Carter's first novel is the postcyberpunk The Fortunate Fall (1996). Acclaimed as "a superb example of speculative fiction," it appeared on Locus recommended reading list, and in the Locus Award it was 4th among first novels, after two tied winners. It caused Carter to be nominated for the John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer in 1997 and 1998.
Carter's short story "'Congenital Agenesis of Gender Ideation' by K.N. Sirsi and Sandra Botkin" was shortlisted for the Theodore Sturgeon Award and won the James Tiptree, Jr. Award in 1998. This makes Carter the first non-female to be the sole winner of the Tiptree (Elizabeth Hand in 1995 was a co-winner with Theodore Roszak); Carter reportedly "does not identify as male or female" and wrote the "Androgyny Rarely Asked Questions" and "The Murk Manual: How to Understand Medical Writing on Intersex".
Between May 1998 and April 2002, Carter maintained the Honeyguide Web Log - an "eclectic weekly list of links emphasizing books, robotics, and the natural sciences." This was the first site to be named a weblog after Jorn Barger's example, and Carter launched the first weblog directory at the Open Directory Project in November 1998.
- Hilchey, Tim (1996-09-22). "The Fortunate Fall". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-04-11.
- Carter, Raphael (1998). "'Congenital Agenesis of Gender Ideation' by K.N. Sirsi and Sandra Botkin". In Patrick Nielsen Hayden (ed.). Starlight 2. Tor Books.
- Davis, Ray; Candas Jane Dorsey, Sylvia Kelso, Kate Schaefer, Chair, Lisa Tuttle (1998). "James Tiptree, Jr. Award 1998 Winner". The James Tiptree, Jr. Literary Award Council. Retrieved 2013-05-15.
- Quilter, Laura (2007-06-13). "Index to Female Writers in Science Fiction, Fantasy & Utopia: 18th Century to the Present". Feminist Science Fiction, Fantasy, & Utopia. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
- Carter, Raphael (1998). "Androgyny RAQ (Rarely Asked Questions)". Chaparraltree.com. Archived from the original on 2000-08-15. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
- Carter, Raphael (1997). "The Murk Manual: How to Understand Medical Writing on Intersex". Chrysalis: The Journal of Transgressive Gender Identities 2 (5). ISSN 1064-864X. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
- Carter, Raphael (April 2002). "Archives by Date". Honeyguide Web Log. Archived from the original on 2004-08-07. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
- Carter, Raphael; Robert Occhialini (1999-10-19). "Web Logs". Open Directory Project. Archived from the original on 1999-10-19. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
- Ammann, Rudolf (2009). "Jorn Barger, the NewsPage network and the emergence of the weblog community". Proceedings of the 20th ACM conference on hypertext and hypermedia. Torino, Italy: ACM. pp. 279–288. doi:10.1145/1557914.1557962. ISBN 978-1-60558-486-7. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- Patrick and Teresa Nielsen Hayden: "Anatomy of a Sale: Raphael Carter's The Fortunate Fall to Tor Books." In The Science Fiction and Fantasy Writer's Sourcebook, 2nd ed., ed. David Borcherding. Cincinnati: Writer's Digest Press, 1996. ISBN 0-89879-762-4
- Walton, Jo (2010-01-06). "'Locked in our separate skulls': Raphael Carter's The Fortunate Fall". Tor. Retrieved 2015-06-01.
- Raphael Carter's Usenet posts at Google Groups: 1993-5, 1996-8 and 1998-9
- Raphael Carter at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Judges' comments on the Congenital Agenesis... at Tiptree Award site
- Honeyguide Web Log at the Internet Archive
- Raphael Carter's photostream at Flickr
- Raphael Carter's contributions to the Wikimedia Commons