Rapid Support Forces (Sudan)

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Rapid Support Forces
FoundedAugust 2013
Country Sudan
AllegianceSudan Government of Sudan
SizeEstimated to be around 40,000 to 70,000 personnel
Part ofPresidency of Sudan
RSF CommanderMohamed Hamdan Dagalo

The Rapid Support Forces (Arabic: قوات الدعم السريع‎) are Sudanese paramilitary forces operated by the Sudanese Government. For technical and administrative purposes the RSF are administered by the National Intelligence and Security Service, although during military operations they are commanded by the Sudanese Armed Forces.[1] The current commander of the RSF is Gen. Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo.[2]


The RSF has its roots in the Janjaweed militias used by the Sudanese Government in its attempts to fight the anti-government insurgency during the War in Darfur. The RSF was officially formed in August 2013 under the command of the NISS, following a restructuring and reactivation of Janjaweed militias in order to combat rebel groups in Darfur region, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile states, following joint attacks by Sudanese Revolutionary Front rebels in North and South Kordofan in April 2013.[3]

The RSF is also deployed to patrol the border with Libya and round up Eritrean and Ethiopian refugees in response to the Khartoum Process, which is an initiative between European and African states, including Sudan, to stem the flow of migrants to Europe.[4]


  1. ^ "RSF to Uproot Rebels". Sudan Vision Daily, 19 May 2014.
  2. ^ "Sudanese military commander denies any wrongdoing by pro-government militia - Sudan Tribune: Plural news and views on Sudan". sudantribune.com. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  3. ^ "Sudan’s RSF pledges to liberate rebel stronghold in South Kordofan". Sudan Tribune, 11 June 2014.
  4. ^ "British domestic politics clash with human rights in the Horn of Africa". The Economist. 1 October 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2016.

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