Rashid bin Maktoum

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Rashid bin Maktoum
Sheikh
Ruler of Dubai
Reign1886–1894
PredecessorHasher bin Maktoum
SuccessorMaktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum
FatherMaktoum bin Butti bin Sohal

Rashid bin Maktoum was the Ruler of Dubai from 1886 to 1894.

Hasher bin Maktoum died without leaving a clear line of succession, causing a rift in the family with two contenders for the title being put forward: Sheikh Maktoum bin Hasher, Hasher's eldest son and Sheikh Rashid bin Maktoum, Hasher's brother.[1]

Sheikh Rashid gained the support of the majority of the family and tribal leaders and acceded in 1886, continuing the policies of open trade and conciliation established by Hasher. He was an influential ruler and when he was approached by Sheikh Zayed of Abu Dhabi for assistance during a conflict over an interior oasis in 1891, he was able to muster a considerable force of 300 camelmen and 30 horsemen in Zayed's support.[1]

Rashid inherited the ongoing conflict with the Rulers of the emirates to the North and conflict was rarely absent from the coast, with raids and ruptures an almost constant occurrence, particularly in 1889 and 1890. In 1891, some 400 men of the Marar tribe, considering themselves ill-treated by Rashid, ended the pearling season by sailing their boats to Sharjah. This action led to three years of bitter negotiations, arbitrated by the British Resident, settling financial claims and counter claims which led to a number of conflicts on land.[2]

Exclusive Agreement[edit]

In 1892, Rashid was signatory to the 'Exclusive Agreement', which bound the Trucial Rulers not to enter into 'any agreement or correspondence with any Power other than the British Government' and that without British assent, they would not 'consent to the residence within my territory of the agent of any other government' and that they would not 'cede, sell, mortgage or otherwise give for occupation any part of my territory, save to the British Government.[3][4]

Also in 1892, in March, a number of Dubai subjects ejected a number of Al Qasimi dependents from Sir Bu Nair Island - resulting in a censure from the British Agent, requiring the aggressors to withdraw and return the arms they captured, as well as Rashid having to undertake his subjects would not in future travel to Sir Bu Nair without permission from the Sheikh of Sharjah.[5]

In September 1892, Rashid married into the Al Bu Shamis subsection of the Na'im tribe in Buraimi. He died on 7 April 1894 during a major cholera outbreak in Dubai,[6] although the cause of his death was described as a 'paralytic seizure'.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wilson, Graeme (1999). Father of Dubai. Media Prima. p. 28.
  2. ^ Lorimer, John (1915). Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. British Government, Bombay. p. 736.
  3. ^ Heard-Bey, Frauke, (2005). From Trucial States to United Arab Emirates : a society in transition. London: Motivate. p. 293. ISBN 1860631673. OCLC 64689681.
  4. ^ Exclusive Agreement, signed between March 5 and March 8, 1892
  5. ^ Lorimer, John (1915). Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. British Government, Bombay. pp. 739–740.
  6. ^ Wilson, Graham (1999). Father of Dubai. Media Prima. p. 31.
  7. ^ Lorimer, John (1915). Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Government of Bombay. p. 774.
Preceded by
Hasher bin Maktoum
Ruler of Dubai
1886–1894
Succeeded by
Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum