Rao Tula Ram

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Rao Tularam Singh
Raja
Rao Tula Ram Chowk.jpg
Rao Tularam Chowk, Jhajjar
Reign 1838 -1857
Predecessor Rao Puran Singh
Successor British Raj
Born circa (1825-12-09)9 December 1825
Rampura, Rewari, Ahirwal, Punjab region
Died 23 September 1863(1863-09-23) (aged 37)
Kabul, Afghanistan
Father Rao Puran Singh
Mother Rani Gyan Kaur

Rao Tularam Singh (circa 9 December 1825 – 23 September 1863) was one of the key leaders of the Indian rebellion of 1857 in Haryana, where he is considered a state hero.[1] He was born in a Ahir Yadav family to Rao Puran Singh and Rani Gyan Kaur.

He is credited with temporarily driving all of the British rule from the region that today is south-west Haryana during the rebellion, and also helping rebel forces fighting in the historic city of Delhi with men, money, and materiel. Noted as a good administrator and military commander.[2]

War of independence[edit]

On 17 May 1857 he along with his cousin, Rao Gopal Dev, and four to five hundred followers, deposed the local tehsildar and occupied Rewari. He raised a force of about 5000 soldiers and set up a workshop for manufacturing the guns and other ammunition. Rao Tula Ram helped Emperor Bahadur Shah and other rebel forces who were waging war against British in Delhi. He sent Rs 45000/- through General Bakht Khan, ten days before the fall of Delhi and supplied large quantities of necessary commodities and supplied two thousand sacks of wheat . His forces fought against the British on 16 November 1857 in the field of Nasibpur - Narnaul, The first charge of Rao Tularam's forces was irresistible and The British forces scattered before them, and British commanding officers Colonel John Grant Gerrard and Capt. Wallace were beheaded and Lieutenant Graiji, Kennedy and Pearse were severely wounded.[3]

He was at the point of defeating the British force under Colonel Gerrard when the pro-British, Sikh army from Nabha, Kapurthala, Jind and Patiala came to their rescue.[4]

After that British forces have heavy artillery and infantry they broke the backbone of Rao's forces and the commanders of Rao's, Rao Kishan singh, Rao Ram Lal, Sahjada Muhammad Ajam, Nephew and son's of Abdus samad khan and many others top ranking officers whose names perhaps we would never be able to find out were killed in action. The battle of Narnaul was undoubtedly one of the most decisive battles of the uprising of 1857. The English felt jubilant over their success in this confrontation, for it resulted in the marked close of the crucial period of the struggle in the Haryana region and Northern Rajasthan.[3]

After the battle of Narnaul Rao Tularam movers in to Rajasthan and join the force of Tantya tope for one year but the forces of the Tantya tope were defeated by British forces in Sekar( Rajasthan) war, then Rao Tularam left India and reach abroad for foreign helps against Britisher's, He died in Kabul in the age of 38 on 23 September 1863, Rao Tularam's estates were confiscated by the British in 1859, though proprietary rights of his two wives were retained. In 1877, his title was restored to his son Rao Yudhister Singh, who was made head of the Ahirwal.[5]

Legacy[edit]

The Government of India issued a postage stamp on 23 September 2001 featuring Rao Tularam.[6] Institutions named in his honour include:

  • Rao Tularam Memorial Hospital, Jaffarpur Kalan, Delhi[7]
  • Rao Tularam Market, Nihal Vihar, Nangloi, Delhi
  • Rao Tularam Market, Mohan Garden, Hastsal, Delhi
  • Rao Tularam Govt. Sarvodaya school, New Delhi
  • Shri Tula Ram Public School, Sultanpuri, Delhi
  • Rao Tularam Stadium, Rewari, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam College, Delhi University
  • Rao Tularam Marg, near IGI Airport Delhi
  • Rao Tularam Chowk, Khera Village, Gurgaon, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Chowk, Friends Colony, Mahendergarh, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Chowk (Naiwali Chowk), Rewari, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Memorial Park, Rewari, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam National Prograce Sen. Sec. School, Bikaner, Rajasthan
  • Rao Tularam Model Collage, Sec 51 Gurgaon
  • Rao Tularam Circle (Jail circle), Alwar, Rajasthan
  • Rao Tularam Fountain Park, Sec 4, Gurgaon
  • Rao Tularam Stadium, Dhana Kalan, Hisar, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Sen. Sec. School, Jamawadi, Hansi, Haryana
  • Shahid Rao Tularam Sen. Sec. School, Surjanwas, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Khel Stadium, Patuada, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Khel Stadium, Misri, Chaki Dadari, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Chowk, Jhajjar, Haryana
  • Shahid Rao Tularam Park, Basant Vihar, Bahadurgarh, Haryana
  • Rao Tularam Vihar, Rewari, Haryana

Shahidi mela[edit]

A two-day Shahidi mela (fair) is held annually in September at Rampura (Rewari) to commemorate the death anniversary of Rao Tularam.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Republic Day Celebrations". The Tribune. 28 January 2008. 
  2. ^ Haryana (India) (1988). Haryana District Gazetteers: Mahendragarh. Haryana Gazetteers Organization. Retrieved 30 September 2012. [page needed]
  3. ^ a b Prakash, Buddha (1967). Glimpses of Haryana. University of Kurukshetra. p. 110. Retrieved 8 May 2016. 
  4. ^ Dr P., CHOPRA (15 August 1973). WHO’S WHO OF INDIAN MARTYRS Vol 3. Publications Division Ministry of Information & Broadcasting. pp. 146–147. ISBN 9788123021829. Retrieved 29 July 2016. 
  5. ^ Punjabi University (2001). "The Panjab Past and Present, Volume 32". Punjab (India). Department of Punjab Historical Studies, Punjabi University, Original from the University of Michigan. pp. 76, 77, 78. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  6. ^ "Gallery of Indian Stamps - 2001". indiapicks.com. 
  7. ^ "Directorate of Health Services". Department of Health. Archived from the original on 28 March 2012. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 
  8. ^ R. K. Upadhyay (1996). Widowed and Deserted Women in Indian Society. India. Dept. of Women and Child Development & Harnam Publications. p. 71. ISBN 9788185247113. 

Further reading[edit]

  • K.C. Yadav, Rao Tula Ram, National Book Trust of India (2008). ISBN 978-81-237-5110-8
  • Er. Anil Yadav," Krantidoot- Rao Raja Tularam (1999) Sarita Book House , Delhi

  • Dr. Ravindra Singh Yadav & Vijay pal, 1857 Ki kranti k purodha: Rao Raja Tularam,2013 Punit Publication, Jaipur ISBN 978-81-88559-54-1