Urban rail transit in China

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Map of cities in China and Taiwan with rapid transit, commuter rail and light rail systems. The two higher-resolution maps to the right show the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) and Pearl River Delta (PRD) regions.
  Operational systems
  Under-construction systems

Urban rail transit in the People's Republic of China encompasses a broad range of urban and suburban electric passenger rail mass transit systems including subway, light rail, tram and maglev.[1] Some classifications also include non-rail bus rapid transport.

History[edit]

Several Chinese cities had urban electric tramways in the early 20th century, which were dismantled in the 1950s-1970s. Nanjing had an urban railway from 1907 to 1958. The first subway in China was built in Beijing in 1969. The Tianjin Metro followed in 1984.

Since 2000, the growth of rapid transit systems in Chinese cities has accelerated.[2] The Shanghai Metro despite being the world's longest only started operating in 1993.[2][3][4] From 2009 to 2015, China built 87 mass transit rail lines, totaling 3100 km, in 25 cities at the cost of ¥988.6 billion.[5] Today China boasts both the world's longest and second longest metro systems.[6][2][3] Out of the top 10 busiest metro systems in the world 4 of them are in China. As of early 2016, China has 3195.6 km of subway lines.[7] Hong Kong's MTR Corporation has investment, consulting and management stakes in the rapid transit systems of several mainland Chinese cities.

As of January 2016, 26 Chinese cities have metro systems and 39 more have metro systems approved according to the National Development and Reform Commission. China plans to spend 4.7 trillion yuan ($706 billion) on transport infrastructure in the next 3 years.[8]

Urban rapid transit systems[edit]

Stats[edit]

Operational lines[edit]

Opening dates[edit]

Urban rapid transit systems[edit]

urban rapid transit systems
System Locale Lines Stations Length (km) First Opened Annual Ridership
Beijing Subway Beijing Subway Beijing MTR logo (logo only).png Beijing 18 335 552 1969-10-11 3.209 billion (2013)[10]
Changsha Metro Changsha Metro Changsha 2 43 50.148 2014-04-29
Changsha Maglev Changsha 1 3 18.7 2016-05-06
Chongqing Rail Transit Chongqing Rail Transit Chongqing 4 120 202.2 2004-11-06 244 million (2012)[11]
Chengdu Metro Chengdu Metro Chengdu 4 87 108.4 2010-09-27
Dalian Metro Dalian Metro Dalian Kuaigui Logo.svg Dalian 4 56 141 2002-11-08
Dongguan Rail Transit Dongguan Rail Transit Dongguan 1 15 37.743 2016-05-27
FMetro FMetro Guangfo Metro icon.svg Foshan & Guangzhou 1 18 20.4 2010-11-03 [note 1]
Fuzhou Metro Fuzhou Metro Fuzhou 1 9 9.76 2016-05-16
Guangzhou Metro Guangzhou Metro Guangfo Metro icon.svg Guangzhou 8 147 240.6 1997-06-28 1.990 billion (2013)[12]
Hangzhou Metro Hangzhou Metro Hangzhou MTR Logo.svg Hangzhou 3 50 76 2012-11-24
Harbin Metro Harbin Metro Harbin 1 18 17 2013-09-26
Mass Transit Railway MTR Hong Kong 10 87 174.7 1979-10-01 1.482 billion (2011)
Kowloon–Canton Railway[note 2] Hong Kong 3 33 35 1919-10-01
Kunming Rail Transit Kunming Rail Transit Kunming 3 33 58.5 2012-06-28
Nanchang Metro Nanchang Metro Nanchang 1 24 28.7 2015-12-26
Nanjing Metro Nanjing Metro Nanjing 6 121 225 2005-09-03 503 million (2014)
Nanning Rail Transit Nanning Rail Transit Nanning 1 10 11.2 2016-06-28
Ningbo Rail Transit Ningbo Rail Transit Ningbo 2 51 75 2014-05-30
Qingdao Metro Qingdao Metro Qingdao 1 10 12 2015-12-16
Shanghai Metro Shanghai Metro Shanghai & Suzhou 14 330 538 1993-05-28 2.500 billion (2013)[13]
Shanghai Maglev Train Shanghai Maglev Train logo.svg Shanghai 1 2 30.5 2002-12-31
Shenyang Metro Shenyang Metro Shenyang 2 43 55 2010-09-27
Shenzhen Metro Shenzhen Metro Shenzhen Metro No.3 Line logo.svg MTR Corporation icon.svg Shenzhen 6 155 230 2004-12-28 914 million (2013)[14]
Suzhou Rail Transit Suzhou Rail Transit Suzhou 2 46 52.296 2012-04-28 40.334 million (2012)
Tianjin Metro Tianjin Metro (Tianjin Metro Group Co., Ltd.) Binhai Mass Transit Development Corporation logo.svg[note 3] Tianjin 5 95 144.159~144.159 1984-12-28 64.3 million (2010)
Wuhan Metro Wuhan Metro Wuhan 4 102 128.7 2004-07-24 73 million (2011, L1)[15]
Wuxi Metro Wuxi Metro Wuxi 2 46 56 2014-07-01
Xi'an Metro Xi'an Metro Xi'an 2 40 52 2011-09-16
Zhengzhou Metro Zhengzhou Metro Zhengzhou 2 36 45.39 2013-12-26
  1. ^ See Guangzhou Metro's Annual Ridership.
  2. ^ Operation taken over by MTR on 2 December 2007.
  3. ^ The system was closed on 1 September 2001 for renovation and reopened on 12 June 2006.

Currently operational[edit]

Beijing[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Beijing Subway icon.svgBeijing MTR logo (logo only).png
Beijing Subway (BGD)
北京地铁
Locale Beijing

 1   2   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   13   14   15 
 Airport   Batong   Changping 
 Daxing   Fangshan   Yizhuang 

 8  Phase II North Section II & South Section I
 6  West Extension Phase III
 14  Central Section
 16 
 Fangshan  North & South Extension
 Airport  West Extension

Beijing-Subway en.png [Note 1]
[16]
[17]
[18]
Began operation 1 October 1969
Lines in operation 18
№ of stations 269 (List)
Network length 527 km (327 mi)
Ridership 10.276 million (Daily Record)
3.209 billion (2013 annual)

Changsha[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Changsha Metro logo.svg
Changsha Metro
长沙地铁
Locale Changsha

 1   2 

 3 
 4 
 5 

ChangSha Metro Map.png
Began operation 29 April 2014
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 43
Network length 50.148 km (31 mi)
Ridership
Changsha Maglev
Changsha Maglev Express
长沙磁浮快线
Locale Changsha

 Maglev 

  • n/a
Began operation 6 May 2016
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 3
Network length 18.7 km (12 mi)
Ridership

Chongqing[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
CRT Logo.svg
Chongqing Rail Transit (CRT)
重庆轨道交通
Locale Chongqing

 1   2   3   6 

 0  Phase I
 1  Extension
 3  Extension
 4  Phase I
 5  Phase I
 10  Phase I

Chongqing Rail Transit Map.png [20]
[21]
[22]
Began operation 6 November 2004
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations 120
Network length 202.2 km (126 mi)
Ridership 1,310,000 (peak day)
1,100,000 (daily avg.)
244 million (2012)

Chengdu[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Chengdu Metro icon.svg
Chengdu Metro
成都地铁
Locale Chengdu

 1 
 2 
 3 
 4 

 4  Phase II
 5 
 7 
 10 
 18 

2016Chengdu Metro.png
Began operation 27 September 2010
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations 87
Network length 108.4 km (67 mi)
Ridership

Dalian[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Dalian Metro Logo Image Only.svgDalian Kuaigui Logo.svg
Dalian Metro
Dalian Rapid Transit (DRT)
大连地铁
大连快轨
(大连轨道交通)
Locale Dalian

 1 
 2 
 202 
 3 

 Jinpu 

Dalian Metro Map en.svg [23]
Began operation 8 November 2002
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations 56 (List)
Network length 141 km (88 mi)
Ridership 120,000 (Avg. Daily)
200,000 (Peak Record)

Dongguan[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Dongguan Rail Transit logo.svg
Dongguan Rail Transit
东莞轨道交通
Locale Dongguan  2   2  Phase III Dongguang Subway Plan Map Line R2.jpg
Began operation 27 May 2016
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 15
Network length 37.743 km (23 mi)
Ridership

Fuzhou[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Fuzhou Metro logo.svg
Fuzhou Metro
福州地铁(福州轨道交通)
Locale Fuzhou  1 

 1  Phase I (northern section)
 2 

Fuzhou subway.png
Began operation 18 May 2016
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 9
Network length 9.76 km (6 mi)
Ridership

Guangzhou and Foshan[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Guangzhou Metro icon.svg
Guangzhou Metro
广州地铁
Locale Guangzhou

 1   2   3   4   5   6   8   Zhujiang APM 

 4  Southern Section
 6  Phase II
 7  Phase I
 8  Phase II & Northern Section
 9  Phase I
 11 
 13  Phase I
 14 
 21 

广州地铁2015(简体中文+英文).jpg [Note 2]
[24]
[25]
[26]
Began operation 28 June 1997
Lines in operation 8
№ of stations 147 (List)
Network length 240.6 km (150 mi)
Ridership 7.844 million (5 Nov 2010 record)
1.990 billion (2013 annual)
FMetro logo icon.svg
Guangfo Metro
FMetro
佛山地铁 (广佛地铁)
Locale Foshan (Guangzhou)

 Guangfo 

 Guangfo  Phase I Section II
 1  Southern Section
 2 
 3 

FMetro System Map.png [Note 2]
[Note 3]
Began operation 3 November 2010
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 18 (List)
Network length 20.4 km (13 mi)
Ridership see ref.

Hangzhou[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Hangzhou Metro logo.svgHangzhou MTR Logo.svg
Hangzhou Metro
杭州地铁
Locale Hangzhou

 1   2   4 

 2  Phase I & Western Section
 4  Southern Section
 5 
 6   7 

HangZhou Metro Map.png
Began operation 24 November 2012
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 50 (list)
Network length 76 km (47 mi)
Ridership

Harbin[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Harbin Metro logo.svg
Harbin Metro
哈尔滨地铁
Locale Harbin

 1 

 1  Phase II
 3 

Harbin Metro System Map.svg
Began operation 26 September 2013
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 18
Network length 17 km (11 mi)
Ridership

Hong Kong[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
MTR Corporation icon.svg
Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway (MTR)
港鐵 / 港铁
including Kowloon–Canton Railway
Locale Hong Kong
Hong Kong Railway Route Map en.svg [Note 4]
Began operation 2 December 2007
(1 October 1979 old MTR)
(1 October 1910 KCR)
Lines in operation 10
№ of stations 86 (List)
Network length 175 km (109 mi)
Ridership 4.064 million (daily record)
1.482 billion (2011 annual)

Kunming[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Kunming Rail Transit logo.svg
Kunming Rail Transit (KRT)
昆明轨道交通
Locale Kunming

 1   2 

 1  Phase III
 2  Phase II
 3 
 6  Phase I & Phase II

Kunming metro map.png
Began operation 28 June 2012
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 33
Network length 58.5 km (36 mi)
Ridership

Nanchang[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
NanChang Metro logo.svg
Nanchang Metro
南昌地铁
Locale Nanchang  1   2  Nanchang Metro map sb zh-hans.svg
Began operation 26 December 2015
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 24
Network length 28.7 km (18 mi)
Ridership

Nanjing[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Nanjing Metro logo.svg
Nanjing Metro
南京地铁
Locale Nanjing

 1   2   3   10   S1   S8 

 4 
 S1  Phase II
 S3 
 S7 

NJmetro20150401.png [Note 5][27]
[28]
[29][30]
Began operation 3 September 2005
Lines in operation 6
№ of stations 121
Network length 225 km (140 mi)
Ridership 503 million (2014 annual)

Nanning[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Nanning Rail Transit.png
Nanning Rail Transit
南宁轨道交通
Locale Nanning  1 

 1  Western Extension
 2 
 3 

Began operation 28 June 2016
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 10
Network length 11.2 km (7 mi)
Ridership

Ningbo[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction n Map Ref.
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Ningbo Rail Transit Logo No Text.png
Ningbo Rail Transit
宁波轨道交通
Locale Ningbo

 1   2 

 2  Phase II
 3  Phase I
 4 
 5  Phase I
 Fenghua 

Ningbo Rail Transit System Map en.svg
Began operation 30 May 2014
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 51
Network length 75 km (47 mi)
Ridership

Qingdao[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Qingdao Metro.svg
Qingdao Metro
青岛地铁
Locale Qingdao  3 

 1 
 2 
 7 
 11 
 13 

Qingdao Metro System Map.png
Began operation 16 December 2015
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 10
Network length 12 km (7 mi)
Ridership

Shanghai[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Shanghai Metro logo.svg
Shanghai Metro
上海地铁(上海轨道交通)
Locale Shanghai (and Kunshan)

 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   16 

 3  Separation
 5  Southern Extension
 8  Southern Extension
 9  Phase III
 10  Phase II
 11  Western Extension
 13  Eastern Extension
 14 
 15 
 17 
 18 

SHMetro160426.svg [31]
[Note 6]
[32]
[33]
[34]
Began operation 28 May 1993
Lines in operation 14
№ of stations 330 (List)
Network length 538 km (334.3 mi)
Ridership 8.486 million (Daily Record)
2.500 billion (2013 annual)
Shanghai Maglev Train logo.svg
Shanghai Maglev Train
SMT / Shanghai Transrapid
上海磁浮示范运营线
Locale Shanghai

 Maglev 

  • n/a (planned extensions were cancelled in 2010)
SMT.jpg
Began operation 31 December 2002
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 2
Network length 30.5 km (19 mi)
Ridership

|}

Shenyang[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Shenyang Metro logo.svg
Shenyang Metro
沈阳地铁
Locale Shenyang

 1   2 

 1  Eastern Extension
 2  Northern Extension
 9 
 10 

Shenyang Metro Map.png
Began operation 27 September 2010
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 43
Network length 55 km (34 mi)
Ridership

Shenzhen[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Shenzhen Metro Corporation logo.svg(Shenzhen Metro No.3 Line logo.svg)MTR Corporation icon.svg
Shenzhen Metro
深圳地铁
Locale Shenzhen

 1   2   3   4   5   11 

 2  Phase III
 5  Southern Extension
 6 
 7 
 8 
 9  Phase I & Western Extension
 10 

Shenzhen Metro Route Map.svg [35]
[36]
[37]
Began operation 28 December 2004
Lines in operation 6
№ of stations 155 (List)
Network length 230 km (143 mi)
Ridership 914 million (2013 annual)

2.89 million (April 30 - May 1, 2012 record)

Suzhou[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Suzhou Rail Transit logo.svg
Suzhou Rail Transit (SRT)
苏州轨道交通
Locale Suzhou

 1   2 

 2  Eastern Extension
 3 
 4 
 5 
 7 

Suzhou Rail Transit Map en.svg
Began operation 28 April 2012
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 46 (List)
Network length 52.296 km (32 mi)
Ridership 550,000 (Daily Record)
40.334 million (2012 annual)

Tianjin[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Tianjin rapid transit logos.png
Tianjin Metro
天津地铁
Locale Tianjin

 1   2   3 
 9 
 6 

 1  Eastern Extension
 4 
 5 
 10 

Tianjin Metro System Map Simplified Chinese.png [Note 7]
Began operation 30 September 2003
(28 December 1984 old system)
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations 94
Network length 132.7 km (82 mi)
Ridership 64.3 million (2010 annual)

Wuhan[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Wuhan Metro Logo.svg
Wuhan Metro
武汉地铁(武汉轨道交通)
Locale Wuhan

 1   2   3   4 

 1  Western Extension
 2  Airport Line & Southern Extension
 4  Western Extension
 5 
 6 
 7  Phase I & Southern Extension
 8  Phase I
 11  Phase I
 21 


Wuhan Metro bilingual map.png [38]
[39]
Began operation 28 July 2004
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations 102
Network length 128.7 km (80 mi)
Ridership 73 million (2011 annual, Line 1 only)
2,483,000 (Dec 2015 Peak)

Wuxi[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Wuxi Metro logo.svg
Wuxi Metro
无锡地铁(无锡轨道交通)
Locale Wuxi

 1   2 

 1  Southern Extension

MAP FOR WUXI METRO.png
Began operation 1 July 2014
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 24
Network length 29.42 km (18 mi)
Ridership

Xi'an[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Xian Metro logo.svg
Xi'an Metro
西安地铁
Locale Xi'an

 1   2 

 3 
 4 
 5 
 9 

Xi'anMetro2013.svg [40]
Began operation 16 September 2011
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 40
Network length 52 km (32 mi)
Ridership 150,000 (daily record)

Zhengzhou[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Zhengzhou Metro logo.svg
Zhengzhou Metro
郑州地铁(郑州轨道交通)
Locale Zhengzhou

 1   2 

 1  Phase II
 2  Phase II
 4 
 5 

Zhengzhou Metro Map en.svg
Began operation 26 December 2013
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 36
Network length 45.39 km (28 mi)
Ridership

Under construction[edit]

2016[edit]

2017[edit]

2018[edit]

  • Jinan Metro (济南轨道交通) operational by end of 2018

2019[edit]

2020[edit]

Approved and awaiting construction[edit]

  • Changzhou Metro (常州轨道交通) operational by 2018 — Line 2 (19.86 km, 13 stations)
  • Taiyuan Metro (太原轨道交通) operational by 2018 — Line 2 (25.1 km, 21 stations)
  • Xining & Haidong Metro (西宁海东轨道交通) operational before 2020 — Trial Line 1

Under planning[edit]

Proposed[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ The first of the Beijing Subway was completed in 1969 but did not open for trial operation until 1971 and it was restricted to riders with credential letters. The subway was fully opened to the public without credential letters in 1981.
  2. ^ a b The Guangzhou Metro Annual ridership data is combined with Guangfo Metro.
  3. ^ The Guangfo Metro sometimes counts FMetro line 1.
  4. ^ The Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway (MTR) consists of the main MTR subway system, which opened in 1979, and the Kowloon-Canton Railway (KCR), which opened in 1910 and was electrified in 1983. The two systems merged in 2007. Data no counts light rail lines. The ridership figures for the MTR does not include cross-border train service riders and includes only ridership on the MTR lines, airport express and light rail and certain MTR bus lines. The MTR compiles light rail and MTR bus line riders in one category so it is not possible to separate MTR bus riders from light rail riders. See [1]
  5. ^ The "S lines" are counted under the Suburban rapid rail section.
  6. ^ The Shanghai Metro is the longest network in the world. See David Barboza (29 April 2010). "Expo Offers Shanghai a New Turn in the Spotlight". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 April 2010. 
  7. ^ The Tianjin Metro closed down for upgrades in 2001 and reopened in 2006.

Suburban rapid rail transit systems[edit]

Currently operational[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Bcr logo.svg
BCR
Beijing City Railway / Beijing Suburban Railway
北京市郊铁路
Locale Beijing

 S2 

 S1 

S2 Line map zh-hans.svg
Began operation 2008
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 6
Network length 77
Ridership 57,800 (daily record)
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Dalian Kuaigui Logo.svg
Dalian Rapid Transit (DRT)
大连快轨
Locale Dalian

 202 
 3 

 Jinpu 

Dalian Metro Map en.svg
Began operation 2003
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 26
Network length 103.83 km (65 mi)
Ridership
ChinaRailwayHighspeed-notext.svg
Chengdu City Railway
成都市域铁路
Locale Chengdu

 Chengdu–Dujiangyan   Chengdu–Lidui   Chengdu–Pengzhou 

 Chengdu–Pujiang 

CDSYTL.svg
Began operation 2008
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 9
Network length 73
Ridership
BSicon SUBWAY-CHN.svg
Nanjing Metro logo.svg
Nanjing Metro (S lines)
南京地铁(S线)
Locale Nanjing

 S1 
 S8 

 S3   S7 

NJmetro20150401.png
Began operation 2014
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 25
Network length 81.00 km (50 mi) (S1 only)
Ridership
ChinaRailwayHighspeed-notext.svg
Pearl River Delta Rapid Transit (PRDRT)
珠三角城际轨道交通
Locale Guangzhou, Foshan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen, Zhuhai, Macau

 Guangzhou–Zhuhai   Guangzhou–Shenzhen   Dongguan–Huizhou   Guangzhou–Foshan–Zhaoqing 

 Guangzhou–Foshan Ring   Guangzhou–Dongguan–Shenzhen   Guangzhou–Qingyuan   Huizhou–Heyuan   Zhaoqing–Gaoming–Nansha 

Began operation 2011
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations 64
Network length 534
Ridership
ChinaRailwayHighspeed-notext.svg
Jinshan Railway
Shanghai Metro Line 22
金山铁路 / 二十二号线
Locale Shanghai

     Jinshan Railway

Shanghai Metro Line 22 map en.svg
Began operation 2012
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 2
Network length 56
Ridership
ChinaRailwayHighspeed-notext.svg
Wuhan Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway
武汉城市圈城际铁路
Locale Wuhan, Xianning, Huangshi, Huanggang

 Wuhan–Xianning   Wuhan–Huangshi   Wuhan–Huanggang 

 Wuhan–Xiaogan 

Wuhanmetroarearail.png
Began operation 2013
Lines in operation 3
№ of stations 37
Network length 222
Ridership

Under construction[edit]

Under planning[edit]

  • Jiangsu-Yangtze River Delta Rapid Transit
  • Central Zhejiang Metropolitan Railway
  • Shandong Peninsula Rapid Transit

Light rail/Tram systems[edit]

Currently operational[edit]

System Information Currently operational Currently under construction Map Ref.
Anren Tram
安仁有轨电车
Locale Anren County, Chenzhou
Began operation 2011
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 6
Network length 1.8
Ridership
Qianmen Tram
前门有轨电车
Locale Beijing
Began operation 2009
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 2
Network length 0.84
Ridership
Changchun Light Rail Transit icon.svg
Changchun Rail Transit
长春轨道交通(长春轻轨)
Changchun Trams
长春有轨电车
Locale Changchun

 3 
 4 
 5 

  • 54

 1 
 2 

Map of Changchun Light Rail Transit en.svg
Began operation 2002
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations 49
Network length 51
Ridership 0.27 million (daily record)
33.34 million (2010 annual)
Dalian Trams
大连有轨电车
Locale Dalian
  • 201
  • 202
Began operation 1909
Lines in operation 2
№ of stations
Network length 23.4
Ridership
Guangzhou Metro icon.svg
Guangzhou Trams
广州有轨电车
Locale Guangzhou
  • Luogang Tram
  • Huadu Tram
  • Guangzhounan Station Center Tram
  • Financial Center Tram
  • Zengcheng Tram
  • Baietan Tram
GZMTRHZTramInScale.png
Began operation 2013
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 10
Network length 7.7
Ridership
MTR Corporation icon.svg
Hong Kong Light Rail
香港輕鐵 / 香港轻铁
Locale Hong Kong
  • 505
  • 507
  • 610
  • 614
  • 614P
  • 615
  • 615P
  • 705
  • 706
  • 751
  • 751P
  • 761P
Began operation 1988
Lines in operation 12
№ of stations 68
Network length 36.2
Ridership

430,000[49]

HongKongTram.svg
Hong Kong Tramways
香港電車 / 香港电车
Locale Hong Kong
  • Shau Kei Wan ↔ Western Market
  • Shau Kei Wan ↔ Happy Valley
  • North Point ↔ Whitty Street
  • Happy Valley ↔ Kennedy Town
  • Causeway Bay ↔ Whitty Street
  • Western Market ↔ Kennedy Town
  • Shau Kei Wan ↔ Kennedy Town (M-F Peak Hours)
Began operation 1904
Lines in operation 7
№ of stations
Network length 30
Ridership
Huai'an Modern Trams
淮安有轨电车
Locale Huai'an
Began operation 2015
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 23
Network length 20.3
Ridership
Nanjing Trams
南京有轨电车
Locale Nanjing
Began operation 2014
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 13
Network length 7.76
Ridership
Qingdao Tram logo without text.svg
Qingdao Tram
青岛有轨电车
Locale Qingdao
  • Chengyang trams
Began operation 2016
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 12
Network length 8.77
Ridership
Shenyang Modern Tram
沈阳有轨电车
Locale Shenyang
  • Line 1
  • Line 2
  • Line 3
  • Line 5
Began operation 2013
Lines in operation 4
№ of stations 57
Network length 54.8
Ridership
Suzhou Trams
苏州有轨电车
Locale Suzhou
  • line 1
  • line 2
Began operation 2014
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 10
Network length 18
Ridership
Binhai Mass Transit Development Corporation logo.svg
TEDA Modern Guided Rail Tram
天津开发区导轨电车
Locale Tianjin

 TEDA 

Began operation 2007
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 14
Network length 7.86
Ridership
Zhangjiang Tram
张江有轨电车
Locale Shanghai
Began operation 2010
Lines in operation 1
№ of stations 15
Network length 10
Ridership

Under construction[edit]

Planned[edit]

Bus systems (BRT)[edit]

More than 30 bus rapid transit projects are being implemented or studied in China in some big cities. BRT systems with light blue background are not yet operational but under construction or proposed.

List of Bus systems (BRT) in the People's Republic of China by Network length
System Chinese
name
Abbrev. City Began oper. Lines in
oper.
[Note 1]
Number
of stations
[Note 2]
Network
length
(km)
[Note 3]
Notes
Hangzhou BRT 杭州BRT HZBRT Hangzhou 2006 2 50 55.4
Beijing BRT 北京BRT BJBRT Beijing 2004 4 60 54 [Note 4]
Kunming BRT 昆明BRT KMBRT Kunming 1999 5 63 46
Changzhou BRT 常州BRT CZBRT Changzhou 2008 2 51 44
Xiamen BRT 厦门BRT XMBRT Xiamen 2008 3 31 40 [Note 5]
Jinan BRT 济南BRT JNBRT Jinan 2008 2 46 34
Zaozhuang BRT 枣庄BRT ZZBRT Zaozhuang 2010 2 49 62
Zhengzhou BRT 郑州BRT ZZBRT Zhengzhou 2009 2 45 40.3
Guangzhou BRT 广州BRT GBRT Guangzhou 2010 1 26 22
Suzhou BRT 苏州BRT SZBRT Suzhou 2008 5 106 95
Dalian BRT 大连BRT DLBRT Dalian 2008 1 13 13
Chongqing BRT 重庆BRT CQBRT Chongqing 2008 1 9 11
Hefei BRT 合肥BRT HFBRT Hefei 2010 2 9 7
Yancheng BRT 盐城BRT YCBRT Yancheng 2010 2 24 16
Ürümqi BRT 乌鲁木齐BRT UMBRT Ürümqi 2011 4 66 42.2
Changde BRT 常德BRT CDBRT Changde 2012 1 25 20.9
Lianyungang BRT 连云港BRT LYGBRT Lianyungang 2012 1 29 34
Lanzhou BRT 兰州BRT LZBRT Lanzhou 2012 1 15 9.1
Yinchuan BRT 银川BRT YCBRT Yinchuan 2012 1 22 17
Chengdu BRT 成都BRT CDBRT Chengdu 2013 1 29 30.5
Zhongshan BRT 中山BRT YCBRT Zhongshan 2014 1 13 13
Yichang BRT 宜昌BRT YCBRT Yichang 2015 1 22 23
Nanchang BRT 南昌BRT NCBRT Nanchang 20XX
Shanghai BRT 上海BRT SHBRT Shanghai 20XX
Shenzhen BRT 深圳BRT SZBRT Shenzhen 20XX
Wuxi BRT 无锡BRT WXBRT Wuxi 20XX
Xi'an BRT 西安BRT XABRT Xi'an 20XX
Shenyang BRT 沈阳BRT SYBRT Shenyang 20XX
Wuhan BRT 武汉BRT WHBRT Wuhan 20XX
Shijiazhuang BRT 石家庄BRT SJZBRT Shijiazhuang 20XX
Harbin BRT 哈尔滨BRT HBBRT Harbin 20XX

Notes

  1. ^ Lines in operation counts the number of main lines only.
  2. ^ Stations connected by transfers are counted as one station, unless otherwise noted.
  3. ^ Network length refers to track length and lines that share track are counted only once.
  4. ^ running on the Nan Zhongzhouxian (South Central Axis Line), The line terminates at Qianmen and Demaozhuang
  5. ^ There are significant sections that are on dedicated elevated roads. BRT one 33.4 km, BRT 1 Interchange 18.7 km, BRT 2 15.3 km.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "中国城市轨道交通 China Urban Mass Transit". Retrieved February 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Chinese metro boom shows no sign of abating". International Rail Journal. November 19, 2014. Retrieved 23 Nov 2014. 
  3. ^ a b https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dNCaK4d0GA0
  4. ^ "Shanghai now the world's longest metro". Railway Gazette. 4 May 2010. Retrieved 9 April 2014. 
  5. ^ (Chinese) "谁的地铁,谁做主?" 财经文摘 Mar. 23, 2010
  6. ^ "Statistics Brief World Metro Figures" (pdf). Union Internationale des Transports Publics (UITP) (International Association of Public Transport). October 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-13. 
  7. ^ http://sh.eastday.com/m/20160106/u1ai9170020.html
  8. ^ http://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-transport-investment-idUSKCN0Y70I1
  9. ^ "Changsha metro opens". railwaygazette.com. April 29, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  10. ^ 杜燕 (2014-01-02). "北京地铁一年运客超32亿人次 同比增长近30%". 中国新闻网. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  11. ^ "重庆市主城区交通发展年度报告2012". Cq.cqnews.net. Retrieved 2012-01-26. 
  12. ^ "交通六件事 事事有着落" (in Chinese). Guangzhou Daily. 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  13. ^ 回顾上海地铁2013 (in Chinese). Eastday. 2014-01-15. Retrieved 2014-01-15. 
  14. ^ "340.96万!2013跨年日地铁创下客流新高". 深圳都市报. 2014-01-02. 
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^ "北京公交出行再增两个百分点". Qianlong. 2012-02-10. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  17. ^ "Official Ridership". Beijing Subway. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  18. ^ 杜燕 (2014-01-02). "北京地铁一年运客超32亿人次 同比增长近30%". 中国新闻网. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  19. ^ a b "Metro projects underway in Changsha, Xi'an, Wuhan and Xiamen". railwaygazette.com. July 13, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2014. 
  20. ^ "2010重庆市主城区交通发展年度报告解读". Cq.cqnews.net. Retrieved 2012-01-26. 
  21. ^ 节后3条轨道运力增幅超10% 观音桥站或6月扩建
  22. ^ "重庆市主城区交通发展年度报告2012". Cq.cqnews.net. Retrieved 2012-01-26. 
  23. ^ "[议案之一]轨道交通不载客试运行三个月". 大连天健网. 2012-01-08. Retrieved 2012-01-12. 
  24. ^ 2011广州地铁运客16.4亿人次 行车里程达19308万车公里 [Guangzhou Metro 2011 ridership tops 1.64 billion] (in Chinese). Guangzhou Metro Daily. 2012-01-18. Retrieved 2012-01-24. 
  25. ^ 第二届地铁春联今起征集 [Second Metro Spring Duilian Contest starts today] (in Chinese). Guangzhou Metro Daily. 2011-01-10. Retrieved 2010-01-23. 
  26. ^ "交通六件事 事事有着落" (in Chinese). Guangzhou Daily. 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-20. 
  27. ^ "Ditiezu Archive » 2011年南京地铁客流量34370.10万人次". 
  28. ^ "南京地铁一号线3月9日起调整运行图". jspeople. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  29. ^ "2012年清明小长假 南京地铁安全送客531万人次". longhoo. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  30. ^ "南京铁运营十年日均客流占全市公交出行量三分之一". Xici. 2013-12-31. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  31. ^ excluding Maglev and Line 22
  32. ^ "2011年上海市国民经济和社会发展统计公报". Shanghai Bureau of Statistics and Shanghai Survey Corps, National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2012-02-23. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  33. ^ "2012年上海地铁网络运营大事件盘点". MTR8 news. Retrieved 2013-02-18. 
  34. ^ 回顾上海地铁2013 (in Chinese). Eastday. 2014-01-15. Retrieved 2014-01-15. 
  35. ^ (Chinese) "深圳市统计局2011年度12月份 深圳统计月报 运输邮电,地铁客流量1-12月累计. Retrieved on 2012-03-17.
  36. ^ (Chinese) "深圳地铁客流量 去年猛增近七成. Retrieved on 2013-01-10.
  37. ^ "340.96万!2013跨年日地铁创下客流新高". 深圳都市报. 2014-01-02. 
  38. ^ "轻轨高峰发车间隔缩短半分钟". Cjmp.cnhan.com. 2011-10-26. Retrieved 2012-01-26. 
  39. ^ [3]
  40. ^ 西安地铁日均客流量15万人次的情况也好于预期
  41. ^ "Lanzhou Metro Construction Begins". Retrieved April 7, 2014. 
  42. ^ http://www.gov.hk/en/about/abouthk/factsheets/docs/transport.pdf
  43. ^ http://www.tautonline.com/new-tramways-2015/
  44. ^ "佛山南海有轨电车 试验段建设启动". 南方日报. Retrieved 12 17, 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  45. ^ 珠海将构建现代有轨电车系统

External links[edit]