Raphael Bousso

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Raphael Bousso (/ˈbs/) is an Israeli theoretical physicist and string theorist. He is a professor at Department of Physics, UC Berkeley. He is known for the proposal of Bousso's holographic bound, also known as the covariant entropy bound.[1][2][3]


Raphael Bousso received his Ph.D. from Cambridge University in 1998 under Stephen Hawking and went on to become a postdoc at Stanford University. He also worked at the Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics in Santa Barbara. In 2002/03 he was a fellow at the Harvard University physics department and the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. In July 2003 he joined the physics department at UC Berkeley.


His research is focused on how cosmological selection effects help allow us to make predictions and, ultimately, to test the string landscape. His lecture "The World as a Hologram" is featured in LBNL's Summer Lecture Series.[4]


  1. ^ Bousso, Raphael (13 Aug 1999). "A Covariant Entropy Conjecture". Journal of High Energy Physics (7). Bibcode:1999JHEP...07..004B. arXiv:hep-th/9905177Freely accessible. doi:10.1088/1126-6708/1999/07/004. 
  2. ^ Bousso, Raphael (9 Aug 1999). "Holography in General Space-times". Journal of High Energy Physics (6). Bibcode:1999JHEP...06..028B. arXiv:hep-th/9906022Freely accessible. doi:10.1088/1126-6708/1999/06/028. Archived from the original on 24 June 1999. 
  3. ^ Bousso, Raphael (5 Aug 2002). "The holographic principle". Reviews of Modern Physics. 74 (3): 825–874. Bibcode:2002RvMP...74..825B. arXiv:hep-th/0203101Freely accessible. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.74.825. 
  4. ^ Bousso's lecture at LBNL

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