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Rapcore is a fusion genre of hip hop and punk rock or hardcore punk.[1][2][3][4][5]


Rapcore originated from rap rock, a genre fusing vocal and instrumental elements of hip hop with rock.[1][2] Beastie Boys, formerly a hardcore punk group, began working in the hip hop genre. Their debut album, Licensed to Ill, largely featured a rock-based sound.[6] Biohazard is considered to be a strong influence on the genre's development.[7] Huntington Beach-based punk band Hed PE performs a fusion of styles ranging from hip hop and reggae to punk rock, hardcore punk and heavy metal.[8] Although they are considered to be performers in the rapcore genre,[9] they refer to their musical style as "G-punk".[10][11] Kottonmouth Kings perform a style which they refer to as "psychedelic hip-hop punk rock".[12] Three of the earliest formative rapcore bands were 311, Rage Against the Machine, and Every Day Life.[13] Professional critic Mark Allan Powell considers the rap rock song "Jesus Freak" by DC Talk, which was marginalized by many critics due to its Christian lyrical content, the turning point of when the popularity of grunge gave way to rapcore.[13]

Among the first wave of bands to gain mainstream success were 311,[14] Bloodhound Gang,[1] Limp Bizkit[15] and Suicidal Tendencies.[16] Although the popularity of these bands is believed to be declining,[17] some believe that rapcore may regain popularity, with younger music fans discovering bands in the genre.[18] Drew Simollardes of the rapcore band Reveille states that "I feel like lately it’s more appropriate. People are sick of a lot of the stuff that’s out there right now."[18]


  1. ^ a b c Ambrose, Joe (2001). "Moshing - An Introduction". The Violent World of Moshpit Culture. Omnibus Press. p. 5. ISBN 0711987440. 
  2. ^ a b McIver, Joel (2002). "The Shock of the New". Nu-metal: The Next Generation of Rock & Punk. Omnibus Press. p. 10. ISBN 0711992096. 
  3. ^ Dent, Susie (2003). The Language Report. Oxford University Press. p. 43. ISBN 0198608608. 
  4. ^ Signorelli, Luca (ed.). "Stuck Mojo". Metallus. Il libro dell'Heavy Metal (in Italian). Giunti Editore Firenze. p. 173. ISBN 8809022300. 
  5. ^ Bush, John (2002). "Limp Bizkit". All Music Guide to Rock. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 656. ISBN 087930653X. One of the most energetic groups in the fusion of metal, punk and hip-hop sometimes known as rapcore 
  6. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Review of Licensed to Ill". AllMusic. Retrieved 31 December 2008. 
  7. ^ "Biohazard stays on top of the hard-core underground". The News-Sentinel. 15 November 2001. Retrieved 31 December 2008. 
  8. ^ Sculley, Alan (28 August 2008). "(Hed) p.e. wants (no) interference". Naperville, Illinois: The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved 2008-08-23. [dead link]
  9. ^ "(hed) PE-style". Idaho Statesman. 13 July 2007. Retrieved 31 December 2008. 
  10. ^ Scire, Dawn (2003-03-14). "(hed) p.e.'s frontman touches down.". Sarasota Herald-Tribune (Sarasota, Florida). Retrieved 2008-08-23. 
  11. ^ Owen, Arrissia (25 November 1999). "Not So Hed, Not so (pe)". OC Weekly. Retrieved 2008-08-23. 
  12. ^ Ankeny, Jason. "Biography for Kottonmouth Kings". AllMusic. Retrieved 2008-08-04. 
  13. ^ a b Powell, Mark Allan (2002). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Christian Music. Hendrickson Publisher. p. 241, 311. ISBN 1-56563-679-1. 
  14. ^ Armstrong, Sara (22 October 1999). "CD Review: 311's Soundsystem". University Wire. Retrieved 31 December 2008. 
  15. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Three Dollar Bill Y'All - Limp Bizkit". AllMusic. Retrieved 8 March 2012. Limp Bizkit quickly rose to the top of the alt-metal subgenre known as 'rapcore'. 
  16. ^ Newquist, H. P; Maloof, Rich (2004). "Introduction". The New Metal Masters. Backbeat Books. p. 6. ISBN 0879308044. 
  17. ^ Grierson, Tim. "What Is Rap-Rock: A Brief History of Rap-Rock". About.com. Retrieved 31 December 2008. 
  18. ^ a b Wedge, Dave (24 December 2008). "Reveille answers wake-up call". Boston Herald. Retrieved 31 December 2008.