Raoul Pictet

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Raoul-Pierre Pictet
Pictet Raoul.jpg
Raoul-Pierre Pictet
Born4 April 1846 (1846-04-04)
Geneva
Died27 July 1929(1929-07-27) (aged 83)
Paris
NationalitySwiss
Known forLiquid nitrogen
AwardsDavy Medal (1878)
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics
InstitutionsUniversity of Geneva
Signature
Pictet Raoul signature.jpg

Raoul-Pierre Pictet (4 April 1846 – 27 July 1929) was a Swiss physicist. He was the first person to liquefy nitrogen.[1]

Biography[edit]

Pictet was born in Geneva. He served as professor in the university of that city. He devoted himself largely to problems involving the production of low temperatures and the liquefaction and solidification of gases.[2]

On December 22, 1877, the Academy of Sciences in Paris received a telegram from Pictet in Geneva reading as follows: Oxygen liquefied to-day under 320 atmospheres and 140 degrees of cold by combined use of sulfurous and carbonic acid. This announcement was almost simultaneous with that of Cailletet who had liquefied oxygen by a completely different process.[3][3]

Pictet died in Paris in 1929.[4]

Works[edit]

  • Pictet, Raoul (1878). Mémoire sur la liquefaction de l'oxygène, la liquefaction et la solidification de l'hydrogène: et sur les théories des changement des corps. J. Sandoz.
  • Pictet, Raoul (1879). Synthèse de la chaleur: Résumé des communications faites à la réunion de la Société helvétique des sciences naturelles tenue à Saint-Gall. H. Georg.
  • Nouvelles machines frigorifiques basées sur l'emploi de phénomènes physicochimiques (1895)
  • Étude critique du matérialisme et du spiritualisme par la physique expérimentale (1896)
  • L'acétylène (1896)
  • Le carbide (1896)
  • Zur mechanischen Theorie der Explosivstoffe (1902)
  • Die Theorie der Apparate zur Herstellung flüssiger Luft mit Entspannung (1903)
  • Pictet, Raoul (1879). Synthèse de la chaleur: Résumé des communications faites à la réunion de la Société helvétique des sciences naturelles tenue à Saint-Gall. H. Georg.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pictet, Raoul (1896). "Die Fortschritte Der Physik". 51 (1–2): 234.
  2. ^ For biographical details, see Sloan, T. O'Connor (1920). Liquid Air and the Liquefaction of Gases. New York: Norman W. Henley. pp. 152–171.
  3. ^ a b Matricon, Jean; Waysand, G. (2003). The Cold Wars: A History of Superconductivity. Rutgers University Press. pp. 6–. ISBN 978-0-8135-3295-0.
  4. ^ Arabatzis, Theodore; Renn, Jürgen; Simões, Ana (19 May 2015). Relocating the History of Science: Essays in Honor of Kostas Gavroglu. Springer. pp. 9–. ISBN 978-3-319-14553-2.