Raqqa Is Being Slaughtered Silently
|Raqqa Is Being Slaughtered Silently|
|Part of the Syrian Civil war|
|Goals||Raise awareness about violences done on Syrian civilians.|
Raqqa Is Being Slaughtered Silently (RSS or RBSS) is a citizen journalist group reporting Syrian war news and human rights abuses by Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and other forces occupying the northern Syrian city of Raqqa which ISIL used as its de facto capital. RBSS works to counter the suggestion that citizens of Raqqa welcomed the presence of ISIL. Some sources described the group as one of the few reliable sources of information from the city. It was founded by Abu Ibrahim a-Raqqawi. RBSS has described itself as an "nonpartisan and independent" news page.
The group has published first hand accounts, videos and photos of life and war crimes in Raqqa through its Facebook page and website, other social media, and via interviews and furnishing material to media organizations worldwide. As a result, RBSS has been cited by international media outlets fairly extensively, and major news outlets have done feature stories on the group. Since no foreign or domestic journalists could operate in Raqqa during the ISIL occupation, the efforts of RBSS provided unique insights. The work was dangerous, with ISIL militants searching for, torturing and in some cases killing suspected RBSS members.
According to an interview with VICE News, there were originally 17 members who started out opposing the Syrian government. When ISIL moved into the city in April 2014 the group started posting information about ISIL. One member who had fled Raqqa said "After we launched the campaign and posted a lot of crucifixions and executions on the news and Facebook and Twitter, they made three Friday sermons about us, saying we are infidels and we're against Allah and "we'll catch them and we'll execute them." "We are 12 inside the city and four outside. Before the 12 inside the city were posting on Twitter and posting on Facebook, and talking to journalists, but it's very dangerous. So we decided to use a "secret room," and the people in the city post all the photos, the news, and everything, and the four that are out, we are posting it on the internet, Twitter, and Facebook, and talking to journalists. We hide behind fake names and we don't trust anyone, so we don't get captured."
Several members of RBSS have been executed inside Raqqa. In May 2014, Al-Moutaz Bellah Ibrahim was kidnapped by ISIL and murdered. In July 2015, ISIL released a video showing two men being strung up on trees and shot. Though ISIL claimed the two murdered men had worked with RBSS, one of the founders of RBSS denied they were members. Another friend of the group was similarly executed. Hamoud al-Mousa, the father of one of the group's founders, was killed in ISIL custody. On October 30, 2015, RBSS activist Ibrahim Abdul Qadir (age 20) and his friend Fares Hamadi were found stabbed and beheaded in Urfa, Turkey. It was the first acknowledged assassination outside of ISIL controlled territory.
Hamoud Almousa is the co-founder and spokesperson.
Naji al Jerf, the group's film director and editor-in-chief of the independent monthly Hentah, was killed in Gaziantep, Turkey with a silenced pistol in broad daylight outside a media building in late December 2015. ISIL claimed responsibility on Twitter.
In an interview with Sarah Montague on BBC HARDtalk, aired June 22, 2016, RBSS spokesman Hussam Eesa said, via interpreter, "When we chose to work together against Daesh, documenting its abuses, we understood there would be casualties. However, it's been worse than we expected. It is an inevitable price to be paid. So far we have lost 14 people – four group members and 10 friends and family members. Currently we have 18 inside Raqqa and 10 outside Raqqa."
When ISIL banned home internet in Raqqah and forced internet users into cafes where they could be monitored, RBSS started releasing unfiltered information about life under ISIL rule.
Soon after the release of a video showing the burning alive of a Jordanian pilot, Muath Al-Kasasbeh, RBSS released Google Earth photos they cross-referenced to landmarks pinpointing the location of the execution in the southern part of Raqqa near the river. They also reported that videos of the execution were played for the public on large screens throughout the city of Raqqa.
Awards and praise
The group was awarded the International Press Freedom Award in 2015, from the Committee to Protect Journalists. The citation said in part "While RBSS was formed to document the atrocities of [ISIL], its members have also reported critically on the Assad government's bombings, other rebel forces, and civilian casualties caused by U.S.-led airstrikes". RBSS was given the 2016 Civil Courage Prize for "risking their lives on a daily basis to document the abuses of the Islamic State."
Kyle Orton writing for The Independent, said "The risks are extreme. Their bravery quite extraordinary" and wrote "Where [ISIL] presented a functioning, just government, RBSS showed the scarcity and brutality. Not a few foreign fighters ... have gone to wage "five-star jihad" ... only to be disillusioned... that [ISIL] is reportedly having to kill them to stop them leaving. RBSS's work, therefore, offers the chance of preventing people inclined toward [ISIL's] ideology actually going to Syria."
- Times, Los Angeles. "Syrian officials reject U.S. criticism of reported civilian casualties". latimes.com. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
- "Syria's Raqqa silently slaughtered under ISIL radical rule". en.alalam.ir. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
- Johnston, Chris. "Islamic State suspected of cyber-attack on Raqqa opponents". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- David Remnick. "Telling the Truth About ISIS and Raqqa". The New Yorker. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
- "Wanted by the Islamic State and now exiled in Europe, RBSS founder says 'I have the right to live a normal life'". 14 February 2017.
- "SYRIA: "Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently" - Intifada Palestine". Intifada Palestine.
- Mark Townsend. "Inside the Islamic State's capital: Red Bull-drinking jihadists, hungry civilians, crucifixions and air strikes". the Guardian.
- "Raqqa Civilians, Hit By New Assad Airstrikes, Tell Stories Of ISIS Executions And Coalition Bombing". International Business Times. 25 November 2014.
- "Life in Raqqa under IS - Al-Monitor: the Pulse of the Middle East". Al-Monitor. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
- (CNN interview) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=di0QrhdfmGk
- Ruth Sherlock. "Inside an Isil town". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- Speri, Alice (September 25, 2014). "Raqqa Is Being Slaughtered Silently, And These Guys Are Risking Their Lives To Document It". Vice News. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
- "Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently, Syria". Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- Loveluck, Louisa. "Islamic State critic found beheaded in Turkey". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2015-11-04.
- "Islamic State conflict: Raqqa activist killed in Syria". BBC News. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- "Naji Jerf, Syrian Journalist And Anti-ISIS Activist, Killed In Turkey". Huffingtonpost.com. 2015-12-28. Retrieved 2016-05-21.
- "Syrian Journalist Who Documented ISIS Atrocities Is Killed in Turkey". The New York Times. 29 December 2015. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
- "Syrian journalist Naji Jerf shot dead in Gaziantep, Turkey". Retrieved 21 May 2016.
- Kyle Orton (18 December 2015). "As another activist is murdered, the least we owe 'Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently' is our attention". The Independent. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- Spencer, Richard (4 February 2015). "Anti-Islamic State group says it believes it knows where Jordanian pilot was burned alive". The Telegraph. Retrieved 7 March 2016.
- Abu Ibrahim Raqqawi. "Russia lied about targeting ISIS". Raqqa is Being Slaughtered Silently. Archived from the original on 21 October 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2016.
- Withnall, Adam (23 November 2015). "Chemical weapon white phosphorous [sic] 'being used in Raqqa air strikes'". The Independent. Retrieved 7 March 2016.
- "2016 Civil Courage Prize Honoree". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- Dargis, Manohla (July 6, 2017). "Review: In City of Ghosts, Fighting ISIS With Journalism". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331.