Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum

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His Highness The Emîr Sheikh (صاحب السمو الأمير والشيخ)
Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum
راشد بن سعيد آل مكتوم
Adi with the three rulers of Dubai.jpg
Sheikh Rashid Al Maktoum (far left) in a meeting with Adi Bitar (centre left), Sheikh Mohammad Al Maktoum (centre right), and Sheikh Maktoum Al Maktoum (far right) in Dubai 1968
Emir of Dubai
Reign
10 September 1958 – 7 October 1990
Preceded by Saeed II
Succeeded by Maktoum III
Vice President of The United Arab Emirates
In office
2 December 1971 – 7 October 1990
President Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Preceded by post established
Succeeded by Maktoum III
Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates
In office
25 April 1979 – 7 October 1990
President Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
Deputy Hamdan bin Mohammed Al Nahyan
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Preceded by Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Succeeded by Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Personal details
Born 1912
Dubai, Trucial States
Died 7 October 1990 (aged 78)
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Nationality Emirati
Spouse(s) Sheikha Latifa bint Hamdan bin Zayed al Nahyan
Children Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Ahmed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Latifa bint Rashid Al Maktoum
Fatima bint Rashid Al Maktoum
Parents Saeed bin Maktoum bin Hasher Al Maktoum
Sheikha Hessa bint Al Murr[1]
Religion Islam
Father Saeed bin Maktoum Al Maktoum

Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum pronounced Râshid bin Sa`îd Âl Makṫûm (1912 – 7 October 1990) (Arabic: راشد بن سعيد آل مكتوم‎‎) was the Vice-President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates and Emîr (Arabic: أمير‎‎) (Ruler) of Dubai. He ruled for 32 years from 1958 until his death in 1990.[2]

Development of Dubai[edit]

Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum was responsible for the transformation of Dubai from a small cluster of settlements near the Dubai Creek to a modern port city and commercial hub.[3] His famous line, "My grandfather rode a Pony, my father rode a Pony, I drive a Mercedes, my son drives a Land Rover, his son will drive a Land Rover, but his son will ride a camel,[4]" reflected his concern that Dubai's oil, which was discovered in 1966 and which began production in 1969, would run out within a few generations. He therefore worked to develop the economy of Dubai so that it could survive after the end of oil production, and was a driving force behind a number of major infrastructure projects to promote Dubai as a regional hub for trade:

  1. Port Rashid (opened in 1972)
  2. Al Shindagha Tunnel (opened in 1975)
  3. Jebel Ali Port (opened in 1979)
  4. Dubai World Trade Centre (built in 1978)
  5. The second major dredging and widening of the Dubai Creek (early 1970s)[5]
  6. Dubai Drydocks (opened in 1983)

Relationship with other Emirates[edit]

Dubai remained in a stand-off with Abu Dhabi at the time Sheikh Rashid became Ruler of Dubai following the armed border dispute between the two emirates in 1946, and he established a close relationship with Qatar. Sheikh Rashid's daughter married the Emir of Qatar in 1961. In 1966, India devalued the rupee, and Qatar and Dubai adopted the Gulf rupee as a common currency, whilst Abu Dhabi adopted the Bahraini dinar.

The Emir of Kuwait assisted in the financing of the Dredging of the Creek, along with a popular issue of bonds, the 'creek bonds' and revenue derived from land reclamation made possible by the dredging.[3] The project resulted in Dubai's rising prominence as an entrepôt, a position cemented by the visionary construction of a 15-berth deep water port, Port Rashid, starting in 1969

Sheikh Rashid brought Dubai to join Abu Dhabi and other northern Emirates to create the United Arab Emirates in 1971, and in 1973, Dubai joined the other emirates to adopt a uniform currency, the UAE dirham.

Jebel Ali port was established in 1979, and the customs free zone Jebel Ali Free Zone (JAFZ) was built around the port in 1985. By the late 1990s JAFZ developed into a commercial free zone.

Family[edit]

Sheikh Rashid Al Maktoum married once to Sheikha Latifa bint Hamdan Al Nahyan the daughter of Sheikh Hamdan bin Zayed Al Nahyan. Al Nayhan and Al Maktoum had four sons and two daughters:

  1. Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum (1943–2006).
  2. Hamdan bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born 1945).
  3. Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born 1949).
  4. Ahmed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (born 1950).
  5. Latifa bint Rashid Al Maktoum.
  6. Fatima bint Rashid Al Maktoum.[citation needed]

Both his predecessor as Prime Minister of the UAE and his successor was his son, Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum. Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid was the Prime Minister of United Arab Emirates from 1971 to 1979, and acceded as Ruler of Dubai on his father's death on 7 October 1990, until his death on 4 January 2006. Following Maktoum's death in 2006, another of Sheikh Rashid's sons, Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum acceded to these positions and is the current Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and the ruler of Dubai.[6]

Sheikh Rashid was brother to Sheikh Ahmed bin Saeed Al Maktoum, who is presently the Chairman of Emirates airline.

His daughter was married to Qatari ruler, Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Dubai". Retrieved 28 July 2016. 
  2. ^ "The late Vice President Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum". UAE Cabinet. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Wilson, Graeme (1999). Father of Dubai: Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum. UAE: Media Prima. pp. 1–232. ISBN 9789948856450. 
  4. ^ Gluckman, Ron. "Hong Kong of the Desert?". Retrieved 12 April 2012. 
  5. ^ Ruling Shaikhs and Her Majesty's Government, 1960-1969. Joyce, Miriam. Routledge. 2003
  6. ^ Wheeler, Julia (5 January 2006). "Dubai's formidable new ruler". BBC News. Retrieved 30 March 2012. 
  7. ^ Peterson, J. E. "Rulers, Merchants and Shaikhs in Gulf Politics" (PDF). The Gulf Family. Retrieved 17 April 2013. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Sheikh Said II ibn Maktum
Emir of Dubai
1958–1990
Succeeded by
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Preceded by
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Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates
1971–1990
Succeeded by
Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum