Rash Behari Ghosh

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Sir Rashbehari Ghosh CSI, CIE (23 December 1845 – 1921) was an Indian politician, lawyer, social worker and philanthropist.

Early life[edit]

Rashbehari Ghosh was born on 23 December 1845 at Torkona village in Khandaghosh area in Burdwan district in Bengal Presidency. He was educated in the Burdwan Raj Collegiate School, after which he entered Presidency College, Kolkata. He obtained a first class in the MA examination in English. In 1871, he passed with honours the Law examination and was awarded the degree of Doctor of Laws in 1884.[1]

Political career[edit]

Ghosh became a member of the Indian National Congress and leaned towards the moderate wing. He had deep faith in progress but was opposed to radicalism in any form. He served as the President of the Congress for two terms (Surat, 1907 and Madras, 1908), succeeding Dadabhai Naoroji.

Ghosh was a member of the Bengal Legislative Council (1891–94, 1906–9) and the Council of India. He was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) in the 1896 New Year Honours and appointed a Companion of the Order of the Star of India (CSI) in the 1909 Birthday Honours.[2][3] He was knighted in the 1915 New Year Honours and conferred with his knighthood on 14 July of that year.[4]

Contributions[edit]

Ghosh's ability and contributions earned him a series of honours, such as the Tagore Law Professorship (1875–76) at Calcutta University and an honorary DL degree from Calcutta University (1884).

He made a fortune through his legal practice, but donated much of it by way of charity and endowments. In 1913, he established an endowment for scientific studies at Calcutta University with an initial capital of ten lakh rupees. He also donated 13 lakh rupees to establish a National Council of Education (NCE) at Jadavpur. It later became Jadavpur University. Ghosh was the first president of NCE.

Sir Rashbehari Ghosh Mahavidyalaya was established at Ukhrid in Khandaghosh CD Block in 2010. He also established schools and hospital in his village.[5]

Street named after Ghosh in Kolkata[edit]

Considering the contributions made by Ghosh for the people of India, a street was named after him in Kolkata.[6] Rashbehari Avenue, named after him, starts from Kalighat Metro station and runs eastwards to Ballygunge and Gariahat.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sinha, D P. "Past Presidents — Rashbehari Ghose". Article. All India Congress Committee. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  2. ^ "No. 26695". The London Gazette. 1 January 1896. p. 1. 
  3. ^ "No. 28263". The London Gazette (Supplement). 22 June 1909. p. 4855. 
  4. ^ "No. 29232". The London Gazette. 16 July 1915. p. 6960. 
  5. ^ "Sir Rashbehari Ghosh Mahavidyalaya". SRGM. Retrieved 24 March 2017. 
  6. ^ P Thankappan Nair, A History of Calcutta's Streets, Publisher: Calcutta: Firma KLM, 1987