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Rapcore (sometimes referred to as punk rap) is a fusion genre of hip hop and punk rock or hardcore punk.[1][2][3][4][5]


Rapcore originated from rap rock, a genre fusing vocal and instrumental elements of hip hop with rock.[1][2] Beastie Boys, formerly a hardcore punk group, began working in the hip hop genre. Their debut album, Licensed to Ill, largely featured a rock-based sound.[6] Biohazard is considered to be a strong influence on the genre's development.[7] Huntington Beach-based punk band Hed PE performs a fusion of styles ranging from hip hop and reggae to punk rock, hardcore punk and heavy metal.[8] Although they are considered to be performers in the rapcore genre,[9] they refer to their musical style as "G-punk".[10][11] Kottonmouth Kings perform a style which they refer to as "psychedelic hip-hop punk rock".[12]

Among the first wave of bands to gain mainstream success were 311,[13] Bloodhound Gang,[1] Limp Bizkit[14] and Suicidal Tendencies.[15] Although the popularity of these styles is believed to be declining,[16] some believe that rapcore may regain popularity, with younger music fans discovering bands in the genre.[17] Drew Simollardes of the rapcore band Reveille states that "I feel like lately it’s more appropriate. People are sick of a lot of the stuff that’s out there right now."[17]


  1. ^ a b c Ambrose, Joe (2001). "Moshing - An Introduction". The Violent World of Moshpit Culture. Omnibus Press. p. 5. ISBN 0711987440. 
  2. ^ a b McIver, Joel (2002). "The Shock of the New". Nu-metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk. Omnibus Press. p. 10. ISBN 0711992096. 
  3. ^ Dent, Susie (2003). The Language Report. Oxford University Press. p. 43. ISBN 0198608608. 
  4. ^ Signorelli, Luca (ed.). "Stuck Mojo". Metallus. Il libro dell'Heavy Metal (in Italian). Giunti Editore Firenze. p. 173. ISBN 8809022300. 
  5. ^ Bush, John (2002). "Limp Bizkit". All Music Guide to Rock. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 656. ISBN 087930653X. One of the most energetic groups in the fusion of metal, punk and hip-hop sometimes known as rapcore 
  6. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Review of Licensed to Ill". AllMusic. Retrieved 31 December 2008. 
  7. ^ "Biohazard stays on top of the hard-core underground". The News-Sentinel. 15 November 2001. Retrieved 31 December 2008. 
  8. ^ Sculley, Alan (28 August 2008). "(Hed) p.e. wants (no) interference". Naperville, Illinois: The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved 2008-08-23. [dead link]
  9. ^ "(hed) PE-style". Idaho Statesman. 13 July 2007. Retrieved 31 December 2008. 
  10. ^ Scire, Dawn (2003-03-14). "(hed) p.e.'s frontman touches down.". Sarasota Herald-Tribune (Sarasota, Florida). Retrieved 2008-08-23. 
  11. ^ Owen, Arrissia (25 November 1999). "Not So Hed, Not so (pe)". OC Weekly. Retrieved 2008-08-23. 
  12. ^ Ankeny, Jason. "Biography for Kottonmouth Kings". AllMusic. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  13. ^ Armstrong, Sara (22 October 1999). "CD Review: 311's Soundsystem". University Wire. Retrieved 31 December 2008. 
  14. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Three Dollar Bill Y'All - Limp Bizkit". AllMusic. Retrieved 8 March 2012. Limp Bizkit quickly rose to the top of the alt-metal subgenre known as 'rapcore'. 
  15. ^ Newquist, H. P; Maloof, Rich (2004). "Introduction". The New Metal Masters. Backbeat Books. p. 6. ISBN 0879308044. 
  16. ^ Grierson, Tim. "What Is Rap-Rock: A Brief History of Rap-Rock". About.com. Retrieved 31 December 2008. 
  17. ^ a b Wedge, Dave (24 December 2008). "Reveille answers wake-up call". Boston Herald. Retrieved 31 December 2008.