Raoul De Keyser
Early life and education
De Keyser was born in Deinze on 29 August 1930, and lived there all his life. His father was a carpenter. He began to paint on his own as a teenager but soon started writing for daily newspapers, commentating eclectically on sport and art. He attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Deinze under the painter Roger Raveel from 1963 to 1964. While at school, De Keyser joined New Vision, a Flemish movement led by Raveel with the avowed aim of "revaluing everyday reality". His wife, Dina Baudoncq, whom he married in 1952, died in 1984.
De Keyser created abstract paintings and works on paper. He switched from acrylic to oil paint in the mid-1970s. His mature paintings often consist of a few sparse patches of paint laid over a monochrome field. The paintings are layered or washed with muted tones, and feature primal organic shapes, grids, lines and strokes. Many of the images are based on small cardboard cutouts, continually rearranged.
De Keyser has been the subject of solo exhibitions in Bern and Frankfurt (1991), and regular exhibitions in Antwerp, Berlin, Munich, New York, Vienna and elsewhere. For much of his career he exhibited primarily in Belgium and the Netherlands, achieving international recognition only after his work was included in documenta in 1992.
In 2011, he had a solo exhibition at the De Loketten, Flemish Parliament, in Brussels, Belgium, and in 2009, a retrospective at the Kunstmuseum Bonn, Germany. In 2004, a retrospective of Raoul De Keyser's paintings was held at the Whitechapel Gallery in London, and toured to Museé de Rochechouart, Rochechouart, France; De Pont Museum of Contemporary Art, Tilburg, The Netherlands; Fundacao Serralves, Porto, Portugal; and the Kunstverein St. Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland in summer 2005. At the end of 2006, there was a large overview of his work at the Museum of Fine Arts in Brussels, Belgium. Other solo exhibitions include the Fonds Régional d’Art Contemporain Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France (2008); Museum van Deinze en de Leiestreek, Deinze, Belgium (2007); Museum Dhondt-Dhaenens, Deurle, Belgium (2002); Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst, Ghent; The Renaissance Society at the University of Chicago (both 2001); and The Royal Hibernian Academy, Dublin (2000).
He has been included in major international group exhibitions, such as Documenta IX (1992), Der Zerbrochene Spiegel. Positionen zur Malerei (Vienna and Hamburg, 1993) and Unbound. Possibilities in Painting (Hayward Gallery, London, 1994.
De Keyser's work is held in public collections worldwide, including the Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh; Museum Ludwig, Cologne; the Museum of Modern Art, New York; Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst, Ghent; among others.
- "Raoul De Keyser overleden : De sfinx van Deinze zwijgt voorgoed - Belga Algemeen". Knack.be. Retrieved 2012-10-07.
- Roberta Smith (16 October 2012), Raoul De Keyser, Belgian Abstract Painter, Dies at 82 New York Times.
- Christopher Masters (14 October 2012), Raoul de Keyser obituary The Guardian.
- Raoul De Keyser: FREEDOM, 20 September – 29 October 2011 David Zwirner, New York.
- Raoul De Keyser: Across, 18 April – 25 May 2002 White Cube, London.
- Roberta Smith (17 November 2006), Art in Review; Raoul De Keyser New York Times.
- Barry Schwabsky, Raoul De Keyser: Whitechapel Art Gallery, London, ArtForum, Summer 2004.
- Raoul De Keyser at David Zwirner
- Raoul De Keyser: Replay solo exhibition Kunstmuseum Bonn, Bonn, Germany, August 2009
- Selected Press on Raoul De Keyser