Raoul II of Tosny

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Raoul II de Tosny[a] seigneur de Conches-en-Ouche (1027 - died 9 April 1102) was a Norman nobleman of the House of Tosny, son of Roger I of Tosny and older brother of Robert de Stafford / Tosny.[1][2] He was active in Normandy, England and Wales.

Hastings in 1066[edit]

He is one of the few proven companions of William the Conqueror known to have fought at the Battle of Hastings in 1066.[3] Tradition says he gave up the role of standard bearer, his hereditary office, to Walter Giffard, in order to be able to fight closer to William, duke of Normandy.

Feud[edit]

Raoul became embroiled in a feud with William, Count of Évreux due to a disagreement between William's wife Helvise de Nevers and his wife, Isabel.[4] This came to open war in 1091–92, when William attacked Conches. A settlement was reached.[5] They later co-operated in attacking Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester's county of Meulan.

Raoul had widely spread holdings, his seat was at Flamstead in Hertfordshire, while he held lands in western Gloucestershire.[6] He was granted Clifford Castle,[6] and it is also believed that he held assets in the village of Hose, Leicestershire, which was split into two manors, Tosny's and that of the title holder of the Norman Belvoir Castle.

Family[edit]

Raoul married Isabel de Montfort, daughter of Simon I de Montfort.[7] They had:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ralph Tosny, Ralph de Toeni, Ralph de Tonei, Ralph de Tony, Ralph de Toni, Ralph de Todeni, Ralph de Tosney, Raoul de Conches, Raoul de Toeny, Raf Thoney, Rafe de Tosny.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falconer Madan M.A. - The Gresleys of Drakelow, Toeni pedigree page 223 and Chapter 2, page 16 (Oxford, 1899)
  2. ^ Mason 1979, p. 209.
  3. ^ Mason 1979, p. 124.
  4. ^ Johns 2003, p. 14.
  5. ^ Barlow 1983, p. 286.
  6. ^ a b Lewis 1985, p. 208.
  7. ^ Châtelain 1983, p. 86.
  8. ^ a b Mason 1979, p. 125.
  9. ^ Murray 2000, p. 31.

Sources[edit]

  • Barlow, Frank (1983). William Rufus. University of California Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Châtelain, André (1983). Châteaux forts et féodalité en Ile de France, du XIème au XIIIème siècle (in French). Nonette.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Johns, Susan M. (2003). Noblewomen, aristocracy and power in the twelfth-century Anglo-Norman realm. Manchester University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Lewis, Christopher (1985). "The Norman Settlement of Herefordshire under William I". In Brown, Reginald Allen (ed.). Anglo-Norman Studies VII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1984. VII. The Boydell Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Mason, Emma (1979). "Magnates, curiales, and the Wheel of Fortune". In Brown, Reginald Allen (ed.). Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman Studies: 1979. II. The Boydell Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Murray, Alan V. (2000). The Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A Dynastic History 1099-1125. Prosopographica et Genealogica.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)