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The Rathore is a clan of Rajputs found in Northern India and Pakistan. The Rathore deduce their origin from the Rath (Spine) of Indra. Several sources state the origin of the Rathore's from the Rashtrakuta dynasty. Some bards of Rajputana and Prithviraj Raso, also called the Rathore's descendants of the Gahadvalas, however the Gahadvala claims were of later origin, and their historical veracity is doubtful. The Rathore rulers referred to themselves as the successors of the Rashtrakuta dynasty and tried to get an imperial status by this claim when they were at the height of their power in the 16th century. The Rathore clan stood high amongst the 36 Royal Rajput tribes and the Rathore cavalry was formerly known as the best in India.
Alternative spellings include Rathaur or Rathor or Rathur or Rathod or Rathour or Rahtore.
The various cadet branches of the Rathore clan gradually spread to encompass all of Marwar and later founded states in Central India and Gujarat. At the time of India's independence in 1947, "these nine Rathore States collectively brought to India territory not less than 60,000 square miles in area". The princely states ruled by various branches of the Rathore clan included:
- Jodhpur (Marwar) in present-day Rajasthan, founded in 1226 by Rao Sheoji.
- Bikaner in present-day Rajasthan, founded in 1465 by Rao Bika.
- Kishangarh in present-day Rajasthan, founded in 1611 by Raja Kishan Singh.
- Idar in present-day Gujarat, founded in 1729 by Rao Anand Singh.
- Ratlam in present-day Madhya Pradesh, founded in 1651 by Maharaja Ratan Singh.
- Jhabua in present-day Madhya Pradesh, founded in 1584 by Raja Keshav Das.
- Sitamau in present-day Madhya Pradesh, founded 1701 by Raja Kesho Das.
- Sailana in present-day Madhya Pradesh, founded in 1730 by Raja Jai Singh.
- Alirajpur in present-day Madhya Pradesh, founded in 1437 by Raja Anand Deo.
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- |title=The History of the Gāhaḍavāla Dynasty by Roma Niyogi pg.29-31
- Royal Umbrellas of Stone: Memory, Politics, and Public Identity in Rajput funerary art By Melia Belli Bose pg.140
- Medieval India (1526–1748) Part two. by Satish Chandra. p. 79
- The Indian Encyclopaedia: Mahi-Mewat by Subodh Kapoor pg.4708
- Anthony T. Carter (1975). "Caste 'boundaries' and the principle of kinship amity: a Maratha caste Purana". Contributions to Indian Sociology. Mouton. 9: 130.
The Somavansha, for example, consists of nine gotras: Chavan, More, Pawar, Ganganaik, Rathod, Dhampal, Jagtap, Chaluke, and Kachre.
- Indian India. Director of Public Relations, Chamber of Princes. 1 January 1945.
- Dhananajaya Singh (1994). The House of Marwar. Lotus Collection, Roli Books. p. 13.
The Rathore clan of Rajputs, a clan which besides Jodhpur had ruled over Bikaner, Kishengarh, Idar, Jhabhua, Sitamau, Sailana, Alirajpur and Ratlam, all States important enough to merit gun salutes in the British system of protocol. These nine Rathore States collectively brought to India territory not less than 60,000 square miles in area.