Raspbian

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Raspbian
Raspbian 2019.04 application menu.jpg
DeveloperRaspberry Pi Foundation
OS familyUnix / Linux
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Latest releaseRaspbian Buster / 2020-02-05[1]
Marketing targetRaspberry Pi
Available inEnglish
Update methodAPT
Package managerdpkg
PlatformsARM
i386 version available[2]
Kernel typeMonolithic
UserlandGNU
Default user interfacePIXEL,[3] LXDE
LicenseFree and open-source software licenses (mainly GPL)
Official websitewww.raspberrypi.org/downloads/raspbian/
Support status
Supported

Raspbian is a Debian-based (32 bit) computer operating system for Raspberry Pi. There are several versions of Raspbian including Raspbian Buster and Raspbian Stretch. Since 2015 it has been officially provided by the Raspberry Pi Foundation as the primary operating system for the family of Raspberry Pi single-board computers.[4] Raspbian was created by Mike Thompson and Peter Green as an independent project.[5] The initial build was completed in June 2012.[6] The operating system is still under active development. Raspbian is highly optimized for the Raspberry Pi line's low-performance ARM CPUs.

Raspbian uses PIXEL, Pi Improved X-Window Environment, Lightweight as its main desktop environment as of the latest update. It is composed of a modified LXDE desktop environment and the Openbox stacking window manager with a new theme and few other changes. The distribution is shipped with a copy of computer algebra program Mathematica and a version of Minecraft called Minecraft Pi[7] as well as a lightweight version of Chromium as of the latest version.[8]

Version history[edit]

Release Date Release

Name [9]

Debian Version Linux Kernel GCC apt X Server Pi 1/1+ Pi 2 Pi 3 Pi

Zero W

Pi 3+ Pi 4
2013-09-27 2013-09-25 7

(Wheezy)

3.6 4.7.2 0.9.7 7.7 Yes No No No No No
2013-10-07 2013-09-25 Yes No No No No No
2013-12-24 2013-12-20 3.10 Yes No No No No No
2014-01-09 2014-01-07 Yes No No No No No
2014-06-22 2014-06-20 3.12 Yes No No No No No
2014-07-08 2014-06-20 Yes No No No No No
2014-09-12 2014-09-09 Yes No No No No No
2014-10-08 2014-09-09 Yes No No No No No
2014-12-25 2014-12-24 Yes No No No No No
2015-02-02 2015-01-31 3.18 Yes Yes No No No No
2015-02-17 2015-02-16 Yes Yes No No No No
2015-02-18 2015-02-16 Yes Yes No No No No
2015-05-07 2015-05-05 Yes Yes No No No No
2015-05-12 2015-05-05 Yes Yes No No No No
2015-09-28 2015-09-25 8

(Jessie)

4.1 4.9 1.0.9.8.1 Yes Yes No No No No
2015-11-24 2015-11-21 Yes Yes No No No No
2016-02-08 2016-02-03 Yes Yes No No No No
2016-02-09 2016-02-09 Yes Yes No No No No
2016-02-29 2016-02-26 Yes Yes Yes No No No
2016-03-18 2016-03-18 Yes Yes Yes No No No
2016-05-13 2016-05-10 4.4 Yes Yes Yes No No No
2016-05-31 2016-05-27 Yes Yes Yes No No No
2016-09-28 2016-09-23 Yes Yes Yes No No No
2016-11-29 2016-11-25 Yes Yes Yes No No No
2017-02-27 2017-02-16 4.9 Yes Yes Yes No No No
2017-03-03 2017-03-02 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
2017-04-10 2017-04-10 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
2017-06-23 2017-06-21 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
2017-07-05 2017-07-05 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
2017-08-17 2017-08-16 9

(Stretch)

6.3 1.4.6 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
2017-09-08 2017-09-07 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
2017-11-29 2017-11-29 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
2018-03-13 2018-03-13 Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
2018-04-18 2018-04-18 4.14 1.4.8 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
2018-06-29 2018-06-27 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
2018-10-09 2018-10-09 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
2018-11-13 2018-11-13 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
2019-04-08 2019-04-08 1.4.9 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
2019-06-24 2019-06-20 10

(Buster)

4.19 8.3 1.8.2 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
2019-07-10 2019-07-10 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
2019-09-30 2019-09-26 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
2020-02-07 2020-02-05 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Release Date Release

Name

Debian Version Linux Kernel GCC apt X Server Pi 1/1+ Pi 2 Pi 3 Pi

Zero W

Pi 3+ 4

Reception[edit]

Jesse Smith from DistroWatch Weekly reviewed Raspbian in 2015:[10]

Though I did not intend to run the Raspberry Pi as a desktop computer, the Raspbian operating system does provide users with the LXDE desktop environment. The Pi does not have a great deal of processor speed or memory, but it does have enough resources to run LXDE and a handful of applications. So long as the user does not wish to do a lot at once, the Pi offers a fairly responsive desktop interface. I probably would not run heavier programs such as LibreOffice or Firefox on the Pi, but Raspbian does provide the Epiphany web browser and a few other desktop programs.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Release Notes". RaspberryPi.org.
  2. ^ https://www.raspberrypi.org/blog/pixel-pc-mac/
  3. ^ "Introducing PIXEL". Raspberry Pi. Retrieved 2016-10-05.
  4. ^ "Download Raspbian for Raspberry Pi". RaspberryPi.org.
  5. ^ "RaspbianAbout - Raspbian". www.raspbian.org. Retrieved 2016-06-05.
  6. ^ "FrontPage - Raspbian". www.raspbian.org. Retrieved 2016-04-04.
  7. ^ Mathematica and the Wolfram Language are included in this release under license and with permission of Wolfram Research, Inc. and may be used for non-commercial purposes only. raspberrypi.org Download Raspbian for Raspberry Pi
  8. ^ "Introducing PIXEL - Raspberry Pi". Raspberry Pi. 2016-09-28. Retrieved 2017-01-07.
  9. ^ used with release notes and .img files
  10. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 615, 22 June 2015

External links[edit]