] His bones may have been found in 1829 in Chichester Cathedral.[2]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 2: Monastic Cathedrals (Northern and Southern Provinces): Norwich: Priors
  2. ^ a b c d e Hoskin "Wareham, Ranulf of" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  3. ^ Harper-Bill "John and the Church" King John p. 294
  4. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 239
  5. ^ Moorman Church Life p. 161 footnote 3
  6. ^ Greenway Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 5: Chichester: Bishops

References[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Richard Poore
Bishop of Chichester
1217–1222
Succeeded by
Ralph Neville