Rastriya Janamukti Party

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Rastriya Janamukti Party
राष्ट्रिय जनमुक्ति पार्टी
PresidentKhadga Prasad Palungwa, Keshav Suryavanshi(Executive)
General SecretaryTop Aslami Magar, Ram Bahadur Pariyar, Padam Bahadur Limbu
FounderMalabar Singh Thapa
Gore Bahadur Khapangi
FoundedMay 4, 1990 (1990-05-04) Nepal Rastriya Janamukti Morcha
January 20, 1992 (1992-01-20) Rastriya Janamukti Party
HeadquartersMaharajgunj, Chakrapath, Kathmandu
Student wingNepal Bidhyarthi Morcha
Youth wingJanamukti Youth Federation
Women's wingRastriya Mahila Morcha
IdeologyMulti-Ethnic federalism
Democratic Socialism[1]
Political positionCentre-left
Election symbol
Rastriya Janamukti Election Symbol.png
Party flag

Rastriya Janamukti Partry (Nepali: राष्ट्रिय जनमुक्ति पार्टी; translation: National People's Liberation Party) is a political party in Nepal. The party was founded on 6 May 1990 as Nepal Rastriya Janamukti Morcha. After unification with Rastriya Jana Party on 20 January 1992, the unified party adopted the name, Rastriya Janamukti Party.[2]


Foundation (1990-1992)[edit]

The Nepal Rastriya Janamukti Morcha Party was founded in Kathmandu on 6 May 1990. The party contested the 1991 general elections with a man as their electoral symbol. The party merged with Rastriya Jana Party on 20 January 1992 and renamed itself, Rastriya Janamukti Party also adopting a house as its electoral symbol.[2]

First General Convention (1996-1999)[edit]

The party's first General Convention was held in Kathmandu from 10 June to 12 June 1996. The general convention elected Malbar Singh Thapa as the party's first president and Gore Bahadur Khapangi as the party's first general secretary.[2]

In the 1999 parliamentary election, the Rastriya Janamukti Party fielded 130 candidates and got 92,567 votes but none of their candidates were elected. During the party's second General Convention in Butwal, Malbar Singh Thapa and Gore Bahadur Khapangi were reelected to their posts.[3]

Constituent Assembly (2006-2015)[edit]

The party held its third General Convention in Lalitpur from 3 March to 5 March 2006. Malbar Singh Thapa was reelected as the party's president and Bayan Singh Rai was elected as the general secretary. The party contested the 2008 Constituent Assembly election and won 2 seats through proportional representation.[4]

The party then held its fourth General Convention in Kawasoti and Malbar Singh Thapa was reelected party president and Keshav Suryavanshi was elected general secretary. In the 2013 Constituent Assembly election, the party again won 2 seats through proportional representation.[2]

The two members in the Constituent Assembly, Shiva Lal Thapa and Sima Kumari BK, quit the party on 2 March 2015 and announced the formation of Rastriya Janamukti Party (Loktantrik).[5]

Federal Nepal (2016-present)[edit]

In the party's fifth General Convention in Lalitpur, Khadga Prasad Palungwa was elected president and Keshav Suryavanshi was elected general secretary.[2] The party contested the 2017 local elections and won 20 seats in local governments. The party also contested the 2017 legislative and provincial elections but did not win any seats.

Electoral performance[edit]

Nepalese legislative elections[edit]

Election Leader Votes Seats Position Resulting government
# % # +/-
1991 Malabar Singh Thapa 34,509 0.47
0 / 205
9th Congress
1994 Malabar Singh Thapa 79,996 1.05
0 / 205
Steady Increase 6th CPN (UML) minority
1999 Malabar Singh Thapa 92,567 1.07
0 / 205
Steady Decrease 10th Congress
2008 Malabar Singh Thapa 53,910 0.50
2 / 575
Increase 2 Decrease 17th CPN (Maoist)–CPN (UML)–MJFN
2013 Malabar Singh Thapa 63,834 0.67
2 / 575
Steady Increase 16th Congress–CPN (UML)–RPP
2017 Khadga Prasad Palungwa 33,091 0.35
0 / 275
Decrease 2 Increase 14th CPN (UML)–CPN (Maoist Centre)

Sister organizations[edit]

The sister organizations of the Party are called Jana Sangathan (People's Organization). According to the RJP central office, the following are the current sister organizations:

  • Janamukti Youth Federation[6]
  • Rastriya Mahila Morcha[6]
  • Rastriya Dalit Morcha[6]
  • Rastriya Purva Sainik Sangathan[6]
  • Nepal Aadibasi Mahasangh[6]
  • Nepal Bidhyarthi Morcha[6]
  • Rastriya Muslim Parisad[6]
  • Bahujatiya Sanskritik Morcha[6]
  • Rastriya Bhumihin-Sukumbasi Adhikar Manch[6]
  • Rastriya Tharu Manch Nepal [6]
  • Khas arya Rastriya Manch Nepal [6]

In addition, teachers, intellectuals, athletes, transport entrepreneurs, and communication/media-related organizations are parties which are closely aligned with Janamukti Thought.[7]


List of presidents (1992–present)[edit]

# Presidents Portrait Term start Term end Notes
1 Malabar Singh Thapa Malbar Singh Thapa.jpg 20 January 1992 10 June 2016 Founder, elected by the First General Convention[2]
2 Khadga Prasad Palungwa Khadga parashad palungwa.jpg 12 June 2016 Incumbent Elected by the Fifth General Convention.[2]
3 Keshav Suryavanshi (Executive President) Keshav suryavanshi rjp.jpg 13 September 2021 Incumbent Elected by the Sixth General Convention.[8]

List of general secretaries (1992–present)[edit]

# General Secretary Portrait Term start Term end Notes
1 Gore Bahadur Khapangi Gore Bahadur Khapangi.jpg 20 January 1992 2 March 2006 Founder, elected by the First General Convention.[2]
2 Bayan Singh Rai 5 March 2006 8 March 2011 Elected by the Third General Convention.[2]
3 Keshav Suryavanshi Keshav suryavanshi rjp.jpg 13 March 2011 13 September 2021 Elected by the Fourth and Fifth General Convention.[2]
4 Top Aslami Magar 13 September 2021 Incumbent Elected by the Sixth General Convention.[8]
Ram Bahadur Pariyar
Padam Bahadur Limbu


  1. ^ Official, Rastriya Janamukti Party. "राष्ट्रिय जनमुक्ति पार्टीको १८ बुँदे घोषणा पत्र सार्वजनिक | Rastriya Janamukti Party". Retrieved 2022-12-03.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History | Rastriya Janamukti Party". Retrieved 2020-12-10.
  3. ^ Rastriya Janamukti Party, Feedback Archived 2008-02-06 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Nepalnews.com, news from Nepal as it happens Archived 2008-07-04 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Two CA members quit Rastriya Janamukti Party". Retrieved 2018-04-17.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k RJP organisations
  7. ^ RJP vision
  8. ^ a b Official, Rastriya Janamukti Party. "छैंठौं राष्ट्रिय महाधिवेशन सम्पन्न | Rastriya Janamukti Party". Retrieved 2021-12-06.