|1st Prime Minister of Tanzania|
2 March 1972 – 13 February 1977
|Succeeded by||Edward Sokoine|
|2nd Prime Minister of Tanganyika|
22 January 1962 – 8 December 1962
|Preceded by||Julius Nyerere|
|Born||27 May 1926|
|Died||31 December 2009 (aged 83)|
Dar es Salaam, Tanzani
|Resting place||Madale Dar es Salaam|
|Tanganyika African National Union|
|Spouse(s)||Sofia Kawawa (m. 1951) & Asia Kawawa|
|Children||Rehema, Hawa, Mfaume, Khadija, Fatima, Farida, Rashidi, Sophia, Vita Kawawa, Zalia, Zamaradi, Mariam, Habiba, Zainabu, Abdallah, Ema, Asha|
|Nickname(s)||Simba wa Vita (the Lion of War)|
Rashidi Mfaume Kawawa (27 May 1926 – 31 December 2009) was the Prime Minister of Tanganyika in 1962 and of Tanzania in 1972 to 1977. He was the effective ruler of the country from January to December 1962 while Julius Nyerere toured the countryside. Kawawa was a strong advocate of economic statism. He later served as Defense Minister from 1977 to 1980.
After his retirement, Kawawa remained a behind-the-scenes influence in Tanzanian politics.
Honours and awards
- Makerere University, Doctor of Laws (posthumous)
- University of Dodoma, Honoris Causa (posthumous), 26 November 2010
- "Mzee Rashidi Kawawa: Tanzania's Great son to emulate". Daily News. 3 January 2010. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011.
- "MAKERERE HONOURS PRESIDENT MUSEVENI, H.E. RASHID M. KAWAWA (POSTHUMOUS)". Makerere University. 14 December 2010. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
- "JK, late Kawawa honoured at UDOM colourful, maiden graduation". IPP Media. 27 November 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2013.