A ratter is a type of dog that has been developed for catching rats and other vermin. A typical ratter is small to medium-sized and has a short and smooth coat. Their ears are often erect, although some breeds can have semi-erect and folded ears.
The definition for a ratter varies a little - sometimes it only includes the breeds that have the word "ratter" in their name, sometimes also pinschers and several terriers originally used for rat hunting.
The term rat terrier refers to the American Rat Terrier and its descendants, as well as other terrier breeds used as ratters:
- American Hairless Terrier
- Brazilian Terrier
- Chilean Fox Terrier
- Manchester Terrier
- Miniature Fox Terrier
- Plummer Terrier
- Rat Terrier
- Teddy Roosevelt Terrier
- Tenterfield Terrier
- Jack Russell Terrier
There are five ratoneros, so called rat-hunting dogs, in Spain which all are local breeds originating in a specific area:
- Ratonero Bodeguero Andaluz, Andalusian Ratter
- Ratonero Mallorquín, Majorca Ratter
- Ratonero Murciano, Murcian Ratter
- Ratonero Valenciano, Valencian Ratter
- Villanuco de Las Encartaciones, Basque Ratter
Pinschers - excluding the large Doberman Pinscher used as a service dog - were originally developed to be rat catchers:
- Austrian Pinscher
- German Pinscher
- Harlequin Pinscher (extinct)
- Miniature Pinscher
- Silky Pinscher (extinct)
- Swiss Pinscher (extinct)
- Las Razas Españolas. Real Sociedad Canina de España. Retrieved May 24th 2014.
- History. Club del Ca Rater Mallorquí. Retrieved May 24th 2014.
- Estudio Sobre el Ratonero Murciano. Asociación Canina de la Comunidad Autónoma de Murcia. Retrieved May 24th 2014.
- Castillo Matías, J. & Mediavilla Iglesias, M. (April 2008). "5. Villanuco de las Encartaciones". Los 26 tesoros de nuestra comunidad, p. 72. Spain: La Anunciata Ikerketa. Retrieved May 25th 2014.
- Leed, C. Deutscher Pinscher. Dogs of the World. Retrieved May 24th 2014.