Rapid Action Force

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Rapid Action Force
Rapid Action Force logo.png
Emblem of Rapid Action Force
Motto "Serving Humanity with Sensitive Policing"
Agency overview
Formed 11 December, 1991
Volunteers 8,000 Active Personnel
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agency IN
Operations jurisdiction IN
Governing body Ministry of Home Affairs (India)
General natureFederal law enforcement
Headquarters New Delhi, India

Minister responsible
Agency executive
Parent agency Central Armed Police Forces
Notables
Anniversary
  • 7 October
Website
http://crpf.gov.in/Pages/RAF.aspx

The Rapid Action Force (RAF) is a specialised wing of the Indian CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force) to deal with riot and crowd control situations.[1]

History[edit]

RAF was raised on 11 December 1991 with headquarters in New Delhi. It became fully operational on 7 October 1992, to deal with riots, riot like situations, crowd control, rescue and relief operations, and related unrest.[2][1] The first five battalions were raised by October 1992 and an additional 5 battalions were added in April 1994. On October 2003, with 11 years of service, the force was presented with the President's colours.[1] On 9 November 2013, the RAF Academy of Public Order was established in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh.[3][4] In 2017, the Indian government approved an additional five battalions to be based in New Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.[5]

Organisation[edit]

RAF is commanded by an Inspector-General of Police (IGP), functioning at New Delhi. The RAF is divided into two ranges headed by a DIGP at New Delhi and Mumbai. RAF is having a distinct dress of blue disruptive pattern that symbolises peace. It's motto is "Serving Humanity with Sensitive Policing".

It currently has 10 specialised trained and equipped battalions, which are numbered 99 to 108 in the CRPF. Each battalion is headed by an officer of the rank of Commandant.[1] The battalions are located at New Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Bhopal, Aligarh, Meerut, Hyderabad, Jamshedpur, Coimbatore and Allahabad.[citation needed]

Team is the smallest independent functional unit of the force and is commanded by an inspector. Each team has three components, namely riot control, tear some and fire. Each company of RAF has one team composed of women personnel to deal with women demonstrators.[1]

The force is equipped with non-lethal weapons for dispersing the crowd with minimum harm and losses. It is always kept in readiness for rapid deployment when situation so demands and are only deployed by the orders of Ministry of Home Affairs on specific demands from state governments for a short duration.[citation needed]

Horse Mounted personnel of the RAF for riot-control

Role[edit]

Riot and crowd control[edit]

This unit has been used to deal with communal violence, law and order duty, festival and election duties and agitation.[5]

United Nations Peace Keeping Operations[edit]

The CRPF female and male contingents under the arrangements of RAF are deployed in United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL), Monrovia and Zwedru in UN Peacekeeping mission since 2007-08. CRPF Female Formed Police Unit was the first of its kind in the world, which was deployed under the aegis of UN Peace Keeping Mission.[1]

Humanitarian Activities[edit]

RAF has also succeeded in projecting the human face of the Government and built bridges with the public by carrying out prompt rescue and relief operations during floods, earthquakes, cyclones and outbreak of epidemics in various parts of the country.[1]

Anti-Terror Operations[edit]

During the November 2008 Mumbai Terror Attacks, RAF was involved in cordoning the areas around the Oberoi Trident and the Taj Mahal hotels. Kamlesh Kumari of the 88 Mahila Battalion was posthumously awarded the Ashoka Chakra for her bravery during the 2001 Indian Parliament attack.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "RAF Sector | Directorate General | Dte/Zone | Central Reserve Police Force, Government of India". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-10-06.
  2. ^ "Rapid Action Force (RAF)". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 2008-11-26.
  3. ^ "RAF Academy of Public Order inaugurated in Meerut". Jagranjosh.com. 2013-11-10. Retrieved 2017-10-06.
  4. ^ ANI (2013-11-10). "Shinde inaugurates 'RAF Academy of Public Order' in Meerut". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2017-10-06.
  5. ^ a b "RAF adding 5 new battalions to tackle increasing cases of violence". hindustantimes.com/. 2017-09-22. Retrieved 2017-10-06.
  6. ^ http://archive.mid-day.com/news/2009/aug/110809-Kamlesh-Kumari-CRPF-Constable-2001-Parliament-attacks-Indomitables-Ashok-Chakra-Delhi.htm