Rapid transit in Canada

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Rapid transit in Canada entails rapid transit systems operating in Canadian urban centres. In addition to fully grade-separated rapid transit lines, there are also several light rail transit lines and bus rapid transit lines in Canada.

There are three rapid transit systems in Canada: the Toronto Subway, Montreal Metro and Vancouver SkyTrain.


The first rapid transit system in Canada was the Toronto Subway, which opened its first 12-station segment in 1954.[1] It has since expanded to three full-scale rapid transit lines and one light metro line. Construction has begun on the Eglinton Crosstown Line and the Toronto-York Spadina Subway Extension, which will add 28 new stations and a total of 27.6 km of new track. It is currently the largest system in Canada by station count.

In 1966, the Montreal Metro began operation. Plans to build a rapid transit system in the city had existed since 1902.[2] Montreal has the largest metro system in Canada by daily ridership.

The Vancouver SkyTrain opened in January 1986 for the Expo 86 world fair.[3] It differs from the two other rapid transit systems in that it is an intermediate-rail, driverless system and operates predominantly above grade. It is the largest system in Canada by length.[4]

List of rapid transit systems[edit]

Rail rapid transit in Canada
Location Transit Daily
(Q3 2015)[5]
Stations Under
Length (km)
Flag of Quebec.svg Montreal, Quebec Montreal Metro 1,061,300 69.2 68 0 0
Flag of Ontario.svg Toronto, Ontario Toronto subway 1,006,300 68.3 69 8.6 6
Flag of British Columbia.svg Vancouver, British Columbia SkyTrain 385,600 79.6 53 0 0

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Canada's First Subway". City of Toronto. Retrieved 2007-02-25. 
  2. ^ "An underground railway project in 1910". Société de transport de Montréal. 
  3. ^ "Vancouver SkyTrain, Canada". Railway-Technology.com. Retrieved 2015-04-14. 
  4. ^ "Evergreen Extension opening today". NEWS 1130. 2016-12-02. Retrieved 2016-12-02. 
  5. ^ "Public Transportation Ridership Report - Third Quarter, 2014" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association. November 30, 2015. p. 36. Retrieved 2016-02-07.