Rashid Minhas

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Shaheed Plt. Off.

Rashid Minhas

Pilot officer Rashid Minhas, 1971.
Born17 February 1951
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Died20 August 1971(1971-08-20) (aged 20)
Thatta, Sindh, Pakistan
Allegiance Pakistan
Service/branch Pakistan Air Force
Years of service1971
RankPilot Officer
UnitNo. 2 Squadron
Battles/warsIndo-Pakistani War of 1971

Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas or Rashid Minhas Shaheed, NH, PAF (Urdu: راشد منہاس شہید‎) (February 17, 1951 – August 20, 1971) was a Pilot in the Pakistan Air Force (PAF). Minhas, a newly commissioned officer of 1971 (date of commission: 13 March 1971, 51st GD(P) Course[1]), is the only PAF officer to receive the highest valour award, which is the Nishan-e-Haider. He is also the youngest person and the shortest-serving officer to have received this award. He is remembered for his death in 1971 in a jet trainer crash while struggling to regain the controls from a defecting pilot: Flight Lieutenant Matiur Rahman.

Early life and education[edit]

Rashid Minhas was born on February 17, 1951, at Karachi to a Muslim Rajput family[2][3][4] of the Minhas clan. Rashid Minhas spent his early childhood in Karachi. Later, the family shifted to Rawalpindi. Minhas had his early education from St Mary's Cambridge School Rawalpindi. Later his family shifted back to Karachi. Minhas was fascinated with aviation history and technology. He used to collect different models of aircraft and jets. He also attended St Patrick's High School, Karachi.[5]


Having joined the air force, Minhas was commissioned on March 13, 1971, in the 51st GD(P) Course. He began training to become a pilot. On August 20 of that year, in the hour before noon, he was getting ready to take off in a T-33 jet trainer in Karachi, Pakistan. His second solo flight in that type of aircraft. Minhas was taxiing toward the runway when a Bengali instructor pilot, Flight Lieutenant Matiur Rahman, signalled him to stop and then climbed into the instructor's seat. The jet took off and turned toward India.

Minhas radioed PAF Base Masroor with the message that he was being hijacked. The air controller requested that he resend his message, and he confirmed the hijacking. Later investigation showed that Rahman intended to defect to India to join his compatriots in the Bangladesh Liberation War, along with the jet trainer. In the air, Minhas struggled physically to wrest control from Rahman; each man tried to overpower the other through the mechanically linked flight controls. Some 32 miles (51 km) from the Indian border, the jet crashed near Thatta. Both men were killed.[6]

Minhas was posthumously awarded Pakistan's top military honour, the Nishan-E-Haider, and became the youngest man and the only member of the Pakistan Air Force to win the award. Similarly, Rahman was honoured by Bangladesh with their highest military award, the Bir Sreshtho.[7]

Minhas's Pakistan military citation for the Nishan-E-Haider states that he "forced the aircraft to crash" in order to prevent Rahman from taking the jet to India.[6] This is the official, popular and widely known version of how Minhas died. Yawar A. Mazhar, a writer for Pakistan Military Consortium, relayed in 2004 that he spoke to retired PAF Group Captain Cecil Chaudhry about Minhas, and that he learned more details not generally known to the public. According to Mazhar, Chaudhry lead the immediate task of investigating the wreckage and writing the accident report. Chaudhry told Mazhar that he found the jet had hit the ground nose first, instantly killing Minhas in the front seat. Rahman's body, however, was not in the jet and the canopy was missing. Chaudhry searched the area and saw Rahman's body some distance behind the jet, the body found with severe abrasions from hitting the sand at a low angle and a high speed. Chaudhry thought that Minhas probably jettisoned the canopy at low altitude causing Rahman to be thrown from the cockpit because he was not strapped in. Chaudhry felt that the jet was too close to the ground at that time, too far out of control for Minhas to be able to prevent the crash.[8]


After his death, Minhas was honoured as a national hero. In his memory the Pakistan Air Force base at Kamra was renamed PAF Base Minhas, often called Minhas-Kamra. In Karachi he was honored by the naming of a main road, 'Rashid Minhas Road'[9][10] (Urdu: شاہراہ راشد منہاس‎). A two-rupee postage stamp bearing his image was issued by Pakistan Post in December 2003; 500,000 were printed.[11]

Awards and decorations[edit]

The Nishan-e-Haider which was awarded to Rashid Minhas

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "PAF 51st GD(P) Course". defence.pk. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  2. ^ "National Hero Rashid Minhas". OnePakistan. Retrieved 2014-07-18.
  3. ^ "Rashid Minhas death anniversary". Saach Tv. Archived from the original on 2014-07-25. Retrieved 2014-07-18.
  4. ^ "1971 war hero Rashid Minhas". Samaa tv. Retrieved 2014-07-18.
  5. ^ "Nishan-i-Haider laurelled Rashid Minhas' anniversary today". Samaa Tv. Archived from the original on 2012-06-11. Retrieved 2012-01-29.
  6. ^ a b "PAF Shaheeds". PAF History. Pakistan Air Force. Retrieved 2012-01-31.
  7. ^ "Remembering East Pakistan —II". The Express Tribune. August 9, 2011.
  8. ^ Mazhar, Yawar A. (September 1, 2004). "Rashid Minhas Story". Military History Archive. Pakistan Military Consortium. Archived from the original on September 8, 2012. Retrieved January 31, 2012.
  9. ^ http://www.thenews.com.pk/article-157336-43rd-Shahadat-anniversay-of-Rashid-Minhas-being-observed-today
  10. ^ http://dunyanews.tv/index.php/en/Pakistan/235692-Air-Force-Day-being-observed-with-traditional-zeal
  11. ^ "Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas (Shaheed), Nishan-e-Haider". 2003 stamps. Pakistan Post. Retrieved January 31, 2012.